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'File 1/A/48 III FOOD CONTROL.' [‎169r] (337/560)

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The record is made up of 1 file (278 folios). It was created in 31 Jan 1942-8 Aug 1942. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Confidential,
Almost all the merchants of Bahrain are bitterly
complaining against the Food Controller’s misjudgment in fixing
the rate of different commodities for sale in Bahrain, Owing to
the mis-management of the Food Controller, the merchants have
t
stopped importing any goods into Bahrain because if they import
the goods they have, as they say, to sell them at a loss. The
export of goods from India is extremely difficult and it is not
also easy to export anything without a licence, but the merchants’
agents can manage to export any kind of goods to Bahrain and
other places by paying bribes to the officials in charge of *
permits.
export jauxixx/In Bahrain the Food Controller who pretends to be
ignorant of the state of affairs in India allows only 10 % profit
to the merchants according to the inyoices which come from India
in which the amount of bribes paid for facilitating the export
is not mentioned. They say that there is no reason why there
should be a shortage of flour in Bahrain whereas flour is very
abundant^and other places. The people of Bahrain are now bringing
flour in half bags from A1 Khobar and Ojair for their consumption.
They quote as an example of the difficulty of exporting foodstuffs~
from India without payment of bribes that the Manager of Dhamanmal
Isardas who left for India about 3 months ago for the purpose of
purchasing rice, etc. for the Bahrain Government has not so far
been able to ship for Bahrain a single bag of rice or flour
whereas every ship that sails from India for the Gulf brings J
foodstuffs for Dubai, Kuwait and other places. The merchants say
that they are ready to import flour or any other kind of food
stuffs provided that the Food Controller allows them to add to the
price a reasonable sum which they say they must ivariably spend
in India on obtaining export permits.

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Content

The file concerns the effects of the implementation of controls on the import and export of food and other commodities in Bahrain and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. during the Second World War (1939-45).

The main correspondents are the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain (Edward Birkbeck Wakefield); the Government of India; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent, Sharjah; the Adviser to the Government of Bahrain (Charles Dalrymple Belgrave); the Food Controller, Bahrain (Claud Cranbrook Lewis deGrenier); and the Director of Customs and Port Officer, Bahrain (also deGrenier).

The papers include: Food Controller's report for the year 1941 (folios 2-9); correspondence between Petroleum Concessions (Qatar) Limited, and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain concerning difficulties caused by the curtailment of the company's supplies by the Food Controller, Bahrain (folios 10-29); the legal implications of hoarding, and related matters (folios 31-33); report by the Food Controller on stocks of food in Bahrain (folio 42); report on control of exports from Bahrain (folios 51-52); statistics of average monthly consumption of staple commodities in Bahrain, and minimum annual requirements of foodstuffs and textiles (folios 61-63); copy of regulation making all exports dependent on the permission of the Food Controller (folios 68-70); the support of the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain for a petition from a group of merchants to allow the re-export of piece goods (folios 75-77); correspondence from the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent, Sharjah detailing commodities required for consumption on the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ; correspondence concerning acute shortages of wheat and flour in Bahrain; correspondence concerning 'famine' conditions on the coast of Persia (e.g. folios 96-98); an estimate of the wartime increase in the cost of living in Bahrain (folio 107); the difficulties faced by Bahrain merchants in exporting goods to India, including an allegation that they needed to give bribes to customs officials at Karachi (folios 158-159, 163-165); a confidential memorandum critical of the Food Controller, Bahrain (folio 169); the use of Bahrein Petroleum Company (BAPCO) tankers for the transportation of foodstuffs (e.g. folios 185-186); and the effect on Bahrain of food shortages in India (folio 220).

The Arabic language content of the volume consists of a single letter (with English translation) on folio 90.

The date range gives the covering dates of the correspondence; the last addition to the file is an entry in the notes on folio 279 dated 9 August 1942.

Extent and format
1 file (278 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the front to the rear of the file, except where enclosures of an earlier date are filed after their relevant covering letter, and terminate in a set of notes (folios 249-279). Circled serial numbers in red crayon refer to entries in the notes.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 280; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 1-279; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 1/A/48 III FOOD CONTROL.' [‎169r] (337/560), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/171, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100028495404.0x00008a> [accessed 4 April 2020]

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