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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎138r] (280/416)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (203 folios). It was created in 1904-1910. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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3 nr
Consul-General Cox to Sir Edward Grey.—(Received March 15, 9 15 p.m.)
(No 170 ) Bushire, March 15, 1909, 4*10 p.m.
V ' APPARENTLY, as result of Legation telegram to Foreign Office repeated to me
on 6tli March as No. 32, I am ordered to proceed to Mohammerah forthwith to reassure
khei]^ awrence >> ig away) p ut I had intended to proceed by mail steamer on
17th March. Meanwhile, following is purport of representations from the Sheikh
received to-day through Consul at Mohammerah.
1 Sheikh is impatient to make proposed protest to Persian Grovemment regarding
reported Karun Concession. Can he now do so ?^ ^ ^ ^
2 Referring to text of assurances given him by me on 8th December on behalf
of Government, he represents that wording of^ ante-penultimate and penultimate
paraoraphs only safeguards him so long as Persia is on hep feet. He asks urgent y oi
extension of guarantee to cover contingency of Persia ceasing to he a Sovereign State
and occupation or intervention by foreign Powers. The assurance that he particularly
wants is that he and his descendants and tribesmen should be maintained m the
enjoyment of their possessions so long as they remain loyal to British interests an
adV1C 3. He is annoyed at our refusal or neglect to advise him as to whether he should
side with Royalist or Nationalist party. He states that both are appealing to nn m
the name of Persia ; that he must ultimately make a choice, and he feais that if the,
absence of our advice he should choose the wrong horse we might seize the excuse to
withdraw^) ^g^ ^ . g in i mme( h a te need of cash for improvements, and he
reiterates his previous request for a loan, adding that if we are not prepared to make
it we must not object to his getting it elsewhere.
He begs that I will come to Mohammerah as soon as possible and bring
authoritative reply on above points. .
(Addressed to Legation ; repeated to India and Foreign Office.)

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The correspondence discusses the situation regarding British assurances to the Sheikh of Mohammerah. The volume includes a description of the Sheikh's perception that, despite his good behaviour towards the British he has not been afforded the support provided to other Arab sheikhs in the Gulf as in Kuwait or Bahrain. Letters include an account of the explanation given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah that Britain recognized Bahrain and Kuwait as independent, in de jure as well as de facto terms; in contrast the British recognized the Shah's sovereignty over Mohammerah.

The correspondence discusses the practicalities of a customs arrangement between the Shah and the Sheikh of Mohammerah mediated by the British. Letters consider the circumstances under which Britain could intervene militarily to protect its interests in the Karun Valley in the event of disorder arising following interference by the Shah.

The correspondence discusses the scope and form of words of the assurance to be given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah and his male descendants, in the event of disorder following from a change in the Persian regime, be it of a royalist, nationalist, or constitutional nature as well as disputes with Bakhtiari khans.

Correspondents include: Shaikh Khazal Khan, Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. -i-Afra, the Shaikh of Mohammerah; The Confidential Agent of the Shaikh of Mohammerah; Major Percy Zachariah Cox, Her Majesty's Consul at Bushire; Sir Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Acting Consul of Mohammerah.

Each part includes a divider which gives the subject and part numbers, year the subject file was opened, subject heading, and list of correspondence references contained in that part by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (203 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume. The subject 345 (Mohammerah) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/132-133. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 203; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the one leading flyleaf.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎138r] (280/416), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/132, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 July 2024]

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