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'File 1/A/38 II Negotiations with Bin Saud re: Eastern boundary of Saudi Arabia with Qatar & Trucial Oman.' [‎77r] (158/472)

The record is made up of 1 volume (232 folios). It was created in 27 Feb 1935-13 Oct 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Confidential .
D.0*1^0{C/387-1*a/38* Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. ,
Bahrain, the 6 th July 1935.
,(/> yPp>
X s'
Would you pleas^xfefer to the Secretary of State for
Inc, la f 8 telegram Nos 2004 dated the 28th June 1935 and your
telegram No: 587 of the 29th June 1935.
2 * On my own account and for myown information I have
been asking questions about tribes etcetera on the Arab Coast
but not with particular reference to the -&lue bine or other
similar questions. In view of paragraph 2 of the Secretary of
^tate’s telegram above mentioned I feel that I am to be asked to
produce an answer which it is wei nigh im ossible for me to
obtain* I therefore lay myself open to the accusation of
bungling. Therefore, before proceeding to carry out the mission
referred to in your telegram i4 o#587 I wish to put before you
the information that I have at resent and which I am aware
must be known to you.
3. The Shaikh of Qatar claims jurisdiction up to a line
joining S&lwa and Khor al Odaid. Neither he nor the Shaikh of
Abu Dhabi claim jurisdiction south or west of this line or west
of a line running south from Khar al Odaid. Even the Manastlr
who are always credited as bel g a tribe under Abu Dhabi pay
their taxes, such as zakot, to Bin Sa f ud r s agont. The Shaikh of
Abu Dhabi has never clal ed that the Manasir are a tribe under his
exclusive control. The Manasir fere dependent for th ir livllhood
upon pearling and to tint extent only does the Shaikh of Abu
Dhabi control them. I am certain that the Shaikh has no Liwa
agent. He makes no attempt to collect any form of tax from the
lianas ir who live in the Dhafi?§li> except, f course, the usual
/monies
»nourable
;.-Colonel T.C.Fowle, C.B.E.,
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency.
in the Persian u ulf.
Bushire.
f

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Content

The volume concerns the definition of the eastern boundary of Saudi Arabia with Qatar and Trucial Oman, and negotiations over the boundary between British officials and Ibn Saud (also referred to as Bin Saud) [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, King of Saudi Arabia].

The principal correspondents are the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain; HM Minister, Jedda [Jeddah] (Sir Andrew Ryan), later the Chargé d'Affaires, Jeddah (Andrew Spencer Calvert); and senior officials of the Foreign Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Government of India, and the Colonial Office.

The papers cover: Anglo-Saudi negotiations over basing the frontier on the Blue Line [a line drawn by British and Turkish officials in 1913 from the Gulf of Uqair to parallel 20 degrees North, in the Rub al-Khali], and its extension on the side of Aden, the Violet Line; British proposals to base the frontier on a new line, the Green Line; further papers concerning the eastern, south, and south-eastern boundaries of Saudi Arabia; the effect of the proposed boundaries on the sheikhdom of Abu Dhabi; Foreign Office records of discussions between HM Minister, Jedda (Ryan) and the Deputy Saudi Arabian Minister for Foreign Affairs (Fuad Bey Hamza [Fu’ād Ḥamzah]), June-July 1935 (folios 85-102); papers concerning territorial claims of Ibn Saud in eastern and south-eastern Arabia, July 1935 (folios 103-108); investigations into tribal matters (e.g. folio 117); geological surveys and the likely presence of oil in the area (passim); the Qatar boundary (especially folios 136-173); the Qatar oil concession, September 1935 (folios 174-178); and papers concerning an air reconnaissance by British officials, with the assistance of the Royal Air Force (RAF), in order to determine certain key points on the proposed border in the area south of Qatar, October 1935 (folios 196-223).

The Arabic language content of the papers consists of fewer than ten folios, mainly copies of correspondence between Ibn Saud and the Ruler of Qatar [Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī].

The date range gives the covering dates for the main items of correspondence; the earliest dated document is an enclosure to the first item of correspondence, dated 22 February 1935, and the last dated addition to the file is an entry in the notes on folio 229 dated 22 October [1935].

Extent and format
1 volume (232 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the front to the back of the file, except where enclosures of an earlier date are filed after their relevant covering letter, and terminate in a set of notes (folios 224-229). Serial numbers in red and blue crayon, in the form 'SNo:', followed by the number, refer to entries in the notes.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 234; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 6-229; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in same position as the main sequence.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 1/A/38 II Negotiations with Bin Saud re: Eastern boundary of Saudi Arabia with Qatar & Trucial Oman.' [‎77r] (158/472), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/158, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100029570722.0x00009f> [accessed 18 October 2019]

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