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'File 3/4 Relations with Persia' [‎19r] (37/274)

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The record is made up of 1 file (135 folios). It was created in 31 Dec 1928-20 Aug 1949. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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suffice if a reciprocal undertaking was given by hie
Uujeety'B Government to reepeot the territorial
integrity of yeroia: but the iJ i?rBian oovermaent
pointed out that thin would Inpose unilateral obli
gations on Persia since the states unoer special
treaty relations would not liave to give any
reciprocal undertaking to respect the territorial
integrity of Persia. You will see therefore tluit'in
the clause as now drafted the addition has been made
"in his own nane and in the name of those states and
"territories to which this article refers": that is
to say, it is proposed that liis uajesty's oovermaent
should give an undertaking on behalf of the
Sultan of Muscat
phalkh of Baiirain r to respect the territorial inacpend
f^ml idi o/ Kuwait
ence of Persia. in order to enable them to do this,
it is considered cieolrabre that they Bhould obtain the
requisite authority from the rulers concerned.
1 an therefore to request that you will obtain a
Bahrain authorising Hin iiajesty*e uovsrnnent to sign
Kuwait
the non-aggresalon clause, in t^ie sense of the draft
which has been coiomunicated to him, on hin behalf.
Vhe Kon’ble the Political Hesident would be glad if
you would obtain U*e requisite undertaking with os
little delay as possible and ifii'orm him by telegram
when it lias been signed: considerable progress, it
1b believed, is being made with ti« Persian negotiations
and it is essential that the formal assent of the
rulers concerned should be obtained as soon as possible.
formal letter from the * I * * 4
tjult an o f unsea t or Muscat
Q>£isor“
r lml kh" oT
I have the honour to be,
:Ur,
Xour moot obedient servant
4 Captain,
for Secretary to the Political itesioent
in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .

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Content

This file concerns Britain's relations with Persia (also referred to as Iran in some of the correspondence). It includes the following:

  • cases of Persian customs authorities reportedly inhibiting (and in some cases preventing altogether) the passage of persons travelling between Persia and Kuwait, allegedly because of the Persian Government's claim that Kuwait is part of Persian territory;
  • a copy of a non-aggression clause, written in 1930 and taken from a draft of a proposed treaty between Britain and Persia;
  • copies of correspondence between the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and the Foreign Office regarding whether or not the rulers of Muscat, Bahrain, and Kuwait should cancel their respective existing proclamations that give Persian vessels rights to inspect Arab dhows outside Persian territorial waters;
  • a copy of a draft of Iran's 1942 treaty of alliance with Britain and the Soviet Union;
  • copies of correspondence dating from 1934 between the British Legation, Tehran, and the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs [Sir John Simon], regarding Britain's response to the Persian Government's refusal to recognise certain agreements between Britain and the Arab rulers of the Gulf, which give Britain the right to represent the latter in their foreign relations.

Other subjects of correspondence include the anticipated revision in (1947) of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company's concession of 1933 and the presence of Iranian Airways in Kuwait.

The principal correspondents are the following: the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait; the Secretary of State for India; the British Legation, Tehran; the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; the Foreign Office; the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; the Commonwealth Relations Office; the Ruler of Kuwait, Shaikh Ahmad al-Jabir as-Sabah [Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ].

Extent and format
1 file (135 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 137; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two previous foliation sequences, both of which are written in pencil (the set from ff 1-136 are circled, the set from ff 4-122 are not), have been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 3/4 Relations with Persia' [‎19r] (37/274), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/174, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100029517580.0x000026> [accessed 18 October 2019]

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