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‘Gazetteer of Persia, Part III, including Fārs, Lūristān, Arabistān, Khūzistān, Yazd, Karmānshāh, Ardalān, Kurdistān’ [‎44r] (92/686)

The record is made up of 1 volume (336 folios). It was created in 1885. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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200 miles long from the little river Sharuk to the Turkish district of
Zohab* and nearly 160 miles in breadth. It is divided from the plain
of Hamadan by a small range of hills, and its west boundary is 100
miles beyond Sihna. The capital is situated in latitude 35°12', longi
tude 45°. From the river Sharuk, which separates it from Azarbaijan to
Sahna, the face of the country is everywhere the same. It presents to
the view either progressive clusters of hills heaped, as it were, upon each
other, or great table-lands covered with flocks and the tents of the
Iliyats. The valleys are narrow strips at the foot of the mountains,
where the villages are commonly built in situations which protect
the few inhabitants that remain in them from the inclemency of the
weather. The soil is good and would yield abundance, but the Kurds
prefer a pastoral life. The oihplant is everywhere common, and
tobacco is cultivated in small quantities. Wooded mountains, separated
by narrow valleys and occasional plains, producing excellent pasture,
cover the north portion of Ardalan. The woods yield excellent oak and
fine gall apples, the latter of which are chiefly exported to India.
The Wall of this district, who is also the principal Kurdish chieftain
subject to Persia, maintains feudal state at Sahna. Between Kala
Shah KhSni and Kazir Ilias the nature of the country entirely changes,
and, instead of a succession of verdant hills, intermixed with deep
glens, there are here extensive cultivated plains, bounded by bleak and
barren mountains.
The Wall of Ardalan claims descent from the celebrated Salah-ud-
l)m or Saladin, the famous enemy of the Crusaders.
{Malcolm — Kinneir — Chesney.)
ARDANA—Lat. Long. Elev. 4,750'.
A village on the borders of Kurdistan, 3 miles south-east of Panjwin.
It lies on the south side of the Bimansuchai valley. {Gerard.)
A section of the Lur tribe of Chahar Banichah a small group of Iliyats,
who inhabit the Bunrud> at the sources of the Kara Agach in the
mountains west of Shiraz in Pars. {Ross.)
A tribe said to inhabit Khuzistan. {Chesney.)
ARISTAN—Lat. Long. Elev.
A village in Yazd, 2 miles from the town. It is situated near an
utterly sterile plain, but is itself in the midst of gardens.
{Keith — Abbott.)
ARJANtJN—Lat. 32° 20' 39'. Long. 53 b 45' 45". Elev.
A village in Yazd with a good caravausarai, between Aghda and
Maibut on the road to Isfahan. {Abbott — Floyer.)
ARMAN (1) —Lat. Long. Elev.
A village in Bihbahan, four stages north-east of Malamir, on the Jadda
Atabeg on the road to Isfahan. {DeBode.)
ARMAN (2)—Lat. Long. Elev.
A mountain south-west of Isfahan on the borders of Bihbahan. A
spur of it is crossed between Dupulan and Hilisat, the saddle of it

About this item


The third of four volumes comprising a Gazetteer of Persia. The volume, which is marked Confidential, covers Fārs, Lūristān [Lorestān], Arabistān, Khūzistān [Khūzestān], Yazd, Karmānshāh [Kermānshāh], Ardalān, and Kurdistān. The frontispiece states that the volume was revised and updated in April 1885 in the Intelligence Branch of the Quartermaster General’s Department in India, under the orders of Major General Sir Charles Metcalfe Macgregor, Quartermaster-General in India. Publication took place in Calcutta [Kolkata] by the Superintendent of Government Printing, India, in 1885.

The following items precede the main body of the gazetteer:

The gazetteer includes entries for human settlements (villages, towns and cities), geographic regions, tribes, significant geographic features (such as rivers, canals, mountains, valleys, passes), and halting places on established routes. Figures for latitude, longitude and elevation are indicated where known.

Entries for human settlements provide population figures, water sources, location relative to other landmarks, climate. Entries for larger towns and cities can also include tabulated meteorological statistics (maximum and minimum temperatures, wind direction, remarks on cloud cover and precipitation), topographical descriptions of fortifications, towers, and other significant constructions, historical summaries, agricultural, industrial and trade activities, government.

Entries for tribes indicate the size of the tribe (for example, numbers of men, or horsemen), and the places they inhabit. Entries for larger tribes give tabulated data indicating tribal subdivisions, numbers of families, encampments, summer and winter residences, and other remarks.

Information sources are provided at the end of each gazetteer entry, in the form of an author or source’s surname, italicised and bracketed.

Extent and format
1 volume (336 folios)

The gazetteer’s entries are arranged in alphabetically ascending order.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 341; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume has two printed pagination systems, the first of which uses Roman numerals and runs from I to XIII (ff 3-10), while the second uses Arabic numerals and runs from 1 to 653 (ff 12-338).

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘Gazetteer of Persia, Part III, including Fārs, Lūristān, Arabistān, Khūzistān, Yazd, Karmānshāh, Ardalān, Kurdistān’ [‎44r] (92/686), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 November 2019]

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