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File 2182/1913 Pt 11 'Arabia: relations with BIN SAUD Hedjaz-Nejd Dispute' [‎343r] (240/678)

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The record is made up of 1 item (336 folios). It was created in 16 Oct 1919-28 May 1920. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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has heen assassinated. My escort is very friendly and wonder
fully proud of their Iman. Enthusiasm for their leader and
contempt for the Sharif is evident in almost every word they
utter, i'hey are full of spirit and good moral. The contempt
these Akhwan have for Shiahs and Baharanah in general is inter
esting. In Hassa Shiahs are not allowed to celebrate Hussain*s
death in the way they do in Basrah nor are they allowed to call
to prayer. . Both are also forbidden to sell rifles or ammuni
tion or to possess them. There appears to be a continuous
and regular traffic between Ojair and Hassa. Dozens of cara
vans go back and forward between Ojair and Hufuf now-a-days
in perfect safety. So much for Ibn Jiluvi’s strong rule.
This as compared with a few years ago is a wonderful change.
Trade with Bahrain is astonishingly large. O.jair customs charge
on all goods entering Bin Saud’s territory. Ojair and
Qatif are farmed together. During 1920 ? the farm was worth
seven lakhs of rupees to the Imam.
1st February.
Left Braiman 8.50 A.M. reached Subkha Well 12.50 distance
14 miles. Halted half hour, left again 1 P.M. travelling fast
reached Jisheh south-east comer of Hassa Oasis 6 P.M. distance
26 miles. We were met outside the town by Amir Ali and other
headmen, also by the members of the Qusaibi family. Carpets
had been spread on a hill overlooking the town and we were
refreshed by sweetmeats and coffee. The first sight of Hassa
resembles that of Damascus though not so fine. It is an
emerald in a setting yellow sand while in the centre rises the
massive though low mountain of OARA.
Hature of the C ountry cr os sed .
After Braiman aand dunes were less frequent and we came
across regular continuous firm depressions which made going
easy for our camels. 5 miles before reaching Subkha one came
upon wide gravelly plain with little sand patches in the middle,
this depression or plain afforded good grazing for camels.
High sand dunes were visible to North and South, about 5 miles
distance

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Part 11 concerns British policy regarding the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, also referred to in the correspondence as Ibn Saud] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz] over Khurma and Tarabah [Turabah]. Much of the correspondence documents the efforts of the British to persuade the two leaders to agree to meet. It is initially proposed that the two should meet at Jeddah; however, it is reported by the Civil Commissioner, Baghdad, that Bin Saud refuses to meet King Hussein at Jeddah, Aden, or Cairo, and suggests a meeting at Baghdad instead. A number of other possibilities are discussed, including the following: the Secretary of State for India's proposal of a meeting of plenipotentiaries, either at Khurma or Tarabah, as an alternative to a meeting between the two leaders themselves; a suggestion by the High Commissioner, Egypt, that the two leaders meet in London; a proposal from Lord Curzon [George Nathaniel Curzon], Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, that Bin Saud should be induced to meet King Hussein on board a British ship at Jeddah, or, as is later suggested, at Aden.

Also included are the following:

  • an account from Captain Norman Napier Evelyn Bray, political officer in charge of the Nejd Mission, which recounts the last days of the mission's stay in Paris, in late December 1919;
  • a report from the High Commissioner, Egypt, on his recent meeting with King Hussein, which relays the latter's views on the allocation of control of Syria to France;
  • discussion regarding the growing power and influence of Bin Saud's Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces;
  • a note on the dispute by Harry St John Bridger, in which he volunteers to induce Bin Saud to agree to a meeting at any place (outside of Hejaz) suggested by His Majesty's Government;
  • memoranda and diary entries written by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain, Major Harold Richard Patrick Dickson, all of which discuss at length Dickson's interviews with Bin Saud at Hasa [Al Hasa] in January and February 1920;
  • extracts from a report by the British Agent, Jeddah, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Edwin Vickery, which recounts his recent interviews with King Hussein and the King's son, Emir Abdullah [ʿAbdullāh bin Ḥusayn al-Hāshimī].

The item features the following principal correspondents:

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1 item (336 folios)
Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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File 2182/1913 Pt 11 'Arabia: relations with BIN SAUD Hedjaz-Nejd Dispute' [‎343r] (240/678), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/391/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100032475965.0x000062> [accessed 17 June 2019]

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