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‘Gazetteer of Persia, Part III, including Fārs, Lūristān, Arabistān, Khūzistān, Yazd, Karmānshāh, Ardalān, Kurdistān’ [‎43v] (91/686)

The record is made up of 1 volume (336 folios). It was created in 1885. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Is surrounded by high walls of the most flimsy description; has 10,000
inhabitants. {C. D. Stewart, 1880.)
Ardakan may be termed a small city.
ARDAKtN—Lat. Long. Elev. 7,700'.
A village and district in Ears, about 24 miles from Kular and 66
from Shiraz. It belongs to the Governor of Ears, and is pleasantly
situated by a stream, the waters of which come from Tang-i-Sardab
above it. The hill behind Ardakun is celebrated for a soft earth used
as hair-wash or soap, called galakdn or gil-i-sarshur. The district of
Ardakun consists of that village itself, Barghan (?), and Dalin (?),
containing 1,000, 40, and 60 families respectively. Another account
states that it is divided into five Mahallatu or parishes. There
are also three small tribes of Illyats belonging to it—Khafri, Rais, and
Bakar, of 60—70, 30, artd 15 families respectively. These speak a Lur
dialect. The Mal-i-diwani is from 1,500 to 1,700 tumans. The poll-
tax varies from 1 to 5 tumans—
Mules pay
Bees (per hive)
Young swarms
10 kirans yearly.
10 shahis yearly.
All shopkeepers are taxed at from 10 to 35 kirans. The two nal-
bands in the place pay 8 tumans between them. The “earth” above-
mentioned only brings in 30 tumaus revenue; 100 tumans, however,
are said to go to the agent. Vines untaxed (1878); 2 kirans rent are
taken for every 9 square yards of good corn-land, whether sown or
not. The measure used is the long lance of 1 kafiz, or 3| zira, in the
space of which 2| Ardakun mans can be sown. (A.#.—The kafiz is
properly a square measure of 144 cubits.) The village of Ardakun
contains eleven masjids and four maktabkhanahs, or schools.
{Chesney — Felly — Durand.)
ARDAL—Lat. Long. Elev. 6,350' {Mackenzie) ;
5,950' {St. John’s Map) ; 5,970'{Bell).
A village, 85 miles from Isfahan on road to Shustar. There are sup
plies here. It contains one good house, belonging to the brother of
the Ilkhani, the brother and deputy of the Bakhtiaris, who make
Ardal their summer quarters. Baring makes it 96| miles from Isfahan,
and elevation 6,150 feet. {Mackenzie—Schindler—Baring.)
A small village and a range of buildings, two-storied, the property of
Rezza-Kuli Khan, in which dwell the Ilkhani and the Ilbegi of the
Bakhtiaris during the month of May, and until the Chagakhur valley
cues up sufficiently to enable it to be encamped upon. Snow still
lay (3ist May ! 884 ) on the sides of the valley, and the household
° 16 1 ^ ,nl ^ as we ^ supplied with it. During the after noon the
thermometer read 85° under canvas; morning" temperature 45°.'
iheie is said to be coal in the hills not far distant. {Bell.)
A province of Persia, forming the east division of Kurdistan. It is

About this item


The third of four volumes comprising a Gazetteer of Persia. The volume, which is marked Confidential, covers Fārs, Lūristān [Lorestān], Arabistān, Khūzistān [Khūzestān], Yazd, Karmānshāh [Kermānshāh], Ardalān, and Kurdistān. The frontispiece states that the volume was revised and updated in April 1885 in the Intelligence Branch of the Quartermaster General’s Department in India, under the orders of Major General Sir Charles Metcalfe Macgregor, Quartermaster-General in India. Publication took place in Calcutta [Kolkata] by the Superintendent of Government Printing, India, in 1885.

The following items precede the main body of the gazetteer:

The gazetteer includes entries for human settlements (villages, towns and cities), geographic regions, tribes, significant geographic features (such as rivers, canals, mountains, valleys, passes), and halting places on established routes. Figures for latitude, longitude and elevation are indicated where known.

Entries for human settlements provide population figures, water sources, location relative to other landmarks, climate. Entries for larger towns and cities can also include tabulated meteorological statistics (maximum and minimum temperatures, wind direction, remarks on cloud cover and precipitation), topographical descriptions of fortifications, towers, and other significant constructions, historical summaries, agricultural, industrial and trade activities, government.

Entries for tribes indicate the size of the tribe (for example, numbers of men, or horsemen), and the places they inhabit. Entries for larger tribes give tabulated data indicating tribal subdivisions, numbers of families, encampments, summer and winter residences, and other remarks.

Information sources are provided at the end of each gazetteer entry, in the form of an author or source’s surname, italicised and bracketed.

Extent and format
1 volume (336 folios)

The gazetteer’s entries are arranged in alphabetically ascending order.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 341; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume has two printed pagination systems, the first of which uses Roman numerals and runs from I to XIII (ff 3-10), while the second uses Arabic numerals and runs from 1 to 653 (ff 12-338).

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘Gazetteer of Persia, Part III, including Fārs, Lūristān, Arabistān, Khūzistān, Yazd, Karmānshāh, Ardalān, Kurdistān’ [‎43v] (91/686), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 November 2019]

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