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File 2182/1913 Pt 11 'Arabia: relations with BIN SAUD Hedjaz-Nejd Dispute' [‎379r] (312/678)

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The record is made up of 1 item (336 folios). It was created in 16 Oct 1919-28 May 1920. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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no other IIaj d could not tolerEite it in any other hands
hut its own*
The Ahhwan , Bin Saud had much to say regarding the
movement in general. The movement he maintained was
directly due to God moving the hearts of his Arabs, He
himself was their ’’Lea^der” and ,, lma£a M and entirely asso«
dated himself with / the Akhwans religious beliefs, W I
am the Akhwan”- he kept on repeating*- ’’Our tenets con~
sist of two essential/* '
(a) Worship of God and our country”
(*) ’’BZrotherhood among all true Moslems”
Bin Saud said the movement had affected the Beduin in
an extraordinary manner. They were filled with a x&xxgx
strange religious zeal, and were continually begging to
have teachers sent them. He was sending tUlama to teach
them as fast as he could provide them. His principal
method of guiding the movement and keeping it und«r
control was M City building ”. He insisted on the Beduin
■fc^iBes settling down, and building towns for themselves,
in spots decided on by him. This was af^er they nad
satisfied him that they had the true spirit of Religion
in their hearts (Itha qaliknarid tadaiyin), Tne head
shaikh of the tribe so settled, he ordered^to Riyadh
and attached him to himself, VJherever he went thefe _
Shaikhs accompanied him, and were at his h4ck and call.
In this way he had a fine military machine and.could by
passing an order to his body guard of shaikhs mobilize s/
in a few days over SOOjOOO men. Since the Akhwan move
ment started 53 new cities had been built, with numbers
of inhabitants ranging from 50 00 to 30000 each. Bin
Saud claimed to now control the Beduin element throughout
Arabia (Badiyah) with the exception;of the Dhafis Jribe
which he admitted come under Iraq,
The following are the names of the new towns
built by the Akhwan in the last 4 years:-

About this item


Part 11 concerns British policy regarding the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, also referred to in the correspondence as Ibn Saud] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz] over Khurma and Tarabah [Turabah]. Much of the correspondence documents the efforts of the British to persuade the two leaders to agree to meet. It is initially proposed that the two should meet at Jeddah; however, it is reported by the Civil Commissioner, Baghdad, that Bin Saud refuses to meet King Hussein at Jeddah, Aden, or Cairo, and suggests a meeting at Baghdad instead. A number of other possibilities are discussed, including the following: the Secretary of State for India's proposal of a meeting of plenipotentiaries, either at Khurma or Tarabah, as an alternative to a meeting between the two leaders themselves; a suggestion by the High Commissioner, Egypt, that the two leaders meet in London; a proposal from Lord Curzon [George Nathaniel Curzon], Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, that Bin Saud should be induced to meet King Hussein on board a British ship at Jeddah, or, as is later suggested, at Aden.

Also included are the following:

  • an account from Captain Norman Napier Evelyn Bray, political officer in charge of the Nejd Mission, which recounts the last days of the mission's stay in Paris, in late December 1919;
  • a report from the High Commissioner, Egypt, on his recent meeting with King Hussein, which relays the latter's views on the allocation of control of Syria to France;
  • discussion regarding the growing power and influence of Bin Saud's Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces;
  • a note on the dispute by Harry St John Bridger, in which he volunteers to induce Bin Saud to agree to a meeting at any place (outside of Hejaz) suggested by His Majesty's Government;
  • memoranda and diary entries written by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain, Major Harold Richard Patrick Dickson, all of which discuss at length Dickson's interviews with Bin Saud at Hasa [Al Hasa] in January and February 1920;
  • extracts from a report by the British Agent, Jeddah, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Edwin Vickery, which recounts his recent interviews with King Hussein and the King's son, Emir Abdullah [ʿAbdullāh bin Ḥusayn al-Hāshimī].

The item features the following principal correspondents:

Extent and format
1 item (336 folios)
Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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File 2182/1913 Pt 11 'Arabia: relations with BIN SAUD Hedjaz-Nejd Dispute' [‎379r] (312/678), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/391/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 16 September 2019]

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