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File 4327/1911 Part 4 'Turco-Italian War: Red Sea Blockade' [‎49r] (93/140)

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The record is made up of 1 item (70 folios). It was created in Oct 1911-Mar 1912. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Sir R. Rodd to Sir Edward Grey.—{Received February 6, 2 - 5 p.m.)
(No. 9.) R. Rome, February 6, 1912, 12'20 p.m.
MY immediately preceding telegram [ ].
Italian commandant reports that it was the local authorities at Hodeidah who had
[?] impeded the embarkation of the goods of European subjects on steamers destined
for their removal. He had ordered the “ Piemonte ” to place Europeans in safety,
and to threaten reprisals against forts, barracks, and Government buildings if
embarkation of such goods was further impeded, but not to act on the menace
without further orders. Commandant has asked for instructions as to the
extent of the reprisals sanctioned. Reply from a Ministerial medium was that
forts, barracks, and military edifices might be bombarded with due previous notice to
the consuls and local authorities. Bombardment of military works not having
permanently defensive character should be preceded by orders to destroy them within
a brief specified term. All possible care to be exercised not to damage European
No news has yet been received by the Italian Government of the bombardment of
Hodeidah reported in the French press.
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Part four consists of correspondence relating to an Italian blockade of parts of the Red Sea coast of present-day Saudi Arabia. Several matters are covered by the correspondence:

  • the classification of Turkish grain ships as contraband of war by the Italians;
  • the Italian blockade of Hodeidah [Ḥudaydah] and reported intention of extending it to Jeddah and Yenbo [Yanbuʻ al-Baḥr];
  • the Italian threat to bombard Hodeidah;
  • the appeal for British protection from the British Indian population of the town;
  • impediments to the embarkation of European goods;
  • the British demand for assurances from the Italians that the blockade will not be extended and British Indian subjects will be safe.

The correspondence is mostly between the Turkish Government, Turkish Embassy in London, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Aden, British Embassies at Constantinople and Rome, and the British Consulate at Jeddah.

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1 item (70 folios)
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English and French in Latin script
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File 4327/1911 Part 4 'Turco-Italian War: Red Sea Blockade' [‎49r] (93/140), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/196/4, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 May 2020]

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