'11/5 Negotiations with Ibn Saud regarding Boundaries of Saudi Arabia' [42r] (83/430)
The record is made up of 1 file (212 folios). It was created in Mar 1944-4 Sep 1949. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
until the Company s programre of geophysical exploration has
been completed and the more promising structures tested by
sinking a well.
As regards the intentions of the Arabian American people
are, ^relatively speaking, in the dark. Oil has been or-oved’
at Qatit, Dammam and Abqaiq lying in the coastal area of the
Arabian mainland roughly west of Bahrein' Island. How ARAfiCO
assess the possibilities elsewhere in their concession area we
do^ not know and we have no means of telling where they are
likely to concentrate their search in the next year or two"
They^have shown some exploration activity at the head of
the Bahr As Salwa which is, of course, quite close to the Qatar
concession boundary; it is natural that they should be inter
ested in the possibilities here in view of the alignment of the
structures tn ^atar and Bahrain, but we have no evidence
oO show they are c mcentrating on this area more than
I feel I should mention, at this stage the possibility that
.rontier questions may be complicated by the implications of
the recent American and Mexican declaration claiming jurisdiction
over the sea bed opposite their coasts as far out as the 100
fathom line. If H.i-.G. associates itself with the princioles
of the American action the whole of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. will, as you
are well aware, come within the definition of M continental
as being shallower than 100 fathoms. A partioning of
the sea bed of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. would be the logical conclusion
and land under the waters of the Gulf of Bahrain seems likely to
be an area of prime interest to oil companies.
,J^n r0 ^ g ^ g r SUggest f, that the Possibility does exist
v u G 9 ? n( ? operations might converge in the neigh
bourhood o_ Balwa v Elsewhere the possibility of overlapping
between the operations of the two companies seems relatively
remote. V/e have good reason to believe that P.C.L. at present
do nov, contemplate exploration ordevelopment in the hinterland
? t ^ e c ? a , st ^ running from the Qatar peninsula through
-he Trucial sheikhdoms, Muscat and Oman. Their Views may
cnange as they gather knowledge, from their geophysical research,
but ’ L ° r Present at any rate, they are not interested in
any area lying inland from even the outermost Saudi Arabian
frontier discussed in the Foreign Office Memorandum of 30th
is mentioned in your letter, i.e. the approxi-
ma.e line claimed as a frontier by Ibn S a ud on the 3rd April
^i^ that any pooling or joint operation arrange
me.its on the lines contemplated in paragraph 4 of your letter J
? ppea ^ t ° * • or ABAI»:C0. There are no/ trade connec-
iions between the American components in each of these croups
or between tne two groups themselves; in fact, competition
oet.veen .he two is one of the problems of the future. Moreover,
joint arrangements of this kind have been ttfied and, in /many
cases, have come to grief from internal stresses caused by a
f ivergence between the interests of the component groups. The
Aneiloonm? 1 . etr0lel i m ^^ission contemplated by the'Anglo-
Anerican Oil Agreement might possibly help in finding a '
?- t0 a conflict of interests of this kind, but, with the
will^h^r 0 ?-ft C vJ eS ^' it ls ? pen t0 ^^bt whether the Agreement
win be ratiiied by the Americans.
the i T ~V r 2 re § oi, ? c ls nec03S arily rather speculative. From
j ^ on poin. of view we would tend to favour settlement of the
About this item
The file comprises correspondence, memoranda, maps, and other papers relating to questions over the position of Saudi Arabia’s south-eastern frontier adjoining Qatar and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. shaikhdoms, notably Abu Dhabi. Negotiations over the frontier had long been deferred by British Government officials, as a result of the Ruler of Saudi Arabia ‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd’s [Ibn Saud] firm stance in negotiations before the Second World War. However, the need for a resolution became increasingly apparent as a result of ongoing oil exploration in Saudi Arabia by the Arabian American Oil Company (Aramco), and exploration in Qatar and Abu Dhabi by Petroleum Concessions Limited (PCL). The principal correspondents in the file include: representatives of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , Foreign Office, Ministry of Fuel and Power; the British Legation at Jedda; the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain; and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
The file includes:
- correspondence, dating from 1944 and 1945, between British Government officials in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Foreign Office, discussing the previous difficulties encountered in negotiating Saudi Arabia’s south-eastern frontiers with Ibn Saud, and the agreement that further negotiations be left until after the event of Ibn Saud’s death (ff 2-29);
- correspondence from late 1945 through 1947, between Government officials on the possible establishment of a neutral zone between Aramco’s concession area in Saudi Arabia, and PCL’s concession area in Qatar. Also, there is some discussion of Aramco’s proposals to begin seabed exploration off the eastern coast of Saudi Arabia (ff 36-59);
- PCL’s request for permission to conduct seismic surveys at the southernmost limit of their concession area in Qatar (ff 76-95);
- reports of Aramco survey parties making incursions into PCL’s concession areas in Qatar and Abu Dhabi (ff 104-127);
- Government criticism of PCL’s delay in exploiting its concession areas in Qatar and Abu Dhabi (f 133);
- preparations in August 1949 for the reopening of frontier negotiations with the Saudi Government in Jedda. Papers include: a copy of a confidential memorandum with map, dated 2 February 1948, on the south-eastern frontier of Saudi Arabia, prepared by J E Cable of the Eastern Department of the Foreign Office (ff 164-169; copy also at ff 87-91); three further confidential memoranda with maps, prepared by the Eastern Department in 1940, outlining past and present negotiations on the position of the south-eastern frontiers of Saudi Arabia (ff 170-180, ff 181-185, ff 186-188); proposals to send representatives from Qatar and Abu Dhabi to the Jedda negotiations (ff 190-203).
- Extent and format
- 1 file (212 folios)
The file’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end. The file notes at the end of the file (ff 204-212) mirror the chronological arrangement.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. This file has the following foliation anomaly: 111A. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 4-203; these numbers are also written in pencil, and can be found in the same position as the main sequence, but they are not circled. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.
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