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File 1356/1912 Pt 1 'Turco-Persian Frontier:- negotiations at Constantinople.' [‎17r] (42/885)

The record is made up of 1 volume (436 folios). It was created in 7 Feb 1912-25 Sep 1912. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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No. 1463, dated Bushire, the 17th (received 30th) July 1912.
From— Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Percy Cox, K.C.I.E., C.S.I., Political
Resident in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
To —The Hon’ble Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Henry McMahon, G.C.V.O ,
K.C.I.E., C.S.I., Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign
Department, Simla.
In connection with the Turko-Persian Boundary question, I have the honour
Telegram dated .oth Jui, I913 , ? , to forward for the information of the Gov-
London. ernment ot India, copies of the telegrams
R«ident to 1 india^Office^Londom l “‘ y ,! " J ' ' r °' n marginally noted which have passed be-
. tween the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and myself on that
subject.
Telegram (P.), dated 10th (received nth) July 1912.
From— ? , London,
To—The Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
Foreign. Secret.
Please see vour telegram dated 5th May, and as soon as possible telegraph
exact location of and dimensions of present^ anchorage and landing place at
Mohammerah with reference to Wilson’s map in order that they may be shown as
lying outside Turkish jurisdiction.
Telegram (Pd, No. 723, dated Bushire, the 15th July 1912.
From—The Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
Xo—India Office, London.
Please see telegram dated the 10th July from either the Foreign Office
or yourself.
firstly —It is not possible for sea«going cargo vessels to enter the Karun
and it is believed that ever since ocean-goin? steamers commenced to frequent
Mohammerah present anchorage in Shatt-al-Arab has been in use.
Secondly —Present anchorage is in mid-stream from the mouth of the
Karun up-stream for about 2,000 yards, but if mooring buoys were provided it
would be possible to berth all ships on the Persian side of the mid-channel line.
As many as 10 ships already are occasionally to be seen lying at anchor
at Mohammerah at one time and as double berthing 13 not . practicable and as
allowance is necessary for the future increase in size of ships, f^horage must
be considered to run 4) ooo yards up-stream. Occasionally ship, anchor below
the junction of the rivers and in this direction anchorage may be said to extend
1,000 yards.
Thirdly—Ihe present landing place is within the Karun on either bank
from the Customs to Mohammerah town, but as soon as ra>>w a y 13 commenced
Its main wharves will, almost certainly, be between Karun and Fa.hyeh on t e
banks of the Shatt-al-Arab (vide enclosure to my ' e “ e ^ N ° q th e
October .910 to His Majesty’s Minister, Tehran, and my No. 264^, dated
2nd October 1910, to the Government of India;.
Almost the whole of the Karun between the ^ ust0 ™y" d b ^°gTuTlt "on
town has since been taken by commercial firms on lease and is being
and is not now likely to be available.
Fourthly—'Ste anchorage of the Sheikh’s boats is within the mid-channe
line oppositehis paLce at Failiyeh or at village itself one m.le down-stream, and
this of course should be preserved to him.
G. C. B. P., £imla.—C. 48 F. D.-3-8- « 2.-44 -C.G-S.

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Content

The volume discusses the disputed Turco-Persian Frontier, particularly at Mohammerah, and the negotiations in Constantinople to attempt to settle it.

The correspondence focuses on:

  • the differences of opinion over the actual boundary at Mohammerah, including several maps demonstrating these differences;
  • movements of Turkish and Russian troops;
  • ownership of the Shat-el-Arab and questions of access for navigation;
  • copies of treaties, correspondence and memoranda dating back to 1639 relating to the question of the Turco-Persian frontier.

The principal correspondents in the volume are the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir Edward Grey); the Secretary of State for India (Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes, 1st Marquess of Crewe); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Sir Percy Zachariah Cox); the British Ambassador to Constantinople (Sir Gerard Lowther); the British Ambassador to Russia (Sir George Buchanan); the Viceroy of India (Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst); the British Ambassador to Tehran (Sir George Head Barclay); representatives of the Foreign Office (particularly Alwyn Parker) and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; and Arthur Talbot Wilson, on special duty in relation to the Turco-Persian Frontier.

This volume is part one of two. Each part includes a divider which gives the subject and part numbers, the year the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references contained in that part by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (436 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 1356 (Turco-Persian Frontier) consists of 2 volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/266-267. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 436; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 1356/1912 Pt 1 'Turco-Persian Frontier:- negotiations at Constantinople.' [‎17r] (42/885), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/266, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100036171270.0x00002b> [accessed 8 December 2019]

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