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'File 1/A/48 III FOOD CONTROL.' [‎133r] (265/560)

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The record is made up of 1 file (278 folios). It was created in 31 Jan 1942-8 Aug 1942. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Confidential
No.C/512-34/3o
To,
/bo
British Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. ,
Sharjah,
24th LLay 1942©
The political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. ,
Bahrain.
Memorandum
Reference your Express
May 1942.
Letter No.C/679 dated
1 °
the 18th
2o I beg to explain that the figures of imports into
Sharjah and Dubai for ten months since duly 1941 cannot be taken
as correct figure on which one can base future requirements. As
you may know the merchants had large quantities of rice stored
in their godowns before the war started and their prices were
less than the rice they were importing from India. Therefore the
quantity imported during the war was less than the actual require!
-ments of the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. . As the quantity imported was less th
that the actual requirements, the merchants used to make up the
deficiency from the quantity they had in their stores ancftthis
manner the quantity they had in their stores began to decrease
and the demand for more imports increased. Rice is also imported
in large Xts quantity into the rest of the Trucial Shaikhdoms
besides Sharjah and Dubai. For this reason I accepted the figures
as correct estimate of actual needs of the tahole population of
the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. taking into consideration the number of the
population and not the amount of rice/tHah*|wab imported and for
which we had no correct figures for tfche^ifHole Trucial coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. . The
merchants have been complaining since ^pst year that they were
not getting till the goods they have been ordering owing to shipp-
i^ig difficulties and that on certain occasions they were compell-
ed A the goods in India to avoid extra charges while the goods were
awaiting shipment indefinitely.
3. The Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. supplies the inhabitants(including
bedouins) of the area from Khor fwalba to Khor al Udaid near Qatar
on the Coast and from Ibri to Dhank in the Dhahrah to Buraimi
Oasis the population of which is estimated to be not less than
250,000 souls. As it is well known the Arabs of the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates.
depend chiefly on rice and dates. They take two meals during the
day and each person require at least one pound of rice for the
two meals or half a pound for one meal. Thus if we estimate thfi
population of this area to be 224,000 souls we find that we
require ICO tons daily or 3000 tons monthly.
4. It is not clear to me from the Government of India's
telegram No.3698 dated 11th Way 1942 how 3030 tons would provide
for about,■ 800,000 souls.
*0
Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent,Sharjah

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Content

The file concerns the effects of the implementation of controls on the import and export of food and other commodities in Bahrain and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. during the Second World War (1939-45).

The main correspondents are the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain (Edward Birkbeck Wakefield); the Government of India; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent, Sharjah; the Adviser to the Government of Bahrain (Charles Dalrymple Belgrave); the Food Controller, Bahrain (Claud Cranbrook Lewis deGrenier); and the Director of Customs and Port Officer, Bahrain (also deGrenier).

The papers include: Food Controller's report for the year 1941 (folios 2-9); correspondence between Petroleum Concessions (Qatar) Limited, and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain concerning difficulties caused by the curtailment of the company's supplies by the Food Controller, Bahrain (folios 10-29); the legal implications of hoarding, and related matters (folios 31-33); report by the Food Controller on stocks of food in Bahrain (folio 42); report on control of exports from Bahrain (folios 51-52); statistics of average monthly consumption of staple commodities in Bahrain, and minimum annual requirements of foodstuffs and textiles (folios 61-63); copy of regulation making all exports dependent on the permission of the Food Controller (folios 68-70); the support of the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain for a petition from a group of merchants to allow the re-export of piece goods (folios 75-77); correspondence from the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent, Sharjah detailing commodities required for consumption on the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ; correspondence concerning acute shortages of wheat and flour in Bahrain; correspondence concerning 'famine' conditions on the coast of Persia (e.g. folios 96-98); an estimate of the wartime increase in the cost of living in Bahrain (folio 107); the difficulties faced by Bahrain merchants in exporting goods to India, including an allegation that they needed to give bribes to customs officials at Karachi (folios 158-159, 163-165); a confidential memorandum critical of the Food Controller, Bahrain (folio 169); the use of Bahrein Petroleum Company (BAPCO) tankers for the transportation of foodstuffs (e.g. folios 185-186); and the effect on Bahrain of food shortages in India (folio 220).

The Arabic language content of the volume consists of a single letter (with English translation) on folio 90.

The date range gives the covering dates of the correspondence; the last addition to the file is an entry in the notes on folio 279 dated 9 August 1942.

Extent and format
1 file (278 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the front to the rear of the file, except where enclosures of an earlier date are filed after their relevant covering letter, and terminate in a set of notes (folios 249-279). Circled serial numbers in red crayon refer to entries in the notes.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 280; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 1-279; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 1/A/48 III FOOD CONTROL.' [‎133r] (265/560), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/171, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100028495404.0x000042> [accessed 15 December 2019]

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