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File 2182/1913 Pt 11 'Arabia: relations with BIN SAUD Hedjaz-Nejd Dispute' [‎274r] (102/678)

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The record is made up of 1 item (336 folios). It was created in 16 Oct 1919-28 May 1920. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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/
To iuie Secretary of State for India,
^ated 15th. April
^ 7 ^
Q
Received 17th.
11 p.m.
(R). Letters from Bahrein dated 31st March intimate
"following developments.
1. Bin Saud applies for a British Indian Mahometan ' ,
doctor vide my separate telegram.
2. Fresh tribes continue to accept the leadership of
Bin Saud, the latest recruits are Ajman who have started
ruling the south towards Hassa. Akhwan movement is viewed
with increasing complaisance in Bahrein itself and Bin Saud
has received letters from Chiefs of Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. making
overtures to him. Bin Saud has not replied to these letters.
3. King Hussein is apparently unsuccessfully endeavour
ing to utilize Sheikh Isa of Bahrein as counterblast to Bin
Saud, There has certainly been much correspondence between
two recently. (-*^friction between Bahrein and
Nejd is now acute in regard to Custom-House matters and
question^ of protection of Nejd subjects in Bahrein which Bin
Saud requests us to exercise on his behalf contrary to wishes
of Sheikh of Bahrein.
4. Probability of Bin Saud seizing Mecca is being
discussed with ( in Bahrein and elsewhere in
Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and in Mesopotamia. G-eneral opinion appears to
be not unfavourable to such a consummation as it is believed
that this would be in interests of religion and would make
pilgrimage safeiT, In this connection see page 1055 of Lorimers
Gazetteer, vol. 1, describing capture of Mecca by Wahabis.
Reference to India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. letter to Foreign Office
6 March 1644. As far as can be judged effect on Mesopotamia
of occupation of Mecca would not be macfraHKakis ( corrupt
group ? unfavourable): it might have good effect on ohiah
priesthood.

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Part 11 concerns British policy regarding the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, also referred to in the correspondence as Ibn Saud] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz] over Khurma and Tarabah [Turabah]. Much of the correspondence documents the efforts of the British to persuade the two leaders to agree to meet. It is initially proposed that the two should meet at Jeddah; however, it is reported by the Civil Commissioner, Baghdad, that Bin Saud refuses to meet King Hussein at Jeddah, Aden, or Cairo, and suggests a meeting at Baghdad instead. A number of other possibilities are discussed, including the following: the Secretary of State for India's proposal of a meeting of plenipotentiaries, either at Khurma or Tarabah, as an alternative to a meeting between the two leaders themselves; a suggestion by the High Commissioner, Egypt, that the two leaders meet in London; a proposal from Lord Curzon [George Nathaniel Curzon], Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, that Bin Saud should be induced to meet King Hussein on board a British ship at Jeddah, or, as is later suggested, at Aden.

Also included are the following:

  • an account from Captain Norman Napier Evelyn Bray, political officer in charge of the Nejd Mission, which recounts the last days of the mission's stay in Paris, in late December 1919;
  • a report from the High Commissioner, Egypt, on his recent meeting with King Hussein, which relays the latter's views on the allocation of control of Syria to France;
  • discussion regarding the growing power and influence of Bin Saud's Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces;
  • a note on the dispute by Harry St John Bridger, in which he volunteers to induce Bin Saud to agree to a meeting at any place (outside of Hejaz) suggested by His Majesty's Government;
  • memoranda and diary entries written by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain, Major Harold Richard Patrick Dickson, all of which discuss at length Dickson's interviews with Bin Saud at Hasa [Al Hasa] in January and February 1920;
  • extracts from a report by the British Agent, Jeddah, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Edwin Vickery, which recounts his recent interviews with King Hussein and the King's son, Emir Abdullah [ʿAbdullāh bin Ḥusayn al-Hāshimī].

The item features the following principal correspondents:

Extent and format
1 item (336 folios)
Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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File 2182/1913 Pt 11 'Arabia: relations with BIN SAUD Hedjaz-Nejd Dispute' [‎274r] (102/678), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/391/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100032475964.0x0000a0> [accessed 24 July 2019]

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