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'File 3/8 Affairs of Sh. Khaz`als sons.' [‎47r] (93/508)

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The record is made up of 1 file (252 folios). It was created in 15 Mar 1942-17 Aug 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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7 !
i.
SECRET.
No. C/66.
The TOli'Cic'hX Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. ,
Kuwait.
Dated the 3rd February, 1946.
The Hon’hie the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the
Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , BUSHIRE .
Subject :- Shaikh Abdullah Khaz f al
Sir,
I have the honour to enclose a translation of a letter
received from Sha5-kh Abdullah Khas’al requesting instructions
as to his future actions.
/
2. He has verbally stated
(a) That he will carry on no political activity while in
Kuwait.
(b) That if granted an amnesty and permission to live on
his property in Iran he will assist the Persian Government in
every way provided it does not come under Communist control.
He points out that, when tribes such as the Qashgai who were
persistently anti-British during the war have succeeded in
regaining their "rights", it is an anomaly that the family or
ShaiKh Khaz f al who have always been our friends should not have
regained theirs.
(c) That he has now no property left in f Iraq and that he is
prepared to die fighting for his rights rather than^to continue
his present existence. He appears to be under the impression
that with 500 rifles and the support of the divines of Nejef
he could establish the independence of Khuziztan and maintain
it against the Persian Government and army, provided there was
no hostile interference from British forces.
(d) That if his return to Khuziztan is forbidden^by us and
he is required to reside elsewhere than in Kuwait or in Saudi
Arabia he must either have a stipend from the Income of his
family estates or be reduced to beggary.
3. The bacfcjound to his excapade appears to have been as follows*
He visited Nejef and consulted the 3hia T religious leaders, m
particular Shaikh Abdul Karim Zanjani, and found them concerned
over the future of their faith in Iran in view of Communist
influences and the new Kisrowi religion. I surmise that they
refused to proclaim jehad but suggested to him that, if ne could
take up residence in Khuziztan and form a focus for local feel
ing they were prepared to accord him their backing at the appro
priate time. This accords with an approach previously made to
this Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. by a Shia* divine here on the lines^that,the Arabs
of Khuziztan would welcome independence of Persia and affiliation
with India under British protection.
x"
/'
I have the honour to be,

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Content

This file relates to the heirs of Shaikh Khaz‘al [Khaz‘al bin Jabir bin Merdaw Āl Ka‘bī], the late Arab Shaikh of Mohommerah [Khorramshahr], and their requests for British assistance.

The first few items of correspondence concern Shaikh Khaz‘al's eldest son, Shaikh Chassib bin Khaz‘al [Shaikh Chassib bin Khaz‘al Āl Ka‘bī], who is now living in Iraq and who is reported to have requested permission from the British Embassy at Baghdad to enter Iran (most of the correspondence in this file refers to Iran as Persia), for the purpose of personally pressing his claims to property belonging to his father, which had been sequestered by the late Shah [Reza Shah Pahlavi].

The remainder of the file relates to Shaikh Chassib's brother, Shaikh Abdullah bin Khaz‘al [Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Khaz‘al Āl Ka‘bī], and his wish to return to live in Persia, apparently peacefully, which is treated with suspicion by British officials. Much of the correspondence discusses whether Shaikh Abdullah, who has taken refuge in Kuwait after an unsuccessful attempt to return to live in Persia, should be given a British pension or an allowance, in order to prevent him from attempting to return to Persia, since it is deemed unlikely that he will receive any compensation from the Persian Government for the loss of his father's property.

Also included in the file are a copy of a document from the Combined Intelligence Centre, Iraq, entitled 'The Sheikhdom of Mohammerah A Short History' and a Foreign Office report entitled 'British Relations with Khazal, Sheikh of Mohammerah'.

The principal correspondents are the following: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ; the British Consul, Khorramshahr; the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; the Secretary of State for India; the Foreign Office; His Majesty's Ambassador, Tehran; His Majesty's Ambassador, Baghdad; the Ruler of Kuwait, Shaikh Ahmed al Jabir As-Subah [Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ]; Shaikh Abdullah bin Khaz‘al.

Extent and format
1 file (252 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the front to the rear of the file. Circled serial numbers (red for received correspondence; blue/black for issued correspondence) refer to entries in the notes at the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 254; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Additional foliation sequences, one of which is written in pencil and not circled (between ff 3-131 and ff 143-224), and one of which is written in pencil and circled (between ff 1-253), have been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 3/8 Affairs of Sh. Khaz`als sons.' [‎47r] (93/508), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/178, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100030262303.0x00005e> [accessed 17 June 2024]

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