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'GAZETTEER OF PERSIA. VOL. III.' [‎83r] (170/982)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (487 folios). It was created in 1910. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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BEHA HASANI— Lat. Long. Elev.
A village in the Liravi district of Ears, containing 25 houses of Lurs..
There is a tower here. The crops are wheat and barley, and animals are 50
donkeys, 30 cattle, 700 sheep and goats, and 10 horses .—{ Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf.
Gazetteer, •
BEHBEHAN Province—
A province geographically belonging to Ears, but having an administration
and a governor of its own. It is bounded on the north by the mountains
which separate ’Iraq-i-’AjamI fromthe southern provinces of Persia ; east
by Shulistan ; south by the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; west by ’Arabistan. The soil, par
ticularly in the plain, is a rich alluvial deposit, yielding in the neighbour
hood of the town a return of twenty-four fold of corn. Near the Gulf,
cotton and rice are the staple productions. Among the fruit-trees are the
lemon, orange, pomegranate, and plum ; of these the last takes precedence.
The whole district is watered by numerous streams, the principal being the
ShamsI, ’Arab, Khanabad, and Marun. The climate is so mild, that in
January the meadows in the vicinity of the town are covered with narcissus,
appearing spread out like a white sheet several miles in circumference, and
diffusing the most delicious fragrance. Mules are bred in the districts
In it is included the plain of Behbehan, situated about 7 miles from the
northern mountains and 18 miles from the Zaidan hills. It is from 21 to
25 miles in length. The plain is very fertile with a rich alluvial deposit,,
well suited for general cultivation and watered at its western extremity by
the Marun river. Wild cabbage is the ordinary weed of the plain, which
also contains the capital of the province, Behbehan town, {q-v). All the
communications of the district centre at Behbehan town, which is also the
seat of the administration of the province—wefethis Gazetteer, Behbehan
town. The inhabitants of the province are mostly of the Kuhgalu and
Mamassani tribes, both of which are described separately in this Gazetteer.
There is also an admixture of other tribes, immigrants from other districts
and unclassified people, a mixture of Persian and Arab blood, who are
generally known collectively as Behbehanls. The Liravi and Zaidan dis
tricts belonging to Behbehan .—{Jones ; Layard ; Monteith ; Stocqueler ;
Ross ; Hopkins, 1903 ; Gabriel , 1905.)
BEHBEHAN Town— Lat. 39 q 33'N. Long. 50°28 / E. Elev. 1,300'.
A town in Ears and the capital of the administrative division of the same
name. It is situated 128 miles west-north-west of Shiraz and 43 miles
north-north-east of Bandar Dilam, in an extensive plain watered by the
Kurdistan or Marun river, from the banks of which it lies 3 milesj
The town is some 3| miles in circumference, and is surrounded by a mud
wall flanked with circular towers and
Town - ' bastions. The south-east corner is
occupied by a castle called Kaleh Naranj. It is a place of no great strength,
but has thick and lofty mud walls surrounded by a ditch. Its interior is
small and confined and not capable of containing any number of troops.
It is defended by 5 or 6 rusty cannons and might succesfully resist the
attack of undisciplined troops. None of these defences are mentioned by
U 2.

About this item


The item is Volume III of the four-volume Gazetteer of Persia (1910 edition).

The volume comprises that portion of south-western Persia, which is bounded on the west by the Turco-Persian frontier; on the north and east by a line drawn through the towns of Khaniqin [Khanikin], Isfahan, Yazd, Kirman, and Bandar Abbas; and on the south by the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .

The gazetteer includes entries on villages, towns, administrative divisions, districts, provinces, tribes, halting-places, religious sects, mountains, hills, streams, rivers, springs, wells, dams, passes, islands and bays. The entries provide details of latitude, longitude, and elevation for some places, and information on history, communications, agriculture, produce, population, health, water supply, topography, climate, military intelligence, coastal features, ethnography, trade, economy, administration and political matters.

Information sources are provided at the end of each gazetteer entry, in the form of an author or source’s surname, italicised and bracketed.

The volume contains an index map, dated July 1909, on folio 488.

The volume also contains a glossary (folios 481-486).

Compiled in the Division of the Chief of the General Staff, Army Headquarters, India.

Printed at the Government Monotype Press, India.

Extent and format
1 volume (487 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 489; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'GAZETTEER OF PERSIA. VOL. III.' [‎83r] (170/982), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/2/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 November 2019]

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