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File 1356/1912 Pt 1 'Turco-Persian Frontier:- negotiations at Constantinople.' [‎13r] (34/885)

The record is made up of 1 volume (436 folios). It was created in 7 Feb 1912-25 Sep 1912. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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>z.
CONFIDENTIAL
)
Sir Edward Grey to Sir W. Townley (Tehran).
(No. 469 .) Foreign Office, August 7 , 1912 .
YOUR telegram No. 424 and Bush ire telegram of 6 th August.
Copies of the maps of the Mohammerah frontier which we have proposed to Turkish
Government were posted to Tehran and Bushire on 19 th July.
The line which we have proposed to Turkey is more advantageous to Persia than
that which was proposed by mediating commissioners in 1850 and then accepted by
Persia, so that Persia should be satisfied if Turkey accedes to our present proposal.
It seems to me that the most expedient course now would be for you to
communicate a copy of the map confidentially to the Persian Government, for Sir
P. Cox to do likewise to the Sheikh of Mohammerah, and for Mr. Marling to do likewise
to the Persian delegates at Constantinople ; at the same time it might be explained
that, while we hope to secure the frontier we have proposed, we are not satisfied, in
view of the wording of article 2 of the Treaty of Erzeroum, that Turkey is legally bound
to recognise the modern port and anchorage of Mohammerah in so far as it is in the
main stream of the Shatt-el-Arab and not in the Karun, and on this point it may be
impossible to maintain the line we have proposed to Turkey ; but we will do our best,
and in any case we should provide against any arbitrary interference with the
commercial interests of the port of Mohammerah.
Before deciding on this course I should like your observations and those of Sir
P. Cox, and I am asking Mr. Marling to furnish me with his views.
(Repeated to Constantinople, No. 411 , and St. Petersburgh, No. 621 .)
767 — 537 I

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Content

The volume discusses the disputed Turco-Persian Frontier, particularly at Mohammerah, and the negotiations in Constantinople to attempt to settle it.

The correspondence focuses on:

  • the differences of opinion over the actual boundary at Mohammerah, including several maps demonstrating these differences;
  • movements of Turkish and Russian troops;
  • ownership of the Shat-el-Arab and questions of access for navigation;
  • copies of treaties, correspondence and memoranda dating back to 1639 relating to the question of the Turco-Persian frontier.

The principal correspondents in the volume are the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir Edward Grey); the Secretary of State for India (Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes, 1st Marquess of Crewe); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Sir Percy Zachariah Cox); the British Ambassador to Constantinople (Sir Gerard Lowther); the British Ambassador to Russia (Sir George Buchanan); the Viceroy of India (Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst); the British Ambassador to Tehran (Sir George Head Barclay); representatives of the Foreign Office (particularly Alwyn Parker) and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; and Arthur Talbot Wilson, on special duty in relation to the Turco-Persian Frontier.

This volume is part one of two. Each part includes a divider which gives the subject and part numbers, the year the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references contained in that part by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (436 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 1356 (Turco-Persian Frontier) consists of 2 volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/266-267. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 436; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 1356/1912 Pt 1 'Turco-Persian Frontier:- negotiations at Constantinople.' [‎13r] (34/885), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/266, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100036171270.0x000023> [accessed 20 February 2020]

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