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File 4327/1911 Part 4 'Turco-Italian War: Red Sea Blockade' [‎30r] (55/140)

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The record is made up of 1 item (70 folios). It was created in Oct 1911-Mar 1912. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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< 'ON l-'I DKNTIAI..
Sir G. Lowther to bir Edward Grey. — {Received February 10, 12*30 p.m.)
(No. 260 Corkstantinople, February 9, 1912, 8*30 p.m
YOU k telegram No. 1 [ ] and my telegram No. 1, Treaty [
1 ollowing for [sic : ? from] consul at Hodeidah, Sth February :—
“ Your telegram No. 3.
“ Town lias no defences, natural or artificial, by sea or by land ; it is partially
walled. One howitzer and one field gun have been now placed near the sea-shore
some distance from, and on either side, that is north and south, of the town. These
guns are concealed among downs and brush, and intended for replying to the fire of
Italian ships within range of 5,000 metres. The southern, eastern [? J, and northern
approaches to the city are guarded by quick-firing mountain guns and small infantry
Two battalions have been distributed throughout the town for the protection of
foreign lives and property, particularly during panic, in the improbable event of
“ Three miles east of the town are situated wells supplying drinking water, where
seven battalions of infantry, one and a-half batteries of quick-firers, and company of
machine guns [are] encamped.
“At Jabanat, north of Hodeidah, there are nine battalions and machine-gun
“I am of opinion that Turkish authorities have means for adequate protection of
British lives and property against the inhabitants, and have [?] assured the district.
“ Please inform me which of His Majesty’s ships is in touch with Hodeidah.”
/ # '
I 12 FEB 1912 ;
151 382

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Part four consists of correspondence relating to an Italian blockade of parts of the Red Sea coast of present-day Saudi Arabia. Several matters are covered by the correspondence:

  • the classification of Turkish grain ships as contraband of war by the Italians;
  • the Italian blockade of Hodeidah [Ḥudaydah] and reported intention of extending it to Jeddah and Yenbo [Yanbuʻ al-Baḥr];
  • the Italian threat to bombard Hodeidah;
  • the appeal for British protection from the British Indian population of the town;
  • impediments to the embarkation of European goods;
  • the British demand for assurances from the Italians that the blockade will not be extended and British Indian subjects will be safe.

The correspondence is mostly between the Turkish Government, Turkish Embassy in London, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Aden, British Embassies at Constantinople and Rome, and the British Consulate at Jeddah.

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1 item (70 folios)
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English and French in Latin script
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File 4327/1911 Part 4 'Turco-Italian War: Red Sea Blockade' [‎30r] (55/140), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/196/4, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 May 2020]

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