File 2182/1913 Pt 11 'Arabia: relations with BIN SAUD Hedjaz-Nejd Dispute' [382r] (318/678)
The record is made up of 1 item (336 folios). It was created in 16 Oct 1919-28 May 1920. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
My dear Colonel,
Hoffuf J f
February 10th, 1920 #
This is just a line to give you my impressions of
Bin Saud, First and foremost he is in my opinion a man
who wants watching most carefully. His state of mind is
such that the cleverest of men could*nt say what he was
really thinking about, or what course of action he would
decide on. To meet, he is all that is charming and nice
b ut one cannot say whether he is a Religious Fanatic or
an accomplished actor. He badly wants a friend who will
insist on being heard, and even talk back at him, When
you first enter his mijliss room and salaams are over,
Bin Saud starts a wild religious har^angue. His talk is
mixed up with much Qpran quotation and cursing of the
Turk and Sharif always. His talk may be all ^iyasi" for
all one can tell but one goes away with the feeling that
he had either got a strain of lunacy in him, or that
religion has effected his mind.
At times one is almost persuaded to believe thSat
he is trying to lead his Akhwan into believing he is a
second liohpmed or the Mahdi, Then again one wonders
whether he is not trying to carry out a gigantic bluff,
H e certainly in public and private makes it quite clear
that he believes himself to be the Champion of Islam,
and talks '‘big** in proportion.
On the other hand there are occasions when he is
moody and depressed and scarcely approachable. He on
those occasions gives one the impression that he is
carrying on /his shoulders a great weight of responsi*-
bility, I cannot help thinking his worry is his Akhwan
and that he feels he is riding a horse that is getting
out of hand and he does not know which way it will lead
him eventually. Against this Bin Saud frequently tells
me he has the Akhwan entirely dm hand.
Whether in public or ptivate Bin Saud*s conversa-
About this item
Part 11 concerns British policy regarding the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, also referred to in the correspondence as Ibn Saud] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz] over Khurma and Tarabah [Turabah]. Much of the correspondence documents the efforts of the British to persuade the two leaders to agree to meet. It is initially proposed that the two should meet at Jeddah; however, it is reported by the Civil Commissioner, Baghdad, that Bin Saud refuses to meet King Hussein at Jeddah, Aden, or Cairo, and suggests a meeting at Baghdad instead. A number of other possibilities are discussed, including the following: the Secretary of State for India's proposal of a meeting of plenipotentiaries, either at Khurma or Tarabah, as an alternative to a meeting between the two leaders themselves; a suggestion by the High Commissioner, Egypt, that the two leaders meet in London; a proposal from Lord Curzon [George Nathaniel Curzon], Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, that Bin Saud should be induced to meet King Hussein on board a British ship at Jeddah, or, as is later suggested, at Aden.
Also included are the following:
- an account from Captain Norman Napier Evelyn Bray, political officer in charge of the Nejd Mission, which recounts the last days of the mission's stay in Paris, in late December 1919;
- a report from the High Commissioner, Egypt, on his recent meeting with King Hussein, which relays the latter's views on the allocation of control of Syria to France;
- discussion regarding the growing power and influence of Bin Saud's Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces;
- a note on the dispute by Harry St John Bridger, in which he volunteers to induce Bin Saud to agree to a meeting at any place (outside of Hejaz) suggested by His Majesty's Government;
- memoranda and diary entries written by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain, Major Harold Richard Patrick Dickson, all of which discuss at length Dickson's interviews with Bin Saud at Hasa [Al Hasa] in January and February 1920;
- extracts from a report by the British Agent, Jeddah, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Edwin Vickery, which recounts his recent interviews with King Hussein and the King's son, Emir Abdullah [ʿAbdullāh bin Ḥusayn al-Hāshimī].
The item features the following principal correspondents:
- Secretary to the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. 's Political Department (John Evelyn Shuckburgh);
- Civil Commissioner, Baghdad [held in an officiating capacity by Lieutenant-Colonel Arnold Talbot Wilson];
- High Commissioner, Egypt (Field Marshal Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby);
- Secretary of State for India [Edwin Samuel Montagu];
- Foreign Office;
- British Agent, Jeddah (Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Edwin Vickery);
- Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain (Major Harold Richard Patrick Dickson);
- Bin Saud;
- Viceroy of India [Frederic John Napier Thesiger].
- Extent and format
- 1 item (336 folios)
- Written in
- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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