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File 1356/1912 Pt 1 'Turco-Persian Frontier:- negotiations at Constantinople.' [‎15r] (38/885)

The record is made up of 1 volume (436 folios). It was created in 7 Feb 1912-25 Sep 1912. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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That the remainder belongs to the Turkish Empire will be proved in the
discussions with the Persian Delegates, and, if necessary, at the Court of The
Hague, by the provisions of treaties and by other valid proofs. But in order to
derive full advantage from the records and evidence now available, and in order
to explain exactly the line of the frontier, a complete map is required showing
the places entered in the records (of the Daftarkhana). No such exists in the
Department of the General Staff of the Army or the Diwan-i-Humayun (? Archives
Office) ; nor has one of the sort ever been published in Europe.
Consequently it is most necessary, first of all, to indicate the places in a
map. As a means to this and booklets containing the names found in the
Khaqani (Land Records office) archives have been printed, and the requisite
printed sketch maps have been attached to the said booklets, and empty columns
for remarks have been provided in the booklets for the purpose of entering
opposite to the name of each place any information relating to it.
These booklets and sketch-maps should be sent to the Civil officials of the
Wilayats of Erzroum, Van, Musal, Baghdad and Basrah through the Ministry of
the Interior; and to the Military officers in the neighbourhood of the frontier
through the Ministry of War; and to the Ottoman Consuls in Persia and in the
vicinity of the frontier through the Ministry for Foreign Affairs.
The said officials and officers should be instructed to make the necessary
investigation and enquiries as soon as possible, in accordance with the instruc
tions* attached to the said booklets. The
* A translation of the instructions is attached. j^ na | resu i ts should be very clearly entered
in the column of remarks opposite to each
name; and the precise situation of each place should be marked in the sketch-
map with the best possible approximation; and finally the said booklets and
sketch-maps should be forwarded through the Ministries mentioned to the Com
mission, for examination.
But, as the investigations to be made by the Civil and Military officials
separately cannot be extended beyond the places where they are posted, and as
those places which require investigation and examination most of all are places
now wrongly in the hands of the Persians, some officers of the General Staff of
the Army who are employed as Military officers at military stations in the region
in Question and who have sufficient local information about the region, and who are
fiUor the work should be sent to the Ottoman Consulates which a.e directed to
take action under pretext of examining the accounts and . 0 ^ h c e er S s al c d 0 . 0 e !
dulates or on some other excuse, and that in civil dress. If these otticers co ope
rate with the Consuls it will expedite and facilitate the investigations and
examinations, and the situations of the places named, which are to be shown m
the sketch-maps, will be fixed with greater exactness.
It is necessary that these officers of the General Staff of the Army should
Affairs by correspondence.
ArwW nnint- is that as the discussion with the Persian Delegates
will assuredly begin at the Basra j 1 -B a g hdad t ^
fi^'nTouldTfgo g od rhin P g a to appoint and send ‘VeVm'
whc^has “eetLtodate^withthe Commissioj" who hacked at these subjects
Tor a long time, and who possesses sufficient local knowledge.
Of the printed booklets and sketch-maps .o copies
Minister for Foreign Affairs to be or war e Walls of Basrah, Baghdad.
the Minister of the Interior to bn forwarded to t ” ^ Kirkuk, Sulaimani-
Musal, Van and Erzroum and to the ^tasarrifs o^^Amara^K ^ ^
K& iSifi. ESfcEfSU k™ a-*- <* s™ “ d

About this item


The volume discusses the disputed Turco-Persian Frontier, particularly at Mohammerah, and the negotiations in Constantinople to attempt to settle it.

The correspondence focuses on:

  • the differences of opinion over the actual boundary at Mohammerah, including several maps demonstrating these differences;
  • movements of Turkish and Russian troops;
  • ownership of the Shat-el-Arab and questions of access for navigation;
  • copies of treaties, correspondence and memoranda dating back to 1639 relating to the question of the Turco-Persian frontier.

The principal correspondents in the volume are the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir Edward Grey); the Secretary of State for India (Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes, 1st Marquess of Crewe); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Sir Percy Zachariah Cox); the British Ambassador to Constantinople (Sir Gerard Lowther); the British Ambassador to Russia (Sir George Buchanan); the Viceroy of India (Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst); the British Ambassador to Tehran (Sir George Head Barclay); representatives of the Foreign Office (particularly Alwyn Parker) and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; and Arthur Talbot Wilson, on special duty in relation to the Turco-Persian Frontier.

This volume is part one of two. Each part includes a divider which gives the subject and part numbers, the year the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references contained in that part by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (436 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 1356 (Turco-Persian Frontier) consists of 2 volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/266-267. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 436; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 1356/1912 Pt 1 'Turco-Persian Frontier:- negotiations at Constantinople.' [‎15r] (38/885), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/266, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 10 April 2020]

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