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File 2182/1913 Pt 11 'Arabia: relations with BIN SAUD Hedjaz-Nejd Dispute' [‎478r] (512/678)

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The record is made up of 1 item (336 folios). It was created in 16 Oct 1919-28 May 1920. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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From Civil Commissioner, Baghdad.
C
Jl/ Dated 12th February, 1920.
oj
P (Received 13th, 7 p.ra.)
(R). Priority A.
1867. }&y immediately preceding telegram.
Your telegram dated February 6th, Bin Saud.
Nejd Mission arrived at Bahrein February 7th.
Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrein,-reached Hasa February 1st. Bin Saud
arrived February 4th and c p^#r^exchange of official visits had
(? confidentialj interview\ Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. on February 5th with
following result.
One. He claimed very earnestly and with some warmth that we
were making his position*most difficult by lack of support.
Two. He complained (? that our) apparent support of claims of
King Hussein to syria had aroused much resentment in Nejd.
3. With regard to proposed meeting with Shereef, Bin Saud >
anticipated reference by Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. to question by announcing
that he had heard from Mecca that efforts were being made to arrange
such a meeting and that for various practical and other reasons, it
was quite impossible that meeting should take place anywhere in
Hedjaz territory.
4. It appears, as I rather expected, that Chief reason for
his visit to Hasa is question of possible jihad directed against
us from Syria.
On this subject Bin Saud made following statement.
He had received information from Mecca that Shereef had decided
to utilize Syria jihad movement in order to reinstate^himself in
eyes of Moslem world, and at the same time to discredit Bin Saud.
Snereef had sent emissary to 0 Syria with instructions as follows.
Firstly, that jihad should be proclaimed in Syria in first
place* in the event of the people or Syria being reluctant to act,
aid of Turks should be involved.
Secondly, invitation should be sent from Syria to Bin Saud
to lead jihad movement in his capacity as avowed champion of Islam.
Thirdly. On the declaration of jihad, action to be directed
in first place against French in Syria and then against Mesopotamia;
it was hoped that Bin Saud would co-operate against Mesopotamia.
Bin Saud said that it was obvious that Shereef (who would take
no overt part in above movement until it was definitely successful)
anticipated that Bin Saud would be placed by above manoeuvre on
horns of a dilemma viz:-
If he joined movement he would thereby alienate British support.
If

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Part 11 concerns British policy regarding the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, also referred to in the correspondence as Ibn Saud] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz] over Khurma and Tarabah [Turabah]. Much of the correspondence documents the efforts of the British to persuade the two leaders to agree to meet. It is initially proposed that the two should meet at Jeddah; however, it is reported by the Civil Commissioner, Baghdad, that Bin Saud refuses to meet King Hussein at Jeddah, Aden, or Cairo, and suggests a meeting at Baghdad instead. A number of other possibilities are discussed, including the following: the Secretary of State for India's proposal of a meeting of plenipotentiaries, either at Khurma or Tarabah, as an alternative to a meeting between the two leaders themselves; a suggestion by the High Commissioner, Egypt, that the two leaders meet in London; a proposal from Lord Curzon [George Nathaniel Curzon], Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, that Bin Saud should be induced to meet King Hussein on board a British ship at Jeddah, or, as is later suggested, at Aden.

Also included are the following:

  • an account from Captain Norman Napier Evelyn Bray, political officer in charge of the Nejd Mission, which recounts the last days of the mission's stay in Paris, in late December 1919;
  • a report from the High Commissioner, Egypt, on his recent meeting with King Hussein, which relays the latter's views on the allocation of control of Syria to France;
  • discussion regarding the growing power and influence of Bin Saud's Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces;
  • a note on the dispute by Harry St John Bridger, in which he volunteers to induce Bin Saud to agree to a meeting at any place (outside of Hejaz) suggested by His Majesty's Government;
  • memoranda and diary entries written by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain, Major Harold Richard Patrick Dickson, all of which discuss at length Dickson's interviews with Bin Saud at Hasa [Al Hasa] in January and February 1920;
  • extracts from a report by the British Agent, Jeddah, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Edwin Vickery, which recounts his recent interviews with King Hussein and the King's son, Emir Abdullah [ʿAbdullāh bin Ḥusayn al-Hāshimī].

The item features the following principal correspondents:

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1 item (336 folios)
Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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File 2182/1913 Pt 11 'Arabia: relations with BIN SAUD Hedjaz-Nejd Dispute' [‎478r] (512/678), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/391/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100032475966.0x0000aa> [accessed 23 August 2019]

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