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File 1855/1904 Pt 8 'Koweit:- Arabia Chiefs' attitude towards tribes of the interior (Nejd etc.)' [‎72r] (141/336)

The record is made up of 170 folios. It was created in 4 Feb 1904-30 Jan 1908. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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[Confidential.]
No. 2438 , dated Bushire, the 14 th (received 24 th) October 1906 .
From— “Major P. Z. Cox, C.I.E., Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
To— Sir Louis Dane, K.C.I.E., C.S.I., Secretary to the Government of India
in the Foreign Department.
In continuation of my letter marginally noted, giving cover to a copy of Mr.
Resident to Foreign, No. 2139, dated the 15th Crow’s despatch No. 62 of August
September 1906. ^ igo6 to His Majesty’s Ambassador at
Constantinople, on the subject of his interview with Sudgi Pasha, and referring
also to the allowances paid by the Porte to the rivals in Nejd, I have the honour
Koweit, No. 379 , dated the 30th September ,906. t0 S ° f ,? “P 0 ? wllich 1 haVe
received from the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Koweit,
in reply to an enquiry on the latter subject, for the information of the Government
of India. A copy is also being forwarded to His Majesty’s Consul, Basrah.
2 , I take the opportunity to mention at the same time that I have since
had an opportunity of discussing with Major Knox the subject of Sudgi Pasha’s
return from Nejd with 300 men vid Koweity which was reported in article 1039 of
this Office Diary for the week ending 2 nd September ; and have the honour to
invite consideration to an aspect of the incident which inevitably suggests itself.
It will doubtless have been noticed that the Turkish Officer and his men
were got out of the place by Sheikh Mubarak with all possible despatch and
although Sheikh Mubarak and his subjects would probably be too proud to admit
that their presence in Koweit caused any actual trepidation, it can hardly be
doubted that the pulses of both one and the other were considerably quickened
by the unwelcome visitation.
On this occasion their arrival was fortuitous and their intentions were doubt
less innocuous, but as a precedent the incident is a somewhat inconvenient one,
for it is possible to conceive that the experiment might be repeated with a larger
force from Nejd or Baghdad, and that having arrived by this means a Turkish
force might for the time being easily possess themselves of the town and of
Sheikh Mubarak by a coup de main similar to that which the Bedouins effected
in Maskat in 1895 .
3 . I venture to draw attention to the possibility, in case it might be con
sidered desirable for us to give Sheikh Mubarak any advice on the subject for
future guidance, or to suggest to the Porte that the course taken in this case
seems to us open to objection and calculated to disturb unnecessarily the minds
of the Koweit public, including British subjects.
If the Porte wants to put troops into Nejd, or get them out of Nejd, it is
reasonable to argue that they should use Ojair for the purpose and not the
territory of a neutral Chief.
No. 379 , dated the 30 th September 1906 .
From— Captain S. G. Knox, I.A., Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Koweit,
To— Major P. Z. Cox, C.I.E., Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your No. 2140 , dated 15 th
September 1906 , on the subject of the allowances paid to Bin Saood and Bin
Rashid by the Turkish Government.
2 . In reply, I have the honour to inform you that Sheikh Mubarak informs
me that the allowances are fixed as follows
For Abdur Rahman bin Feysul bin Saood, Turkish £ 90 per mensem.
For Meta’ab bin Rashid, 200 tigars rice per annum and Turkish £200 per
mensem.

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The papers concern the attitudes of Shaikh Mubarak [Mubārak bin Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ] of Koweit [Kuwait] and rulers of other Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. coast states toward the political activities of Bin Saood (also referred to as Ibn Saood) [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, (Ibn Sa‘ūd)] in Nejd [Najd].

The principal correspondents are the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Major Percy Zachariah Cox); the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait (Major Stuart George Knox); HBM's Consul, Basrah (also referred to as Bussorah) [Basra] (Francis Edward Crow); the British Ambassador at Constantinople (Sir Nicholas Roderick O'Conor); and senior officials of the Government of India, the Foreign Office, and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .

The papers cover: papers concerning a proposed visit by Ibn Sa‘ūd to the Pirate Coast [ Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ] and Oman, including discussion of whether, in the event of his gaining ascendancy in the region, an approach should be made to him through the Shaikh of Kuwait or the Sultan of Muscat to safeguard the rights of British subjects residing in his territories and to ensure that there was no interference with Arab tribes in alliance with the British Government, October 1905 - February 1906 (including copies of treaties with chiefs of the Pirate Coast, 1862-92, folios 159-162) (folios 144-170); the decision of the Government of India, with Foreign Office approval, to authorise the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. to issue a warning to the chiefs of the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. not to engage in 'intrigues' with Ibn Sa‘ūd, so as to avoid unrest that would be damaging to British commercial interests in the area, March-April 1906 (folios 121-143); papers concerning Ibn Sa‘ūd's relations with the Turkish [Ottoman] and British Governments, August-October 1906 (folios 108-120); papers concerning a possible Arab confederacy, November 1906 (folios 103-107); reports of fighting between Turkish troops and Arab tribesmen in Hassa [Al Hasa], overtures by Ibn Sa‘ūd to the British, and correspondence concerning the passage of Turkish troops through Kuwait, December 1906- April 1907 (including enclosures dated 1904) (folios 41-102); papers concerning Najd affairs, and the decision of the Government of India, with the agreement of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and the Foreign Office, that it was inadvisable to issue further warnings to Shaikh Mubarak not to interfere in Najd, as this might tend to weaken British influence over him, January-July 1907 (folios 11-40); and a memorandum concerning British relations with the Wahabees [Wahhabis], January 1908 (folios 4-10).

The date range gives the main covering dates of all the documents; however, the papers also include copies of treaties dated 1862-92 (folios 159-162). The date range of the Secret Department minute papers given on the subject divider on folio 1 is 1906-07.

Extent and format
170 folios
Written in
English in Latin script
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File 1855/1904 Pt 8 'Koweit:- Arabia Chiefs' attitude towards tribes of the interior (Nejd etc.)' [‎72r] (141/336), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/50/3, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100035754160.0x000097> [accessed 21 October 2019]

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