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File 2182/1913 Pt 11 'Arabia: relations with BIN SAUD Hedjaz-Nejd Dispute' [‎345r] (244/678)

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The record is made up of 1 item (336 folios). It was created in 16 Oct 1919-28 May 1920. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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After good night we left Jisheh 8•30 A.M. paving been
invited by Ibn Jiluvi the Amir of Hasea by mounted messenger
to come on to Hufuf• I had sent Ibn Jiluvi word the night
before, that I was halting until Imam entered Hufijf. Bin
Jiluvi, however, invited na in saying it was not known
definitely at what time the Imam would arrive. From Jisheh
><
we rode at a walking pace to Hufuf (See sketch W C W ). Time
c>r
taken 3 hours. I was struck with the beauty of the many gardens
All are splendidly tended and contained an abundance of fruit
trees. Water channels were numerous and in many places the
roadway was built up on a raised causeway* Over the stream
were good well-built masonry bridges, averaging 8 feet wide,
some as narrow as 5 feet* Every now and then open spaces
occurred among the palm gardens, showing wide expanses of rice
fields (now of course under water). Generally speaking
country side very much like Suk-esh-Shuyukh, Mesopotamia minus
the river, and with gardens in much more highly cultivated
condition. Along the whole road to Hufuf wherever the ground
was high, was to be seen the brilliant green denoting wheat
cultivation. It is evident Hassa - produces much wheat and rice.
A row of Turkish guard houses exist in more or less ruined
condition from Jisheh to Hufuf and were an eloquent testimony
to the state of affair existing in the Turkish times* Al-
Qusaibi told me as we rode along that there were daily raids
and robberies on this strip even though the road ran along
side the date gardens. Each village we came to had a wall
round it with towers showing how unsettled the country must
have been. We arrived at Hufuf at length and were met by a
large crov/d outside the chief gate. The scene remin^ded me
forcibly of my first entry into Shatra. The town is not
dissimilar in appearance, but is larger and better built, with
conspicuous walls rather in a tumbledown condition, but once
obviously very strong. They are still very massive and high
where they enclose the H Kut w or Government quarters.
The

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Part 11 concerns British policy regarding the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, also referred to in the correspondence as Ibn Saud] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz] over Khurma and Tarabah [Turabah]. Much of the correspondence documents the efforts of the British to persuade the two leaders to agree to meet. It is initially proposed that the two should meet at Jeddah; however, it is reported by the Civil Commissioner, Baghdad, that Bin Saud refuses to meet King Hussein at Jeddah, Aden, or Cairo, and suggests a meeting at Baghdad instead. A number of other possibilities are discussed, including the following: the Secretary of State for India's proposal of a meeting of plenipotentiaries, either at Khurma or Tarabah, as an alternative to a meeting between the two leaders themselves; a suggestion by the High Commissioner, Egypt, that the two leaders meet in London; a proposal from Lord Curzon [George Nathaniel Curzon], Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, that Bin Saud should be induced to meet King Hussein on board a British ship at Jeddah, or, as is later suggested, at Aden.

Also included are the following:

  • an account from Captain Norman Napier Evelyn Bray, political officer in charge of the Nejd Mission, which recounts the last days of the mission's stay in Paris, in late December 1919;
  • a report from the High Commissioner, Egypt, on his recent meeting with King Hussein, which relays the latter's views on the allocation of control of Syria to France;
  • discussion regarding the growing power and influence of Bin Saud's Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces;
  • a note on the dispute by Harry St John Bridger, in which he volunteers to induce Bin Saud to agree to a meeting at any place (outside of Hejaz) suggested by His Majesty's Government;
  • memoranda and diary entries written by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain, Major Harold Richard Patrick Dickson, all of which discuss at length Dickson's interviews with Bin Saud at Hasa [Al Hasa] in January and February 1920;
  • extracts from a report by the British Agent, Jeddah, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Edwin Vickery, which recounts his recent interviews with King Hussein and the King's son, Emir Abdullah [ʿAbdullāh bin Ḥusayn al-Hāshimī].

The item features the following principal correspondents:

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1 item (336 folios)
Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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File 2182/1913 Pt 11 'Arabia: relations with BIN SAUD Hedjaz-Nejd Dispute' [‎345r] (244/678), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/391/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100032475965.0x000066> [accessed 16 July 2019]

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