Skip to item: of 510
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'B. 56. Confidential 86/14 - v. BAHRAIN UNALLOTED AREA.' [‎90r] (184/510)

This item is part of

The record is made up of 1 volume (251 folios). It was created in 14 Feb 1939-2 Aug 1939. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

of their country for more than s. century, should
*
remain all along these years without a detachment
* Why ?
ior security and for the administration of .justice
and to represent the Huler of Bahrain in those
Islands which they bewail as being part of their
state, and allege that it consists of villages
* There are goats inhabited by people with boats and herds. We also
and some cattle.
observe, from another point of view, clear con
tradictions in the memorandum of the Bahrain
Government. A confession by them that the islands
are owned by the Ruler of Qatar is about clear,
and that is by the fact that some incidents took
*
p 1 d. ce in one not -uar ofx past, between Qatar and
Bahrain, which are recorded in history and in
the memories of some living persons, which has
shattered relations of ’’brotherliness” and
threatened interests more than at present. The
fact that the Bahrain Government did not mention
*
lu would have been} there being any detachment stationed by them
more effective to 5
give proof of a } at Hawar Islands under those circumstances, and
Qatar detachment }
having been there 5 during which time it -/was more necessary to b rinn
in the past l } ^ ^
5 out a detachment than it is now, and for the same
reasons which the Bahrain Government now want
„ to use as justification for the oresence of
i
tneir detachment, is conclusive nroof that the
t 7
Hawar Islands are owned by the Ruler of Qatar
at least since that time and up to the present
in which the Bahrain Government now try to use
the presence of their recently stationed detach
ment as an excuse for taking Hawar Islands. Had
the Ruler of Bahrain known anything about this
he would have alluded to it in his memorandum
which is in our possession. His silence about it
is a considerable hint to our ownership of these

About this item

Content

The volume comprises correspondence between the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Trenchard Craven Fowle), the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain (Hugh Weightman), the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (Roland Tennyson Peel, John Percival Gibson), the Secretary to the Government of India, External Affairs Department (Sir Aubrey Metcalfe), the Shaikh of Bahrain (Shaikh Ḥamad bin ‘Īsá Āl Khalīfah), Bahrain Petroleum Company (Hamilton R Ballantyne, Fred A Davies, Max W Thornburg), and Petroleum Concessions Limited (Frank Holmes, John Skliros) regarding the Shaikh of Bahrain’s proposal to grant a concession for the whole of the unallotted area, including the Hawar Islands, to the Bahrain Petroleum Company and His Majesty’s Government’s approval of the proposal.

Following on from the approval of the proposal to grant a concession to the Bahrain Petroleum Company (BAPCO) the correspondence focuses on discussion around the proposed agreement, to take the form of a deed of modification to BAPCO’s 1934 lease and the political agreement which would accompany the concession. The main areas of discussion including the definition of the area the concession would cover, and the need to include a pre-emption clause in the political agreement. Copies, in Arabic and English, of the draft deed of modification (ff 146-161, 170-180, 218-227) and draft political agreement (ff 133-139) are included in the volume.

Also discussed in the volume is the conclusion of the sovereignty question relating to the Hawar Islands following the submission by the Shaikh of Qatar (Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī) of a response to the counter-claims made by the Shaikh of Bahrain. On reviewing both claims and supporting evidence His Majesty’s Government's final decision was that islands belonged to Bahrain and not Qatar.

Also included in the volume are copies of draft concession agreements put forward by Petroleum Concessions Limited including one for the Hawar Islands (ff 8-26) and one for the waters and islands of Bahrain, described as the shoal area (ff 44-65).

A series of file notes which were maintained as a record of the correspondence in the volume can be found at folios 242-248

Extent and format
1 volume (251 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 253; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 6-241; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'B. 56. Confidential 86/14 - v. BAHRAIN UNALLOTED AREA.' [‎90r] (184/510), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/692, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100028055899.0x0000b9> [accessed 19 October 2019]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100028055899.0x0000b9">'B. 56. Confidential 86/14 - v. BAHRAIN UNALLOTED AREA.' [&lrm;90r] (184/510)</a>
<a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100028055899.0x0000b9">
	<img src="https://images.qdl.qa/iiif/images/81055/vdc_100000000193.0x00029a/IOR_R_15_1_692_0188.jp2/full/!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
</a>
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it.https://www.qdl.qa/en/iiif/81055/vdc_100000000193.0x00029a/manifestOpen in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image