'B. 56. Confidential 86/14 - v. BAHRAIN UNALLOTED AREA.' [94r] (192/510)
The record is made up of 1 volume (251 folios). It was created in 14 Feb 1939-2 Aug 1939. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
living in Hawar.
But if they have
any cases they
come to the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company.
Ruler of Bahrain had visited it - assuming
that he had visited it once during his life
time, although that has yet to be proved -~
is one which will make people laugh at this
wonderful geographical knowledge which the
Bahrain Government has invented. The alle
gation ghat no one of the A1 Thani family
has ever set foot on it is refutable. Th*
late Shaikh Qasim has visited it many times
and many others of the people of Qatar had
10. Among the evidence put forward by the
Bahrain Government in their memorandum is
that the pearl-fishermen of Hawar take their
pearl-fishing (account) books from Bahrain,
by which means they aim at creating Hawaris,
and to take themf or being their subjests.
But, do they forget that those to whom they
refer as taking pearl-fishing books are
Bahrainis and not Hawaris ? Moreover pearl
fishing books cannot b« taken as proofs; all
those who go to Bahrain with the object of
pearl-fishing carry such books: the people of
Hasa, Nejd and ^atar, who follow the pearl
fishing trade in Bahrain, all carry such books
at Bahrain, has it also ever occurred to the
Bahrain Government to take possession of the
lands of their neighbours because their pearl-
fishermen carry pearl-fishing books ?
This is an argument which the Bahrain
Government has found in "the world of investi
11. The Bahrain Government frankly admit
that the investigations, carried out by them,
for old cases referring to Hawar, as is
About this item
The volume comprises correspondence between the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Trenchard Craven Fowle), the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain (Hugh Weightman), the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (Roland Tennyson Peel, John Percival Gibson), the Secretary to the Government of India, External Affairs Department (Sir Aubrey Metcalfe), the Shaikh of Bahrain (Shaikh Ḥamad bin ‘Īsá Āl Khalīfah), Bahrain Petroleum Company (Hamilton R Ballantyne, Fred A Davies, Max W Thornburg), and Petroleum Concessions Limited (Frank Holmes, John Skliros) regarding the Shaikh of Bahrain’s proposal to grant a concession for the whole of the unallotted area, including the Hawar Islands, to the Bahrain Petroleum Company and His Majesty’s Government’s approval of the proposal.
Following on from the approval of the proposal to grant a concession to the Bahrain Petroleum Company (BAPCO) the correspondence focuses on discussion around the proposed agreement, to take the form of a deed of modification to BAPCO’s 1934 lease and the political agreement which would accompany the concession. The main areas of discussion including the definition of the area the concession would cover, and the need to include a pre-emption clause in the political agreement. Copies, in Arabic and English, of the draft deed of modification (ff 146-161, 170-180, 218-227) and draft political agreement (ff 133-139) are included in the volume.
Also discussed in the volume is the conclusion of the sovereignty question relating to the Hawar Islands following the submission by the Shaikh of Qatar (Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī) of a response to the counter-claims made by the Shaikh of Bahrain. On reviewing both claims and supporting evidence His Majesty’s Government's final decision was that islands belonged to Bahrain and not Qatar.
Also included in the volume are copies of draft concession agreements put forward by Petroleum Concessions Limited including one for the Hawar Islands (ff 8-26) and one for the waters and islands of Bahrain, described as the shoal area (ff 44-65).
A series of file notes which were maintained as a record of the correspondence in the volume can be found at folios 242-248
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (251 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the file.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 253; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 6-241; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.
- Written in
- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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- front, back, spine, edge, head, tail, front-i, 2r:6v, 27r:39v, 42r:42v, 73r:132v, 140r:145v, 162r:168v, 183r:207v, 209r:217v, 231r:233v, 237r:252v, back-i
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