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'GAZETTEER OF PERSIA. VOL. III. PART II: L to Z' [‎59v] (123/988)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (490 folios). It was created in 1918. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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to enter Luristan from the south for the time being. This state of affairs is
not likely to improve in the near future, unless some energetic action is
taken by the British Government, in reference to the arrangements lately
entered into for the opening up of a road from Dizful to Kirmanshah by
the new British Road Company. (For further details, vide this Gazetteer,
Naphtha .—While the streams in all the highlands of Persia are of sweet
and pure water, the sandstone and gypsum ridges, which intervene between
the alluvial plains on the west and the mountain ranges leading on to the
elevated plateau land, produce streams, with few exceptions, of a brack
ish or sulphurous nature : and in these streams are found pools of naphtha
or petroleum. There are indications of this in the Beawut and Tumtumeh
districts. Between Kaleh Qasim and the Diz river, there is a short, isolated
ridge, with broken ground intervening between it and the main ridge. The
latter tract is known as Qir Ah, and has an outcrop of naphtha and bitumen
which is reputed to be large. It is evident that the naphtha belt runs the
whole way along the foot of the western ranges of Persia, extending from
at least as far north as Qasr-i-Shirin to a point east of Ahwaz. Nothing has
been done within the limits of this province to exploit this possible source
of wealth : and it must await its turn with the other possibilities connected
with the recrudescence of the prosperity of Persia.
Communications. —No communications other than by road exist through
Luristan; the rivers such as the Ab-i-Diz and the Karkheh partaking too
much of the character of torrents, at least within the limits of the province,
to be of any utility as a means of communication. The use of the term
f ‘ road ” is also merely used in its general sense, as they may be said not
to exist and should rightly be called “ tracks.” Even as such they are
mostly execrable, as in other parts of Persia.
The English Road Company has obtained a concession for the construc
tion of a road through from Dizf ul to Tehran; and work upon it had reached
as far as Sultanabad (’Iraq) in 1905. The improvement of the existing
track from that place southwards, with the development of the Karun
river, would afford an efficient oiitlet for the trade to the north; but for the
present (1905) it is entirely close owing to the depredations of the tribes,
nor is there any early prospect of the restoration of order.
The objection raised against the Shushtar-Khurramabad route is that
it passes through the district of Lur-i-Kuchak, and that the Lur robbers
would, as heretofore, plunder the caravans, destroy the caravanserais and
bridges built along it, and even the road itself. The manner in which
robbery has been put down in the Kuhgalu hills shows how such can be put
The lawlessness that now reigns throughout Lur-i-Kuchak is due to a
succession of weak and rapacious governors. A just and firm governor,
aidded by a small body of troops to enforce his authority, would, within a
few months, pacify the district. As a means to this end, the construction
of the road and caravanserais, and the safe-conduct of caravans along it
are required. As the road is now quite passable, the first desiderata are—
the construction of caravanserais, storing them with provisions, guarding
them, and the stationing a sufficient number of troops in each to ensure

About this item


The item is Volume III, Part II: L to Z of the four-volume Gazetteer of Persia (Provisional Edition, 1917, reprinted 1918).

The volume comprises that portion of south-western Persia, which is bounded on the west by the Turco-Persian frontier; on the north and east by a line drawn through the towns of Khaniqin [Khanikin], Isfahan, Yazd, Kirman, and Bandar Abbas; and on the south by the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .

The gazetteer includes entries on towns, villages, districts, provinces, tribes, forts, dams, shrines, coastal features, islands, rivers, streams, lakes, mountains, passes, and camping grounds. Entries include information on history, geography, climate, population, ethnography, administration, water supply, communications, caravanserais, trade, produce, and agriculture.

Information sources are provided at the end of each gazetteer entry, in the form of an author or source’s surname, italicised and bracketed.

The volume includes an Index Map of Gazetteer and Routes in Persia (folio 491), showing the whole of Persia, with portions of adjacent countries, and indicating the extents of coverage of each volume of the Gazetteer and Routes of Persia , administrative regions and boundaries, hydrology, and major cities and towns.

The volume includes a glossary (folios 423-435); and corrections (Index to the sub-tribes referred to in the Gazetteer of Persia, Volume III, folios 436-488).

Printed by Superintendent Government Printing, India, Calcutta 1918.

Extent and format
1 volume (490 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 492; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Pagination: the file also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

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English in Latin script
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'GAZETTEER OF PERSIA. VOL. III. PART II: L to Z' [‎59v] (123/988), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/4/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 November 2019]

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