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'GAZETTEER OF PERSIA. VOLUME IV.' [‎29v] (63/652)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (322 folios). It was created in 1910. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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50 BAL—BAL
The early history of Baluchistan is shrouded in mystery. All that;
is known is that its aboriginal population,
History. Dravidians (represented by the Brahuis of
to-day), at times paid tribute to the Shah of Persia, and that the country
was traversed from east to west by the forces of Alexander the Great on
his return from India. It was then lost sight of foi’ hundreds of years.
In the Shah Ndmeh, Ardeshir {circ. A.D. 220) is mentioned as attacking
Gilan, and a few centuries later Bahram Gur of the Sasanian dynasty march
ed through the country to India, while Naushirvan had to inflict severe
punishment on the inhabitants for their raids. About the commencement
of the Muhammadan era, Chack, almost the last Hindu king of Sind,
marched through Makran to the river boundary between it and Kirman,
and set up a monument there to mark the limits of his kingdom.
In the early years of the Hijra both Kirman and Baluchistan were con
quered by the Arab invaders, and subsequent to A. H. 89 (A.D. 707)
Muhammadan supremacy was extended as far as the Indus valley. The
Saffar dynasty held Baluchistan for many centuries till Khalaf was cap
tured by Mahmud of Ghazni (oirc. A.H. 295, A.D. 907).
The Del ami dynasty appear to have held Baluchistan about A.D. 1080,
while it seems to have been ruled from Ki 'man by the Seljuks during the
reign of Toghrul Shah (A.D. 1156-1167), as we read that at that date Makran
paid duty on silk alone up to 30,000 dinars , or 15,000 Napoleons, ^ annum.
At the close of the twelfth century, Tiz is mentioned as a flourishing port,
with a great import and export trade, and Makran was famous for its candy
and sugar. In A.H. 620 (A.D. 1223), after the destruction of Herat, Makran
was laid waste by Chagatai, one of the Generals of Chengiz Khan. At the
end of the thirteenth century, Marco Polo sailed past its coast, and gives
a short description of the country.
At the end of the fifteenth century and early in the sixteenth, there was
a great migration of Baluchis eastwards from Makran into the Punjab, due
probably to Mongol pressure. About A.D. 1620 Baluchistan again became
independent of Persia, under Malik Mirza. In the middle of the seventeenth
century the Brahuis, under Kambar, rose to power, but later his descend
ants were forced to acknowledge Afghan suzerainty. About A.D. 1737,
a Persian force marched by way of Jiruft towards Bampur, and met the
Baluch Army at Chil i-Nadir,, inflicting a severe defeat on it with a loss of
700 men. Bampur successfully held out, but after the capture of Fahraj,
Lashar, Tiz, and several of the forts in the Jalk oasis, Amir Mahabbat was
installed as Persian Governor of Baluchistan at Qasrqand.. About A.D.
1736 a force sent by Nadir defeated the nomads of Kharan, but after ms
death a period of anarchy ensued, and in 1810, when Pottinger crossed the
district what is now known as Persian Baluchistan was independent of
Persia under Shah Mehrab Khan of Fehruj. In 1839 Baluchistan appears to
have been divided up into various chieftainships, each at war with, and
independent of, the other, of whom Muhammad ’ Ali Khan, at Bampur, was
the most powerful. _ a j- Aim i
After the flight of Agha Khan to India, his brother, Sardar Abdul
Hashan, in 1844 marched through Makran to Chahbar, and gained pos
session of Bampur, where in 1845 he was besieged by the Persians, and

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Content

The item is Volume IV of the four-volume Gazetteer of Persia (1910 edition).

The volume comprises that portion of Persia south and east of the Bandar Abbas-Kirman-Birjand to Gazik line, with the exception of Sistan, 'which is dealt with in the Military Report on Persian Sistan'. It also includes the islands of Qishm, Hormuz, Hanjam, Larak etc. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and the whole district of Shamil.

The gazetteer includes entries on villages, towns, administrative divisions, districts, provinces, tribes, halting-places, religious sects, mountains, hills, streams, rivers, springs, wells, dams, passes, islands and bays. The entries provide details of latitude, longitude, and elevation for some places, and information on history, communications, agriculture, produce, population, health, water supply, topography, climate, military intelligence, coastal features, ethnography, trade, economy, administration and political matters.

Information sources are provided at the end of each gazetteer entry, in the form of an author or source’s surname, italicised and bracketed.

The volume contains an index map, dated July 1909, on folio 323.

The volume also contains a glossary (folios 313-321).

Prepared by the General Staff, Army Headquarters, India.

Printed at the Government Monotype Press, India.

Extent and format
1 volume (322 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 324; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'GAZETTEER OF PERSIA. VOLUME IV.' [‎29v] (63/652), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/2/3, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100034631328.0x000040> [accessed 18 November 2019]

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