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File 2182/1913 Pt 11 'Arabia: relations with BIN SAUD Hedjaz-Nejd Dispute' [‎360r] (274/678)

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The record is made up of 1 item (336 folios). It was created in 16 Oct 1919-28 May 1920. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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the recent request of the Ruler of Bahrain through hi#
Abdullah that Zub^a he ceded back to him, will not be lisTShed
to* To revive the old bene of* contention woild not be a wise
move. Old files have shown that neither Colonel Felly nor
Mr. Gaskin at one time Politicals in these parts approved the
claims of the Shaikh of Bahrain to territory on the Qatar
peninsula. , and even though Major Prideaux later took the
opposite view, he put it on record that Zub/a itself should
never be re-occupied. I have reported on this matter on 6th
December in another letter.
mumici Palit y ^f airs .
152. The sanitary state of both Manama and Muharraq Islands
is very bad indeed. The latter place can be 3,eft a^side, as
it is scarcely ever visited by Europeans and it is Turely
an Arab Town. [email protected]>&rding the former place the least said the
better. I dent think I have ever struck anything so filthy
and loathsome as the st&te of Man am* streets . No effort what
so ever appears to be made by the Shaikh to clean up the place
refuse of every kind snd in every stage of decay lies about
unremoved, while the inhabitants male and female seem to make
a habit of using the streets for their latrines.
I have expostulated with Mr. Yousuf lionoo the nominal head of
the Municipality • He tells me he is quite helpless in face
of the steady opposition of Shaikh Isa, and his advisers.
Mr. Yousuf Kanoo yesterday resigned all connection with the
Municipality from sheer disgu^st at the apathy shown by
Shaikh Isa. I hope as soon as I have found my legs a bit to
take up this question of sanitation serjbcusly • If I find the
Shaikh still hopeless I shall report the matter to higher
authority and hbpe I Mhall be supported • The danger of an
epidemic under present conditions is very real.
I can honestly say the foul state of Manama beats anything
I have ever come across in Mesopotamia by a very long way.
Not only is the place dirty but the inhabitants are far less
sanitary in their habits than the people of Iraq
is not saying much.

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Part 11 concerns British policy regarding the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, also referred to in the correspondence as Ibn Saud] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz] over Khurma and Tarabah [Turabah]. Much of the correspondence documents the efforts of the British to persuade the two leaders to agree to meet. It is initially proposed that the two should meet at Jeddah; however, it is reported by the Civil Commissioner, Baghdad, that Bin Saud refuses to meet King Hussein at Jeddah, Aden, or Cairo, and suggests a meeting at Baghdad instead. A number of other possibilities are discussed, including the following: the Secretary of State for India's proposal of a meeting of plenipotentiaries, either at Khurma or Tarabah, as an alternative to a meeting between the two leaders themselves; a suggestion by the High Commissioner, Egypt, that the two leaders meet in London; a proposal from Lord Curzon [George Nathaniel Curzon], Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, that Bin Saud should be induced to meet King Hussein on board a British ship at Jeddah, or, as is later suggested, at Aden.

Also included are the following:

  • an account from Captain Norman Napier Evelyn Bray, political officer in charge of the Nejd Mission, which recounts the last days of the mission's stay in Paris, in late December 1919;
  • a report from the High Commissioner, Egypt, on his recent meeting with King Hussein, which relays the latter's views on the allocation of control of Syria to France;
  • discussion regarding the growing power and influence of Bin Saud's Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces;
  • a note on the dispute by Harry St John Bridger, in which he volunteers to induce Bin Saud to agree to a meeting at any place (outside of Hejaz) suggested by His Majesty's Government;
  • memoranda and diary entries written by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain, Major Harold Richard Patrick Dickson, all of which discuss at length Dickson's interviews with Bin Saud at Hasa [Al Hasa] in January and February 1920;
  • extracts from a report by the British Agent, Jeddah, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Edwin Vickery, which recounts his recent interviews with King Hussein and the King's son, Emir Abdullah [ʿAbdullāh bin Ḥusayn al-Hāshimī].

The item features the following principal correspondents:

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1 item (336 folios)
Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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File 2182/1913 Pt 11 'Arabia: relations with BIN SAUD Hedjaz-Nejd Dispute' [‎360r] (274/678), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/391/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 September 2019]

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