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'British Policy in the Yemen' [‎97r] (3/8)

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The record is made up of 1 file (4 folios). It was created in 09 Sep 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Italian merchant was living in Sanaa and was able to make commercial
deals for that Ruler which won his confidence.
1 believe that Italy’s connection with the Idrisi was severed after the
conclusion of peace with Turkey, but 1 know that during our pourparlers of
recent date an Arab was despatched from Massowah to Sabia to see the
Idrisi, who, although he professes at this junction supreme contempt for the
Italians, remembers thar country’s liberality qua guns and ammunition
when he was a coadjutor v. the Turks. The Idrisi still hankers after Italian
guns to which his men are accustomed, though it is true that, so far as we
know, he prefers to make his requisition for them through us.
Were Italy able to get a footing along the Red Sea Arabian littoral, her
role as an arbiter in Islamic matters would be unquestioned and her position
across the water in Abyssinia would be consolidated.
If we do not wish to extend our influence materially as well as morally
in Arabia, we can hardly object to Italy's programme, but 1 think the times
demand new measures. There can never be an “ Independent Arabia.”
The idea is unthinkable. The net result would be chaos and confusion
worse confounded. The Turkish rule in the Yemen though bad, inspired
fear, and on their retreat from these scenes, bloodshed and rapine will
increase. We cannot suffer anarchy across, and contiguous to, our protected
borders. I therefore attach a memorandum on our present policy and trust
that my connection with this tract since 1897 may be sufficient excuse
for my hazarding a few suggestions.
II. F. Jacob, Lieut.-Colonel,
Aden, First Assistant Resident, Aden.
8th September 1915.

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The file contains an introduction by Major-General Sir George John Younghusband, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Aden, introducing two memoranda written by Lieutenant Harold Fenton Jacob, First Assistant Resident, Aden. They are addressed to the Secretary to the Government of Bombay, Political Department, it concerns Italian influence in the Red Sea, and how it is affecting Arabia after the Second World War.

Enclosure No. 1 'Memorandum on the employment by Italians at Mogadiscio of Askaris from Arabia', dated 8 September 1915, Aden. It concerns an interview held with Colonel Bodrero of the Italian Benadir Colonial Service on the training of Arabs, and their fighting value.

Enclosure No. 2 'Memorandum on the Political Policy of our Hinterland', dated 9 September 1915, Aden. It outlines what will happen politically if Turkey was to retire from Yemen, these being: the Imam of Sanaa [Ṣanʻā'] shifting his headquarters southwards, and taking hold of relinquished areas; conflicting interests of Imam and Idrisi Saiyid of Sabia; and amendments to British policy on expansion and previous agreements with Idrisi and Ibn Nasir Mukbil. Jacob also puts forward his own opinions of the rulers and the Arabs; and suggests future actions such as a strategic railway, raising levies, educating the sons of chieftains, and introducing medical missions.

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1 file (4 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at f 96, and terminates at f 99, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 96-99; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled. Pagination: the file also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

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English in Latin script
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'British Policy in the Yemen' [‎97r] (3/8), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B216, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 February 2020]

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