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'B. 56. Confidential 86/14 - v. BAHRAIN UNALLOTED AREA.' [‎102r] (208/510)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (251 folios). It was created in 14 Feb 1939-2 Aug 1939. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Translation of a testimonial of evidence submitted
with the Huler of Qatar’s letter dated 30th March 1939.
We the undersigned according to the best of our
knowledge and the firmly established facts take an oath by
-od and say that the Hawar Islands were never subject to
Bahrain, and the Rulers oi Bahrain never had authority in
them, and never took possession or any actions in these
islands in the past. We witness and confirm that the Hav/ar
Islands are subject to Qatar and inseparably attached to it
and owned by its ruler. Whatever different allegations is
made is false, and we also confirm that these Islands was
not inhabited in the manner which is alle ed, but it was
as other islands irequented by fishermen who come to it
durirg the -ishing season and leave it in the diving season.
•* e ^Iso witness that the allegations made by the signatories
of the document in respect to Hawar are false, and if it be
true that they are of those who frequent the islands then
they cannot be any other than those who temporarily come
to the islands for fishing during the time in which they
are free of the pearl-fishing season, and we also testify
that they live in Bahrain permanently, their boats and im
movable properties and places are all there. We write this
testimonial for the purpose of stating the facts and for
submitting the evidence v/hich we possess about a firm and
real matter.
Dated 25th Muharram 1358 (16.3.1939)
1. Khalifah bin Mubarak bin Hitmi
. 2. Ibrahim bin Nasr
3. Ali bin Sultan bin Ali
4. Shahin el-Asiri
5. Yusuf bin Ahmed el-Sulaiti
6. Muhammad bin Khalifah el-Suwaidi '
7. Ibrahim bin Abdulla el-Hasawi
8. Khalid bin Ali el-Khulaifi
9. Abdullah bin Khamis el-Khulaifi
10. Muhammad bin Sultan el-Suwadi
11. Muhammad bin Rashid el Ashri
12- Muhammad bin Khalid el-Suwaidi
13. Muhammad bin Mu11a Ibrahim
14. Nasir bin Sultan el-Suwaidi
15. Ahmed bin Ali el-3ulaiti
16. Abdulla bin Mulla Ibrahim
17. Muhammad bin Nasr bin Bakht.

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The volume comprises correspondence between the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Trenchard Craven Fowle), the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain (Hugh Weightman), the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (Roland Tennyson Peel, John Percival Gibson), the Secretary to the Government of India, External Affairs Department (Sir Aubrey Metcalfe), the Shaikh of Bahrain (Shaikh Ḥamad bin ‘Īsá Āl Khalīfah), Bahrain Petroleum Company (Hamilton R Ballantyne, Fred A Davies, Max W Thornburg), and Petroleum Concessions Limited (Frank Holmes, John Skliros) regarding the Shaikh of Bahrain’s proposal to grant a concession for the whole of the unallotted area, including the Hawar Islands, to the Bahrain Petroleum Company and His Majesty’s Government’s approval of the proposal.

Following on from the approval of the proposal to grant a concession to the Bahrain Petroleum Company (BAPCO) the correspondence focuses on discussion around the proposed agreement, to take the form of a deed of modification to BAPCO’s 1934 lease and the political agreement which would accompany the concession. The main areas of discussion including the definition of the area the concession would cover, and the need to include a pre-emption clause in the political agreement. Copies, in Arabic and English, of the draft deed of modification (ff 146-161, 170-180, 218-227) and draft political agreement (ff 133-139) are included in the volume.

Also discussed in the volume is the conclusion of the sovereignty question relating to the Hawar Islands following the submission by the Shaikh of Qatar (Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī) of a response to the counter-claims made by the Shaikh of Bahrain. On reviewing both claims and supporting evidence His Majesty’s Government's final decision was that islands belonged to Bahrain and not Qatar.

Also included in the volume are copies of draft concession agreements put forward by Petroleum Concessions Limited including one for the Hawar Islands (ff 8-26) and one for the waters and islands of Bahrain, described as the shoal area (ff 44-65).

A series of file notes which were maintained as a record of the correspondence in the volume can be found at folios 242-248

Extent and format
1 volume (251 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 253; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 6-241; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'B. 56. Confidential 86/14 - v. BAHRAIN UNALLOTED AREA.' [‎102r] (208/510), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/692, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 17 October 2019]

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