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'Baghdad' [‎122v] (2/2)

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The record is made up of 1 file (1 folio). It was created in 19 Mar 1917. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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7. But you people of Baghdad, whose commercial
prosperity‘ and whose safety from oppression and
invasion must ever be a matter of the closest concern
to the British Government, are not to understand
that it is the wish of the British Government to
impose upon you alien institutions. It is the hope
ol' the British Government that the aspirations of
your phdosophers and writers shall he icalised and
that once again the people of Baghdad shall flourish,
enjoying their wealth and substance under insti
tutions which are in consonance with their sacred
laws and their racial ideals. In llejaz the Arabs
have expelled the Turks and Germans who
oppressed them and proclaimed the Sherif Hussein
as their King, and his Lordship rules in inde
pendence and freedom, and is the ally of the
nations who are fighting against the power of
Turkey and Germany; so, indeed, are the noble
Arabs, the Lords of Koweyt, Nejd, and Asir.
8. Many noble Arabs have perished in the
cause of Arab freedom, at the hands of those
alien rulers, the Turks, who oppressed them. It
is the determination of the Government of Great
Britain and the great Powers allied to Great
Britain, that these noble Arabs shall not have
suffered in vain. It is the hope and desire of
the British people and the nations in alliance
with them, that the Arab race may rise once more
to greatness and renown among the peoples of the
earth, and that it shall bind itself together to this
end in unity and coneord.
9. 0 people of Baghdad remember that for
2C) generations you have suffered under strange
tyrants who have ever endeavoured to set one
Arab house against another in order that they
might profit by your dissensions. This policy
is abhorrent to Great Britain and her Allies, for
there can be neither peace nor prosperity where
there is enmity and misgovernment. Therefore I
am commanded to invite vote, through your nobles
and elders and representatives, to participate in the
management of your civil affairs in collaboration
with the political representatives of Great Britain
who accompany the British Army, so that you may
be united with your kinsmen in North, East, South,
and West in realising the aspirations of your race.”

About this item


This file contains the text of Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick Stanley Maude's proclamation in Baghdad on the occasion of the British occupation in March 1917. This proclamation was issued following the 'Fall of Baghdad', a decisive victory for the British during the Mesopotamian Campaign. Maude largely focuses on the various parties (in particular the Turks [Ottomans]) who have previously been involved with the oppression and division of the area and assures the people of Baghdad that the British Government only seeks to improve their situation.

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1 file (1 folio)

This file consists of a single document.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at f 122, and terminates at f 122, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

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English in Latin script
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'Baghdad' [‎122v] (2/2), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B253, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 7 July 2020]

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