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'The Trucial Chiefs, 1908-28' [‎56r] (7/8)

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The record is made up of 1 file (4 folios). It was created in 4 Oct 1928. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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7
Ibn Sand in the Treaty of Jeddah of 1927 ; and to keep a close watch for
action, whether prompted by Ibn Sand himself or the independent work of
over-zealous lieutenants, which can be regarded as calling for remonstrance,
in view of the terms of the treaty. The value of the constant reminder of
British power which is given by a naval patrol cannot be exaggerated ; the
importance of the support of His Majesty's ships to a ruler threatened by
a fanatical hinterland has been illustrated in recent years, though in different
circumstances, in Muscat. The establishment of an air route, should His
Majesty’s Government decide upon that course, will go some way towards
the assertion on the north Arabian coast of the influence of His Majesty’s
Government. The payment of subsidies to the Chiefs, should that prove
ultimately unavoidable, in connection with the establishment of air stations,
may further be of value in consolidating British influence ; the elimination
of British influence from the south Persian shore, and the possibility that
Persia may question the retention of the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. at Bushire, may lead to
a reconsideration of political arrangements in the Gulf, one effect of which
would be to fix the headquarters of the Resident on or near the Arabian
littoral of the Gulf; but while for the moment the objections urged by the
Government of India to the adoption of the policy of active intervention in
the affairs of the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. suggested by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (para. 1J
above) appear conclusive, the possibility that at some later stage consideration
of that policy may be necessitated by developments which cannot at present
be foreseen, is one which must be faced.
30. To sum up. His Majesty’s Government by their treaty engagements
control the foreign relations of the Trucial Chiefs, to whom, in addition,
they have promised either directly or by implication a degree of protection
which it is difficult precisely to define. Their written engagements to
the Chiefs have been supplemented by utterances such as that made by
Lord Curzon, when Viceroy of India, on his visit to the Gulf in 1903,
an appeal to the terms of which has so recently as the summer of
the present year' ::: * been made by certain of the Chiefs affected. The
original reason for contracting the engagements in question was the
suppression of piracy, the slave traffic and the arms traffic, and the
preservation of the maritime peace of the Gulf. In the changed circumstances
of the present day, those arguments for the maintenance of a predominant
British influence are supplemented by the wider political considerations
referred to in para. 21 above. But the change in the general situation
which has made the maintenance of British influence on the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates.
of greater general importance from the Indian and the Imperial point of
view is accompanied by the probable necessity of facing wider liabilities,
or of interpreting in a more generous or a more binding manner the
obligations of His Majesty’s Government for the defence of the interests of
the Sheikhs protected.
V.—Points referred to in connection with Deliberations of the
Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Sub-Committee.
31. The following points have been specifically referred to in connection
with the deliberations of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Sub-Committee :—
(a) On the Arabian coast Koweit and the so-called Trucial Chiefs are
continually threatened by Ibn Saud. Is the maintenance of their
independence necessary for British purposes, and, if so, how is it
to be secured? (P.G. 3 Yin.)
.(b) Policy of His Majesty’s Government vis-d-vis Ibn Saud, with
particular reference to . . . Trucial Chiefs and air route.
(P.G. 6, 2 (c), 1.)
(c) Policy of His Majesty’s Government towards the Trucial Chiefs
(compare Colonel Haworth’s proposal for a greater degree of
inlerference and support, with a view to securing that they shall
not be absorbed by Ibn Saud). (P.G. 6, 2 (c) 2.)
{d) Steps necessary on the north Arabian coast in connection with
slavery (and arms traffic). (P.G. (3, 2 (c), 3.)
Lor. i, 2638-9.
* Tel. from S.N.O.
to Adlty., 1739/30,
July 30"l928, P.4017

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Content

Memorandum providing an overview of the external developments which took place in the Trucial States, covering 1908-28, and how problems presented by the States stand at the time of writing.

Covering:

  • introduction – to the memorandum itself; Trucial Chiefs; administration; responsibility of political control by the Government of India; and political expenditure;
  • internal History, 1908-28 – noting it is not to be repeated in this memorandum, but does include a section on an agreement concerning oil concessions;
  • external developments affecting the Trucial Sheikhs, 1908-28 – the rise of Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and activity of the Wahabis [Wahhabis]; the reassertion of Persian authority in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , particularly Henjam; and Persia challenging the independence of Trucial Chiefs, particularly Tamb;

It includes a summary detailing the problem of Ibn Saud and the Wahabi [Wahhabi] movement, the question of an Imperial air route along the north Arabian coast, and the importance of British influence in the Gulf. A list of points referred to in connection with the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Sub-Committee, and the view expressed by the Government of India are also given.

Written by John Gilbert Laithwaite of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .

Extent and format
1 file (4 folios)
Arrangement

This file consists of a single memorandum.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at f 53, and terminates at f 56, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Pagination: the file also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'The Trucial Chiefs, 1908-28' [‎56r] (7/8), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B403, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100029521286.0x000008> [accessed 10 December 2019]

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