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File 2182/1913 Pt 11 'Arabia: relations with BIN SAUD Hedjaz-Nejd Dispute' [‎321r] (196/678)

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The record is made up of 1 item (336 folios). It was created in 16 Oct 1919-28 May 1920. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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statements and actions, of which the least is truth and the
A
greater part is falsehood, just likefown publications. They
did not see any mention of my actions which I took for my
friend, the High British Government. My actions, as I
explained to your honour, ever since the time of my occupatior
about 18 years ago, I have been communicating with the offici.
als of the High British Government in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and
the Turks bore me grudge and then they tried their best with
Ibn Rashid and sent out troops with him and helped him
financially in those days until he made them clear away and
eradicated their rule from Arabian Peninsula and they helped
Ibn Rabid with military forces, money, guns and ammunition.
They also helped Shareef and moved him against my ITejd terri
tories and the neighbourhood, and this is not hidden from the
High Government.
As I made friendship with the High British Government,!
had the honour to interview the Honourable,,the then Chief
Political Officer, Sir Percy Cox, and conclud.ed a treaty with
him. He then requested me to fight Ibn Rashid in order that 1
he may not help the Turks and also when disputes arose bet
ween me and the Shareef, as it is well known to the Honourable
L.iic Chief Political Officer, Sir Percy Cox, he ordered me to
desist from those disputes for the sale of the High British
Government and therefore every thought or action that was
excercising my mind was controlled and I began to help him in
his fight against the TurJts, and did my best to see that Ibn
Rashid did not attack the Shareef in Madina, furthermore, in
accordance with a request from His Honour, I went to Basrah
in order to confirm and strengthen my friendship with the Higl
British Government and it was well known to^very body that I
took a part in this great war and I complied with all the
hints and suggestions of the above mentioned officer and
when I returned to my territories I ordered all Najdis to h&p
the Shareef when the Shareef had only a small number of men
to help him. The best tribes of Hajd are Ataibah, liarb and
Mutair together with the people of Qasim and they helped the

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Part 11 concerns British policy regarding the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, also referred to in the correspondence as Ibn Saud] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz] over Khurma and Tarabah [Turabah]. Much of the correspondence documents the efforts of the British to persuade the two leaders to agree to meet. It is initially proposed that the two should meet at Jeddah; however, it is reported by the Civil Commissioner, Baghdad, that Bin Saud refuses to meet King Hussein at Jeddah, Aden, or Cairo, and suggests a meeting at Baghdad instead. A number of other possibilities are discussed, including the following: the Secretary of State for India's proposal of a meeting of plenipotentiaries, either at Khurma or Tarabah, as an alternative to a meeting between the two leaders themselves; a suggestion by the High Commissioner, Egypt, that the two leaders meet in London; a proposal from Lord Curzon [George Nathaniel Curzon], Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, that Bin Saud should be induced to meet King Hussein on board a British ship at Jeddah, or, as is later suggested, at Aden.

Also included are the following:

  • an account from Captain Norman Napier Evelyn Bray, political officer in charge of the Nejd Mission, which recounts the last days of the mission's stay in Paris, in late December 1919;
  • a report from the High Commissioner, Egypt, on his recent meeting with King Hussein, which relays the latter's views on the allocation of control of Syria to France;
  • discussion regarding the growing power and influence of Bin Saud's Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces;
  • a note on the dispute by Harry St John Bridger, in which he volunteers to induce Bin Saud to agree to a meeting at any place (outside of Hejaz) suggested by His Majesty's Government;
  • memoranda and diary entries written by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain, Major Harold Richard Patrick Dickson, all of which discuss at length Dickson's interviews with Bin Saud at Hasa [Al Hasa] in January and February 1920;
  • extracts from a report by the British Agent, Jeddah, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Edwin Vickery, which recounts his recent interviews with King Hussein and the King's son, Emir Abdullah [ʿAbdullāh bin Ḥusayn al-Hāshimī].

The item features the following principal correspondents:

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1 item (336 folios)
Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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File 2182/1913 Pt 11 'Arabia: relations with BIN SAUD Hedjaz-Nejd Dispute' [‎321r] (196/678), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/391/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100032475965.0x000036> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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