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Coll 5/1 ‘Persian Gulf Air Routes: Hasa Coast & Flying over Nejd territory — Saudi regulations for the landing of foreign aircraft’ [‎57r] (113/564)

The record is made up of 1 file (281 folios). It was created in 11 Feb 1931-3 Mar 1937. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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*
THIS DOCUMENT IS THE PROPERTY OF HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY'S GOVEpNMfe^T
9 5
EASTERN (Arabia).
CONFIDENTIAL.
March 18, 1935.
Section 4.
_J
[E 1806/1217/25] No. 1.
Sir A. Ryan to Sir John Simon.—[Received March 18.)
(No. 65.)
Sir. Jedda, March 2, 1935.
I HAVE the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your despatch No. 43 of
the 31st January regarding the negotiations now proceeding between His
Majesty’s Government and the Saudi Government, and I have duly noted that,
while I am to take any opportunity of endeavouring to secure the desiderata of
the Air Ministry in connexion with landing grounds on the Hasa coast. I am to
await a revised list of those desiderata before taking action. As the proposal
for a comprehensive settlement of major outstanding questions has now been
abandoned, it is not urgent that I should broach the question with the Saudi
Government, but you will remember that they themselves expressed anxiety some
little time ago to*^ clear up the position in regard to unauthorised landings and
flying-over.
2. As regards paragraphs 3 and 4 of your despatch under reference, F
would observe that, "while the question of the debts of the Saudi Government to
His Majesty’s Government in the I nited Kingdom and the Government of India
has not been strongly pressed since the end of 1933, it has been kept quite alive.
I spoke about it very pointedly to Sheikh Yusuf Yasin early in last July. The
attention of Fuad Bey Hamza was again drawn to it during his visit to London
in September. I again mentioned it on the 20th January, when enumerating the
subjects to be considered in connexion with the present negotiations.
’ 3. There is as little prospect as ever of obtaining an early cash settlement
of the debts in question. So far as I can judge, mere postponement could not be
used as a lever to obtain any countervailing concession on the Saudi side, but an
offer of some important abatement or total remission of the debts might be used
to secure reasonable desiderata in connexion with landing grounds. I shall be
able to judge of this possibility better when I know what these desiderata are.
but I may observe generally that the offer could only be made usefully as part of
a business transaction and not to secure any concession to which political
significance might be attached.
I have, &c.
ANDREW RYAN.
[356 s—4]
/\

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Content

The file contains correspondence and papers related to negotiations between the British Government and the Government of Saudi Arabia for the establishment of emergency landing grounds along the Hasa Coast, and proposed arrangements for their maintenance. The intention was that these facilities would be used by aircraft of the Royal Air Force (RAF) or Imperial Airways in the event of an emergency. It further covers measures to be taken to prevent the intrusion of British aircraft into Saudi territory during the progress of negotiations.

Also briefly covered in the file is a visit by Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] to the Netherlands in 1935 (see folios 26-71) and the attitude of the Saudis to foreign aircraft flying over their territory (see folios 3-21).

The main correspondents are as follows: HM Minister at Jeddah (Sir Andrew Ryan), officials of the Foreign Office (mainly George William Rendel), and officials of the Air Ministry (mainly James Stirling Ross). The negotiations are primarily undertaken through Fuad Bey Hamza and Shaikh Yusuf Yasin.

Prior to 1932, Saudi Arabia was known as the Kingdoms of Hejaz and Nejd, and this is reflected in the file.

The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (281 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the front cover with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 282; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Bookmarks are present on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. side of f 41 and f 272; these have been labelled with an ‘a’.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 5/1 ‘Persian Gulf Air Routes: Hasa Coast & Flying over Nejd territory — Saudi regulations for the landing of foreign aircraft’ [‎57r] (113/564), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/1947, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100034826204.0x000072> [accessed 27 January 2020]

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