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'The Trucial Chiefs, 1908-28' [‎55r] (5/8)

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The record is made up of 1 file (4 folios). It was created in 4 Oct 1928. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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5
unfoi tunately prove not to be the case (cp. para. 39 of Memorandum on Henjam
on page 0). The incident, and its reactions on the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. , on which
as the Government of India remarked, “ anti-Persian feeling is always a
matter of concern to us, and any anti-Persian ebullition might lead to
serious embarrassment,”® illustrate, in any event, the difficulty of the * Tel. from viceroy,
situation to which action, however justified, by Persia may give rise, where m^p’siT 18
the Trucial Arabs are concerned. ‘ > • '•
20. The Tamb incident is dealt with in paras. 33 and 34 of the
Memorandum on the Status of Tamb, &c„ on p. “ Jt will be seen that it
was with great difficulty that the Sheikhs affected by the Persian arrest of
the dhow in question were restrained from undertaking reprisals against
Persia; that the Persian claim to the islands of Tamb and Abu Musa which
have been recognised by His Majesty’s Government as Trucial territories
remains to be disposed of, and that the question of compensation to the
bheikhs and to the owner of the dhow and his passengers is still unsettled.
Persia and the independence of the Trucial Chiefs.
21. £he newspaper Habl-id-Matin, which is understood to derive Tei. from Poi.
inspiration from the juglicst (juartors, so long 3^0 &s JS^ovcinbGr 19^7 R e8 *fc°s. ot s.
included in a list of Persian desiderata the “renewal of the Protectorate of ^ 7 Sept ' 25 1928 >
Persia oyer Muscat and other small Sheikhs of the coast of Oman.” The
fust official indication of a I ersian claim of this nature arose, however in
connection with the Tamb incident in August 1928, when the Acting Minister
of Foreign Affairs formally stated in a Note that “ the Persian Government Teh. tei. to f.o,
cannot recognise as independent and owner of the said islands ” the Sheikh pV-o *' 31 1928 ’
on whose behalf representations have been made by His Majesty’s Government,
and added that in consequence “ my Government cannot in any way approve
the attitude that the British Government have adopted on the pretext of
having treaties with the above-mentioned Sheikh, and cannot accept resultino-
•declaration which you make of protecting him.” &
22. The Note left room for doubt as to whether the Persian challenge
of the independence of the Sheikh in question was directed to his status
as legalds lamb and Abu Musa, to which a claim is preferred by Persia
or to his status as a Trucial Chief on the Arab Coast. The Charge d’Affaires
at Teheran was, however, instructed in reply to communicate officially the
text of the Exclusive Agreement of 1892 with all the Trucial Chiefs, and to
state that His Majesty’s Government entirely failed to understand the
Persian statement, and could not admit direct dealings between the Chiefs
and the^ Persian Government. The Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
added, “ You will realise that vis-d-vis of Foreign Powers, there is no
distinction for a purpose like the present between the Sheikh of Ras-al-
Khaima and the other Trucial Chiefs, and effect of Persian Note is to s^t.'fiS.
challenge oui light to protect any of them from external aggression
the status of 11 is Majesty s Government on the Arabian coast is not open
to discussion, nor can they recognise any Persian claim on that side of
the Gulf.”
23. A leisian reply, holding to the views expressed in their earlier Note
and adding that “all agreements made with Trucial Chiefs which harm or
limit the lights and interests of Persia cannot be recognised as valid or
legally be cited as reason for measures against Persian Government ” has
since been leceiyed. The Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. reports, moreover, that the
Governor of Bushire is alleged to have received instructions from Teheran
that Persia recognises no Arab rulers on the Arab coast of the Gulf and
that all persons belonging to and arriving from Katr and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. (as
from Muscat, Koweit and Bahrein) are to be considered Persian subjects and
Persian passports issued to them. It seems clear in the circumstances that
the possibility of a formal claim by Persia to suzeraintv on the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates.
whether based on her temporary control of portions of that coast in the early
eighteenth century! or on intrigues such as that unsuccessfully undertaken t Lor. i, «3i.
by the Sartip on her behalf in 1887,+ and subsequently repudiated bv the
Persian Government, cannot be ignored. The seriousness of the issues to t Lor ->\ 737.
which such a claim would give rise, if pressed, needs no emphasis.
Teh. tel. 27S,
Sept. 21 1028,
P. 5159.
Tel. from I'ol. Ite8.
to S. of S. for I.,
T. 359, Sept. 17 1928,
P. 5093.

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Content

Memorandum providing an overview of the external developments which took place in the Trucial States, covering 1908-28, and how problems presented by the States stand at the time of writing.

Covering:

  • introduction – to the memorandum itself; Trucial Chiefs; administration; responsibility of political control by the Government of India; and political expenditure;
  • internal History, 1908-28 – noting it is not to be repeated in this memorandum, but does include a section on an agreement concerning oil concessions;
  • external developments affecting the Trucial Sheikhs, 1908-28 – the rise of Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and activity of the Wahabis [Wahhabis]; the reassertion of Persian authority in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , particularly Henjam; and Persia challenging the independence of Trucial Chiefs, particularly Tamb;

It includes a summary detailing the problem of Ibn Saud and the Wahabi [Wahhabi] movement, the question of an Imperial air route along the north Arabian coast, and the importance of British influence in the Gulf. A list of points referred to in connection with the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Sub-Committee, and the view expressed by the Government of India are also given.

Written by John Gilbert Laithwaite of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .

Extent and format
1 file (4 folios)
Arrangement

This file consists of a single memorandum.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at f 53, and terminates at f 56, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Pagination: the file also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'The Trucial Chiefs, 1908-28' [‎55r] (5/8), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B403, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100029521286.0x000006> [accessed 11 December 2019]

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