Skip to item: of 495
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

File 757/1909 'Persian Gulf:- Turkey and Turkish aggression (Occupation of Zakhnuniyeh Island. Attitude in piracy cases. Mudirs at Zubara, Odaid and Wakra) British Relations with Turkey in Persian Gulf' [‎144v] (293/495)

The record is made up of 1 volume (245 folios). It was created in 1909-1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

Nazif Bey, it is true, finally accepted Sheikh Khazal’s explanations and agreed
to consider the incident closed, but lie unconditionally refused to express regret for
the death of the Sheikh’s wife and the destruction of his mother’s house, or to pay
any compensation for the losses suffered by the Sheikh in consequence of the
unjustifiable bombardment of Zain. Further, at the very moment when he was
considering the Sheikh’s explanations with which he owned himself satisfied, his
agents were occupied in subjecting the Sheikh to further petty annoyances in the
matter of the renewal, contrary to the Vali’s promise, of the lawsuit against the
servant of Mirza Hamza, the Sheikh’s agent at Bussorah, of the unjustified destruction,
for the third time since the dispute between the Sheikh and the Vali began, of the
former’s house property on the Ashar Creek and of the raid on Mirza Hamza’s house
and the seizure of his property, on the ground that he had disregarded a summons
for debt which had been issued against him. There can be little doubt that Nazif
Bey was the real instigator of these vexatious proceedings.
A further injustice to the Sheikh has now been committed by the decree recently
issued by the Sublime Porte forbidding the registration of land in the vilayet of
Bussorah in the name of the Sheikh or his representatives, a measure which appears
to be actually contrary to Ottoman law.
Your Excellency should bring these facts to the notice of the Turkish Government,
and inform them that I iis Majesty’s Government are bound, by agreement with the
Sheikh, to use their good offices on his behalf in the event of a dispute with a foreign
Power, that they have most carefully considered the circumstances of his recent
dispute with the Vali of Bussorah, and cau see no justification whatever for the harsh
and aggressive action of the latter, especially in the matter of the attack on Zain, nor
for the recent decree of the Porte regarding the registration of land in the vilayet
of Bussorah. You should add that, in view of their obligations towards the Sheikh,
they cannot allow the status quo on the Shat-el-Arab to be altered to his detriment 1 ,
and you should express the hope that a satisfactory arrangement will be arrived at
with the Sheikh, who has displayed anxiety to live on good terms with his neighbours,
and has shown, throughout recent events, great self-restraint and patience, in marked
contrast—as His Majesty’s Government observe with regret—with the attitude of the
Turkish authorities.
These occurrences, which individually have been the cause of painful surprise to
His Majesty’s Government, have produced, in their cumulative effect, an unfavourable
impression as to the present attitude of the local Ottoman authorities,—an attitude
which appears to be one of hostility and aggression.
His Majesty’s Government cannot believe that this attitude has the approval of
the Central Government, or is based upon their specific instructions. I therefore have
decided to instruct you to communicate a translation of this despatch to the Minister
for Foreign Affairs, in order that his Excellency may be fully apprised of the views of
His Majesty’s Government and of their causes of complaint : in taking this step your
Excellency should explain that His Majesty’s Government have decided to make
friendly representations, believing that the Ottoman Government will redress the
grievances referred to, for a situation of very considerable gravity would of course arise
if they proved to be the result of deliberate and unfriendly policy.
I am, &c.
E. GREY.

About this item

Content

The volume comprises telegrams, despatches, correspondence, memoranda, and notes, relating to the Turkish occupation of Zakhnuniyah Island, the Ottoman attitude towards piracy cases, and the appointment of officials in Zubara, Odeid and Wakra.

The discussion in the volume relates to the Turkish occupation of a disused fort (built by Shaikh Ali bin Khalifah, Ruler of Bahrain) on Zakhnuniyah Island and the placing of Ottoman officials in Zubara, Odeid and Wakra. Correspondence reflects British concerns over Turkish claims to sovereignty in the coastal area of the Qatar Peninsula and how these could best be resisted, particularly in the strategic context of the construction of the Berlin to Baghdad railway. In discussing Zakhnuniyah, reference is made to typed extract of the relevant page (1937) of Lorimer's Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Gazetteer (Geographical and Statistical Volume) which describes how the Dawasir tribe halted there, during the course of their emigration from Najd (see folio 236).

Further discussion surrounds Turkish obstruction of the investigation of cases of piracy in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and the proposed visit of H M S Redbreast to Al Bidaa.

Included in the volume are copies of the Committee for Imperial Defence papers 'Turkish Agression in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. " and 'Local Action in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ' (ff 12-15).

The principal correspondents in the volume include the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir Edward Grey); the Viceroy of India; the ruler of Bahrain; the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait (Captain William Henry Irvine Shakespear); the British Ambassador to Constantinople; His Britannic Majesty's Acting Consul for Arabistan (Lieutenant Arnold Talbot Wilson); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Percy Zachariah Cox); the Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department.

Extent and format
1 volume (245 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 757 ( Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . Turkish Aggression) consists of 1 volume IOR/L/PS/10/162.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 241; these numbers are written in pencil and are located at the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the two leading and ending flyleaves.

A flap is pasted to the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. of folio 188.

Written in
English in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

File 757/1909 'Persian Gulf:- Turkey and Turkish aggression (Occupation of Zakhnuniyeh Island. Attitude in piracy cases. Mudirs at Zubara, Odaid and Wakra) British Relations with Turkey in Persian Gulf' [‎144v] (293/495), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/162, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100030529667.0x00005e> [accessed 13 November 2019]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100030529667.0x00005e">File 757/1909 'Persian Gulf:- Turkey and Turkish aggression (Occupation of Zakhnuniyeh Island. Attitude in piracy cases. Mudirs at Zubara, Odaid and Wakra) British Relations with Turkey in Persian Gulf' [&lrm;144v] (293/495)</a>
<a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100030529667.0x00005e">
	<img src="https://images.qdl.qa/iiif/images/81055/vdc_100000000419.0x000037/IOR_L_PS_10_162_0293.jp2/full/!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
</a>
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it.https://www.qdl.qa/en/iiif/81055/vdc_100000000419.0x000037/manifestOpen in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image