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File 1356/1912 Pt 1 'Turco-Persian Frontier:- negotiations at Constantinople.' [‎14v] (37/885)

The record is made up of 1 volume (436 folios). It was created in 7 Feb 1912-25 Sep 1912. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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• j- f OC whaf action is to be taken, first of all, in order that
The report indicates wh t^ ^ ^ be ascertained may be shown in the
places of which the exact reso l v in<* the differences in regard to the
maps- This is for the P ur P ( ? , rnmmission composed of Ottoman and Persian
se,,?s, »h,, «d,d
that a settlement should be arranged.
You are hereby requested to take prompt action in accordance with the
nf the said rcoort and to inform this Ministry of the result.
Director-General of Political A fairs.
(For the Minister for Foreign Affairs.)
Copy of a Report by the Persian Frontier Commission addressed to the Grand
“\d izier •
Investigation has been made in regard to the places which were from old
time parts of Turkey, but which have been usurped by the Persians at different
This investigation was based on the articles, still in force, of treaties signed
between the two Powers since the year 1049 A. H. and on evidence confirming
and explaining the said articles.
According to this investigation and to the old entries discovered during its
course in the Daftarkhana (Land Records office), the Turco-Persian frontier,
as fixed by treaty, begins as was stated in a written report of the 15th Kianuni
awwal 1327, at the river Aras, and leaving the greater part of the lake of Urmi
on the Turkish side, ends on the lake
(a) Possibly Masho of the r.g. s. map (1919). of Urmi at a point upon the general line
J.G.L, passing from the highest part of the
Nisham (o) mountains over Keshki Sarai and
Elma Sarai. From the lake of Urmi, from a place very close to the so-called
Tash kesan (“stonecutter”), the frontier runs to the summit of the Sahend
mountain ; and the Liwas (Civil Divisions) of Achari Mahali, Afshar, Avroman
Monvan and Sihna and its dependencies remain on the Turkish side.
inai is to say, mat me whole basin ot the Jaghatu river and its tributaries
together with the westerly slopes of the Naran mountains and the Liwa o
Jawanrud and its dependencies belong to the Turkish Empire. The frontier lin<
(B'J The correct name is Gavarnrl. Tu;.. *h CfUestlOn follows the mountain Water
sheds and reaches the river Ghavarud, {i) i
then follows the highest line of* *
( 5 ) The correct name is Gavarud. This is the
Stream shown in the R. G. S. map (1910) as
joining the Sihna stream from the east a little
below Sihna near a place called Durup-a.
juuimg me ouma stream rrom the ej
below Sihna near a place called Duruga. ~ nigucst line O
J. G. l. Shahu mountain and, striking away froi
Pusht-i-Kuh chain of hills leaving nn P , aSS . e ? alon S the Da,ahl
cies, which are proved by treaty to l
(Ottoman) property, and by the eastei
sice of the Liwa of Gobanf which
proved by records to be Turkish territor
nf . . , and finall y ends in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
territory on the Turkish side of the frontier line just described on
Or ’Abadan, on the Shatt-ai-Arab, the island of’AbadanJ, the eastern pa
j. G. l. of the Sanjaq of Zohab and the lands
S, !l a i We : e . J glVen np t0 the Persi
Ahwa2.° bably meant f ° r Hawizeh - but Possibly for
IVW' Ql,bban ' on a westerly branclfo^khor
J. G. L.
{ Might also be read Fotura. The •
KOtUt be,we “ ‘ he of v'„ C a„d
aiiu 17 w s*vcu up io rne t
J. G. l. ^ treaties made at different times.

About this item


The volume discusses the disputed Turco-Persian Frontier, particularly at Mohammerah, and the negotiations in Constantinople to attempt to settle it.

The correspondence focuses on:

  • the differences of opinion over the actual boundary at Mohammerah, including several maps demonstrating these differences;
  • movements of Turkish and Russian troops;
  • ownership of the Shat-el-Arab and questions of access for navigation;
  • copies of treaties, correspondence and memoranda dating back to 1639 relating to the question of the Turco-Persian frontier.

The principal correspondents in the volume are the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir Edward Grey); the Secretary of State for India (Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes, 1st Marquess of Crewe); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Sir Percy Zachariah Cox); the British Ambassador to Constantinople (Sir Gerard Lowther); the British Ambassador to Russia (Sir George Buchanan); the Viceroy of India (Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst); the British Ambassador to Tehran (Sir George Head Barclay); representatives of the Foreign Office (particularly Alwyn Parker) and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; and Arthur Talbot Wilson, on special duty in relation to the Turco-Persian Frontier.

This volume is part one of two. Each part includes a divider which gives the subject and part numbers, the year the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references contained in that part by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (436 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 1356 (Turco-Persian Frontier) consists of 2 volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/266-267. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 436; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 1356/1912 Pt 1 'Turco-Persian Frontier:- negotiations at Constantinople.' [‎14v] (37/885), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/266, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 25 February 2020]

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