Coll 5/33 ‘Air-route to India: Landing ground at Gwadur; Muscat Civil Air Agreement’ [6r] (11/723)
The record is made up of 1 file (360 folios). It was created in 5 Apr 1933-5 Nov 1938. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
.xtr .ct from letter from Go^
India dated 6th August,
' * ^
i - >
3* seaulane Station at Jiv/ani . As the result of
experience of flying boat operations at Gwadar, it was found
that its exposed position and the extensive shoal water in
been accentuated during the monsoon. in consultation with
the Air Ministry, therefore, an alternative site was sought,
with more sheltered water. The mouth of the Dasht River in
Gwatar Bey was first examined and fo*nd unsuitabxe, but
another water area in Khor Jiwani in K&lat State, 40 miles
west of Gwadar was found which appeared to be suitable for
seaplane operations. Air and ground surveys of Lhor
Jiwani were then carried out, and a successful trial landing
by one of the Empire Fljing Boats was made on the 9th May, and
confirmed the suitability of the site for seaplane operations.
The consent of His Highness the hhan of Kalat was t;.en
obtained for its regular use by Imperial Airways. A
temporary pontoon Jetty and mooring buoys were provided and
a portable office building was moved from Gv/adar landing
ground to Jiwani. The control launch with W/T moved to
Jiwani, and Imperial Airways personnel were allowed to use
the State Rest House. The regular flying boat services
began to use Jiwani with these temporary arr-ngements from
13th May 1938.
Detaileu estimates and plans for the development of
a seaplane station at Jiwani on a permanent basis have been
for arded to Air Ministry. For the time being communication
is being maintained with the Gwrdar wireless and
Meteorological stations through the medium of tue control
West Bay, presented certain difficulties which would iia-e
About this item
The file contains notes and correspondence related to the use of the Gwadur Aerodrome by Imperial Airways and the Royal Air Force. It also therefore covers the negotiations surrounding the Muscat Civil Air Agreement (1934), and subsequent amendments to modify the level of rent paid to the Sultan of Muscat and Oman. Draft copies of the Muscat Agreement can be found on folios 266-273 and 307-318, while the final print edition copies can be found on folios 189-192 and 221-222. A copy of the Kuwait Air Navigation Regulations can be found on folios 366-367, and a copy of the Kuwait Air Agreement can be found on folios 329-331.
The file contains further correspondence regarding trouble experienced by Imperial Airways in claiming its rebate on aviation fuel, and efforts made by British authorities to obtain further duty exemptions for the airline. It also covers special authorisations issued under the agreement to permit aircraft to fly over and land in Oman.
The abandonment of Gwadur in 1938 – as a result of its unsuitability for seaplanes – and the transfer of Imperial Airways services to Jiwani (also spelt Jiunri in the file) is documented by the correspondence.
The main correspondents are as follows: the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. ; the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and Consul at Muscat (Claude Edward Urquhart Bremner and Ralph Ponsonby Watts); the Foreign and Political Department of the Government of India (the Department of External Affairs from 1937); and the Agent to the Governor General, Resident and Chief Commissioner in Baluchistan. The file also contains correspondence with officials of the following departments of the British Government: the Air Ministry, the Foreign Office, and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .
The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.
- Extent and format
- 1 file (360 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 362; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence (present between ff 2-360), which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.
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- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- Coll 5/33 ‘Air-route to India: Landing ground at Gwadur; Muscat Civil Air Agreement’
- front, front-i, 2r:7v, 9r:72v, 75r:95v, 97r:104v, 106r:113v, 115r:126v, 128r:149v, 152r:156v, 159r:185v, 187r:195v, 197r:210v, 212r:224v, 226r:233v, 237r:359v, 361r:361v, back
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