Skip to item: of 508
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'File 3/8 Affairs of Sh. Khaz`als sons.' [‎175r] (349/508)

This item is part of

The record is made up of 1 file (252 folios). It was created in 15 Mar 1942-17 Aug 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

Transcription

This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

4, On his accession, Sheikh Khazal lost no time in again informing His
Majesty’s Vice-Consul at Mohammerah of his friendship for the British Govern
ment and of his desire to serve them, and in November, 1898, alarmed at the
course of his discussions with the Persian Government, he expressed the wish
to be taken secretly under British protection; he did not press for a written
assurance, nor did he ask for an alliance against the Persian Government, whom Lorimer’s
he professed to have served faithfully and whom he would 1 continue to serve, v a Tr teer, i 7 M
but he thought the British Government should not allow his influence to be et seq VV 5
diminished by the Persian Government. Later he informed the British Resident
in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. that he apprehended an early downfall of the Persian
monarchy, followed by a general scramble and partition of the kingdom, in which
case he was anxious that his lot should be thrown in with the British Government.
Acting on instructions from the British Minister at Tehran, the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency.
informed! the Sheikh in May, 1899, to the following effect Conf. 10039 .
We could not, of course, undertake to maintain the Sheikh against the
Persian Government, nor could we say that, if the latter were to break up,
we could guarantee his independence; the British Government did not con
template such an contingency; but we regarded him as the most influential
person in this part of the world and we intended as far as possible to
support him, believing that it was in the interest of the country that he
should be strong; if ever he wanted our advice we would give it; in return
we expected that he would help us in matters of trade, &c.; he could rely
upon our goodwill at all times, and upon our help whenever we could give
it without ill-faith to the Persian Government.
Ditto, No. 406.
„ 5. In 1902, as a result of expressed fears of Russia, the Sheikh pressed
lor additional and written assurances, and His Majesty’s Minister at Tehran,
jnthe knowledge that a Russian consular officer was to be appointed in Arabistan conf 8215
(w^here Russian trade was non-existent), and in view of the possibility that the Nos - ^ ™
u ^ turn to the Russians for support, urged that something should
be done to instil into the Sheikh real confidence in the strength and resolution
° f u Government, In the result, Sir A. Hardinge addressed a letter
to the Sheikh on the 7th December, 1902 (the text of which is reproduced as
document No. 1 in the annex), assuring him that we would protect Mohammerah Dj tto No. 406.
against naval attack by any foreign Power (whatever might be alleged as pretext
for such action) and, also, as long as he remained faithful to the Shah and
acted according to our advice, we should continue to give him our good offices
and support. Prior to the despatch of this letter, His Majesty’s Minister
informed the Grand Vizier orally that he had no wish to call in question the
Shah s sovereignty over the Sheikh and his people, which His Majesty’s Govern
ment had always recognised; but His Majesty’s Government were determined
to support the Sheikh against attempts by Russian agents to intimidate him
or to insinuate that they could bring pressure to bear on him owing to the
influence which Russia exercised at Tehran. (His Majesty’s Government’s
attitude m the matter was subsequently made clear in writing to the Minister for
Foreign Affairs.)
^ -^ ecem ^ er ’ 1903, His Majesty’s Minister at Tehran proceeded to the
t0 J 11661 ^ he T Vlcer °y’ and on his return journey was visited
by Sheikh Khazal at Mohammerah. The Sheikh then complained that the
Persian Government were not abiding by their undertakings given in the previous
year, both as regards the administration of Customs at Mohammerah and the Conf. 8410
payment of Customs duties by himself, and that they were attemptino* graduallv No - ^ 6 -
to pare away his authority and destroy the prestige on which it rested He
contrasted the measure of support which he obtained from His Maiestv’s Govern
ment with that accorded by them to the Sheikhs of Koweit andf^rein and
asked whether His Majesty s Government would now give him a definite promise
of support m the event of the Persian Government’s repudiating the bargain
they had made with him. In the course of this conversation the Sheikh mentioned
that the Russians were quite prepared to give him promises of protection and
Sir A. Hardinge thought it not improbable that, if we withheld our support from
him, he might enter into some secret arrangement with them After mrwnH-a
tion with the Foreign Office and the Government of India, Sir A Hardine-e
addressed a letter to the Sheikh on the 24th December, 1903 stating that the
latter might rest assured of the support of the British Government so long as
he, on his own side, observed the conditions of the arrangement made with the
Persian Government; the text of this letter is reproduced as document No 2 in
the annex. The reply of the Sheikh to this letter was given orally on his behalf
[32557] b 2
Conf. 8410,
No. 111.

About this item

Content

This file relates to the heirs of Shaikh Khaz‘al [Khaz‘al bin Jabir bin Merdaw Āl Ka‘bī], the late Arab Shaikh of Mohommerah [Khorramshahr], and their requests for British assistance.

The first few items of correspondence concern Shaikh Khaz‘al's eldest son, Shaikh Chassib bin Khaz‘al [Shaikh Chassib bin Khaz‘al Āl Ka‘bī], who is now living in Iraq and who is reported to have requested permission from the British Embassy at Baghdad to enter Iran (most of the correspondence in this file refers to Iran as Persia), for the purpose of personally pressing his claims to property belonging to his father, which had been sequestered by the late Shah [Reza Shah Pahlavi].

The remainder of the file relates to Shaikh Chassib's brother, Shaikh Abdullah bin Khaz‘al [Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Khaz‘al Āl Ka‘bī], and his wish to return to live in Persia, apparently peacefully, which is treated with suspicion by British officials. Much of the correspondence discusses whether Shaikh Abdullah, who has taken refuge in Kuwait after an unsuccessful attempt to return to live in Persia, should be given a British pension or an allowance, in order to prevent him from attempting to return to Persia, since it is deemed unlikely that he will receive any compensation from the Persian Government for the loss of his father's property.

Also included in the file are a copy of a document from the Combined Intelligence Centre, Iraq, entitled 'The Sheikhdom of Mohammerah A Short History' and a Foreign Office report entitled 'British Relations with Khazal, Sheikh of Mohammerah'.

The principal correspondents are the following: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ; the British Consul, Khorramshahr; the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; the Secretary of State for India; the Foreign Office; His Majesty's Ambassador, Tehran; His Majesty's Ambassador, Baghdad; the Ruler of Kuwait, Shaikh Ahmed al Jabir As-Subah [Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ]; Shaikh Abdullah bin Khaz‘al.

Extent and format
1 file (252 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the front to the rear of the file. Circled serial numbers (red for received correspondence; blue/black for issued correspondence) refer to entries in the notes at the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 254; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Additional foliation sequences, one of which is written in pencil and not circled (between ff 3-131 and ff 143-224), and one of which is written in pencil and circled (between ff 1-253), have been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'File 3/8 Affairs of Sh. Khaz`als sons.' [‎175r] (349/508), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/178, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100030262304.0x000096> [accessed 17 June 2024]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100030262304.0x000096">'File 3/8 Affairs of Sh. Khaz`als sons.' [&lrm;175r] (349/508)</a>
<a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100030262304.0x000096">
	<img src="https://iiif.qdl.qa/iiif/images/81055/vdc_100000000831.0x0000a5/IOR_R_15_5_178_0351.jp2/full/!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
</a>
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it.https://www.qdl.qa/en/iiif/81055/vdc_100000000831.0x0000a5/manifestOpen in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image