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'Despatch by Lieutenant-General R. Wapshare, C.B., C.S.I. on the Organization and Working of the East Persian Line of Communications. From 1st April 1918 to 15th January 1919' [‎13v] (31/138)

The record is made up of 1 file (65 folios). It was created in 1919. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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APPENDIX 4 "■ - ..
Note on the Field Work of the NushJci Extension {Railway) Reconnaissance
June 1918 to January 1919.
Object of Survey. —The Railway Board in their letter No. 616-P. of 14th June
1918 to the Engineer-in-Chief, Nushki Extension Reconnaissance, forwarded
instructions from the Chief of the General Staff, in which it is laid down that the object
of the survey is to select possible alignments for an extension of the railway from
Mirjawa to Neh, with at the same time a branch line terminating at Baring on the
west bank of the Sistan Hamun.
The field operations of any railway survey are :—
(1) A general reconnaissance carried out mainly by the Engineer-in Chief
himself of a wide area between the selected termini, on the basis of
which and considering many other factors besides the mere configu-
ation of the ground, he decides on the general alignment and the
grades and curves to be used.
(2) A survey along the selected route of an area about 1,000 feet wide on a
scale of 13 inches to a mile (5‘28 inches to a mile difficult country)
on which the centre line of the railway can be laid off. The survey
also includes collection of information for design of bridges, yards,
water supply.
(3) If necessary the projected centre line is then pegged out on the ground
for construction.
The Reconnaissance must usually be made beforehand, and as in this case,
this had not been done, and both reconnaissance and survey parties took the field
together (July 3rd and 5th), proper instructions as to grades and curves to be adopted
could not be given, and it was not until my return to Dehaneh Baghi from reconnoitr
ing the area on August 7 that it was possible to fix these conditions. The result
was that the work of the survey parties between Mirjawa and Duzdap during the first
month had to be thrown away, when it was found that 1—100 grades ought to be
For the reconnaissance of the area extending south to north from Mirjawa
to Neh and Baring, and east to west from Sistan to Dahaneh Baghi, I sent Mr. F. A.
Primrose, Executive Engineer, over the eastern routes and myself took the western
area. Our parties were mainly mounted on riding camels and lightly equipped,
bivouacs by night and single fly tents by day. We each covered about 450 miles
between July 5 to August 7 when we reached Dahaneh Baghi and I sent in my
preliminary report. We subsequently examined the west side of the Karegi Newar
on my way back to Duzdap. I found that my impression of the Kashi pass during a
sand storm had been very misleading and I went carefully over the Patki pass again
with Mr. Primrose, and satisfied myself that the Kashi pass was the best, although
grades were worse that I had first thought. These sand-storms were frequent and
it was sometimes difficult to see 100 yards during the July storms and guides are
very necessary. There are no tracks and water holes very inconspicuous. The
storms, too, give trouble owing to rapid variation in the heights registered by the
The result of the reconnaissance was to show that a very easy line with 1—100
grades (except at Kashi pass, where 1—62 is used temporarily for 3 miles up and 1—50
for 5 miles down) could be obtained via Duzdap, Garageh, Chah Kalandar, and
Dahaneh Panjeh, with a branch down the Shor Rud valley to Baring. The selected
route is shown in red on the attached map which also shows rejected routes in blue,
routes marched in green, drinking water blue cross, water for animals broAvn cross.
Mr. Edwards' yarty^ —(C. A. H. Edwards, Esq., Executive Engineer, Rail
way Department (Rrailway Board).
Orders for the construction of the line were received September 1 when only
26 miles rough survey"tff 4he 1—100 line from Duzdap summit had been done
towards Mirjawa. But by pushing the work and putting on more men Mr. Edw-ards
was able to complete the plans in time for the construction on November 3, which

About this item


The file consists of a despatch from Lieutenant-General Richard Wapshare, General Officer Commanding, 4th (Quetta) Division to the Chief of General Staff, Army Headquarters, Delhi, dated 8 March 1919, concerning the organization and working of the East Persian line of communications, covering the period from 1 April 1918 to 15 January 1919.

It includes topics such as topography; the East Persian Cordon Field Force; administration; troop movements; railway defence troops; work on the railway; financial problems; road and rail lines of communications; supply areas; transport; trade; the capacity of the railway; supplies; medical and veterinary arrangements; and ordnance services.

Appendices 1 and 2 consist of maps and sketches not reproduced in this file.

Appendix 3 – Report on the working of the Nushki Extension Railway from 1st April 1918 to 15th January 1919 , by Colonel Frederick Warner Allum, Engineer-in-Chief, Nushki Extension Railway, dated 6 February 1919.

Appendix 4 – Note on the Field Work of the Nushki Extension (Railway) Reconnaissance, June 1918 to January 1919 , by Major Lewis Egerton Hopkins, Engineer-in-Chief, N. E. Reconnaissance, dated 6 February 1919. Covering the object and length of the survey; wells, tanks and water supply; transport; illness; list of officers and subordinates, etc., who served in Persia; and caravan routes.

Appendix 5 – Report on the working of the line of communications East Persia from September 1918 to January 15th 1919 , by Brigadier-General William Edmund Ritchie Dickson, Inspector General of Communications, East Persia, dated 5 February 1919. It is broken down into the following topics: general; supply and transport; medical; ordnance; veterinary; works; surveys; finance; ecclesiastical; and posts and telegraphs.

It also includes a series of seventeen annexures with various tables covering: administrative standing orders; the transport situation and forecast of transport requirements; instructions for moving stores along the line of communications; the chain of supply and transport responsibility; transport units; distribution of supply units; supplies carried on lines of communication; medical requirements; clothing and ordnance stores; progress of building works; and finances.

Extent and format
1 file (65 folios)

This file consists of a single document.

A contents page for Appendix 5 is included on folio 18.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 67; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Pagination: the file also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Despatch by Lieutenant-General R. Wapshare, C.B., C.S.I. on the Organization and Working of the East Persian Line of Communications. From 1st April 1918 to 15th January 1919' [‎13v] (31/138), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/34, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 5 March 2024]

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