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'B. 56. Confidential 86/14 - v. BAHRAIN UNALLOTED AREA.' [‎80r] (164/510)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (251 folios). It was created in 14 Feb 1939-2 Aug 1939. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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fishermens ‘barasties 1 (palm huts) and some at least of
them are occupied throughout the year. Hawar suffers from
the absence of a permanent water supply, since the cisterns
to which reference is made in the Bahrain counter-claim are
only full after heavy rain and are subject to loss both from
evaporation and from leakage. There was, for instance, heavy
rain in Hawar a month ago, filling the cisterns to the brim,
but the local people informed me that this water would be
exhausted within three months. Water therefore, during much
of the year, has to be brought across from Bahrain and this
naturally restricts the number of persons remaining there
permanently and makes it necessary for them to send their
goats (except a few in milk) and their cattle across to Bahrain.
Nevertheless a few people do remain there throughout the year,
though whether this is equally true of the past I cannot say.
8. The Bahrain Government claim, and the Shaikh of Qatar
denies, that there is good grazing for flocks and herds in
the Hawar main island. I can state, from personal knowledge,
that in this respect the Bahrain Government are right. After
good rain the island provides better pasturage than Bahrain
itself and even this year, when the rain was very late, there
are still to-day between 50 and ICO animals in Hawar. This
point is of importance as supporting the Bahrain statement
that Eawar is considerably more than a temporary refuge for
fishermen. Similarly it is quite true that the gypsum (or
ji^ss) which is found in Hawar is excavated under licence from
Bahrain. In point of fact on my recent visit to the island
the local Dawasir complained that the Bahrain Government were
over-free with their licences and that the juss reserves were
Ti > 0
being rapidly exhausted.
9. Mention is also made in paragraph 9 of the Bahrain
counter-claim of the pearling boats owned by the Dawasir of
Hawar. I believe that Hawar owns only four, but these four
were /-

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Content

The volume comprises correspondence between the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Trenchard Craven Fowle), the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain (Hugh Weightman), the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (Roland Tennyson Peel, John Percival Gibson), the Secretary to the Government of India, External Affairs Department (Sir Aubrey Metcalfe), the Shaikh of Bahrain (Shaikh Ḥamad bin ‘Īsá Āl Khalīfah), Bahrain Petroleum Company (Hamilton R Ballantyne, Fred A Davies, Max W Thornburg), and Petroleum Concessions Limited (Frank Holmes, John Skliros) regarding the Shaikh of Bahrain’s proposal to grant a concession for the whole of the unallotted area, including the Hawar Islands, to the Bahrain Petroleum Company and His Majesty’s Government’s approval of the proposal.

Following on from the approval of the proposal to grant a concession to the Bahrain Petroleum Company (BAPCO) the correspondence focuses on discussion around the proposed agreement, to take the form of a deed of modification to BAPCO’s 1934 lease and the political agreement which would accompany the concession. The main areas of discussion including the definition of the area the concession would cover, and the need to include a pre-emption clause in the political agreement. Copies, in Arabic and English, of the draft deed of modification (ff 146-161, 170-180, 218-227) and draft political agreement (ff 133-139) are included in the volume.

Also discussed in the volume is the conclusion of the sovereignty question relating to the Hawar Islands following the submission by the Shaikh of Qatar (Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī) of a response to the counter-claims made by the Shaikh of Bahrain. On reviewing both claims and supporting evidence His Majesty’s Government's final decision was that islands belonged to Bahrain and not Qatar.

Also included in the volume are copies of draft concession agreements put forward by Petroleum Concessions Limited including one for the Hawar Islands (ff 8-26) and one for the waters and islands of Bahrain, described as the shoal area (ff 44-65).

A series of file notes which were maintained as a record of the correspondence in the volume can be found at folios 242-248

Extent and format
1 volume (251 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 253; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 6-241; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'B. 56. Confidential 86/14 - v. BAHRAIN UNALLOTED AREA.' [‎80r] (164/510), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/692, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100028055899.0x0000a5> [accessed 19 October 2019]

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