File 1356/1912 Pt 1 'Turco-Persian Frontier:- negotiations at Constantinople.' [20r] (48/885)
The record is made up of 1 volume (436 folios). It was created in 7 Feb 1912-25 Sep 1912. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
him to make arrangements for me to see the frontier as locally observed by
the Turks, which he and his associates somewhat half-heartedly claimed as the
On the 29th I left Bisaitin for Hawizeh, horses and mules being sent without
loads or saddles over a reed causeway through the marsh for the first six miles,
whilst the baggage was sent by bellam : I halted during the heat of the day at the
house of Shaikh Mahaji of the Shurufa tribe, subject to Shaikh Khazal, and went
on in the afternoon to Hawizeh, where our triangles joined up with those in the
direction of Shwaiyib which formed part of the survey made under the supervision
of the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. by the same surveyor earlier in the year. I was accom
modated in a cool house in the village by Jamal, the local agent of the Shaikh of
Mohammerah, who told me that the revenue of the village of Hawizeh was about
^500. We spent the 30th in taking astronomical observations, leaving in the
afternoon for Kut Hawashim, instead of Nasiri direct, in order to enable the surveyor
to join up his triangles with his starting point on the Karkheh. We halted during
the heat of the day at Kut Hawashim, and reached Nasiri before midnight on
July 1st. I may conclude by mentioning that I endeavoured to ascertain during
my journey how far smuggling was indulged in by the tribes op this border. I
came to the conclusion that the difficulties of communication with Amara are so
great that very little smuggling indeed is done, except to some small extent in
arms and ammunition for the Dizful market. I was assured and was satisfied
that the Hawizeh market was supplied almost solely from Nasiri, a little produce
coming from Mohammerah in winter, brought back by the large camel caravans
which go there direct with rice.
Enclosure No. 2.
Results of observations taken from June 15 th to July 2 nd, 1912 .
The instruments used were as follows :—
One sextant by Heath and Co., Crayford, London Kew Certificate, class
B. of 61 " radius, the inverting telescope being used for stellar as well as solar
One sextant stand.
One horizontal horizon (mercury).
One chronometer, 56 hours, No. 5709 by Johannsen, of 5 diameter.
One Hack watch by Webb and Co., No. 44, 2^" diameter.
Artificial sights were taken at Mohamraerah Consulate on June 15th and
Tune 20th by means of equal altitudes of the sun and the error and daily rate
were determined using the position of Mohammerah F S l as g-n by Com
mander Beauchamp, Lat. 30' >6 *7 N.L°ng. 48 >o 3 a L
The chronometer was found to be but 2-3 seconds different rom the ac _
cumula ed eTror reckoned from artificial sights taken at Masqat ,7 days pre-
vh^s and the daily rate of the chronometer between June 15th and June 20th
wasfound to be , Isy seconds losing as against ro22 seconds between Masqa
on May 2Qth and Mohammerah on June .5th. The former daily rate ot the
chronometer during May 1912 was '89 seconds losing.
The daily rate of the Hack watch was -59 seconds losing between June
15th ArrlvlTatVasiri on June 23rd and observations were taken on the Tennis
Court with the following results: - . • j- *
Latitude 21 0 to' 3 i , 9 "; this was determined by reduction to meridian of
antarfs When both 9 ea 3 st 9 and west of the meridian, the result being meaned
with latitude by Pole star. , . , . . j
Longitude 48° 40' 52’ was determined by equal altitude of the sun meaned
with stellar observations. . . • j u tot,- r r
mu* u foiKprl co closelv with the position determined by Mr. Cj. d.
Scott (Survey of India, retired) that 1 did not consider it advisable to alter the
error and rate of the chronometer.
About this item
The volume discusses the disputed Turco-Persian Frontier, particularly at Mohammerah, and the negotiations in Constantinople to attempt to settle it.
The correspondence focuses on:
- the differences of opinion over the actual boundary at Mohammerah, including several maps demonstrating these differences;
- movements of Turkish and Russian troops;
- ownership of the Shat-el-Arab and questions of access for navigation;
- copies of treaties, correspondence and memoranda dating back to 1639 relating to the question of the Turco-Persian frontier.
The principal correspondents in the volume are the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir Edward Grey); the Secretary of State for India (Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes, 1st Marquess of Crewe); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Sir Percy Zachariah Cox); the British Ambassador to Constantinople (Sir Gerard Lowther); the British Ambassador to Russia (Sir George Buchanan); the Viceroy of India (Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst); the British Ambassador to Tehran (Sir George Head Barclay); representatives of the Foreign Office (particularly Alwyn Parker) and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; and Arthur Talbot Wilson, on special duty in relation to the Turco-Persian Frontier.
This volume is part one of two. Each part includes a divider which gives the subject and part numbers, the year the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references contained in that part by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (436 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.
The subject 1356 (Turco-Persian Frontier) consists of 2 volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/266-267. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 436; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.
The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.
- Written in
- English and French in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- front, back, spine, edge, head, tail, front-i, i-r:i-v, 1r:22v, 24ar, 25r:73v, 75r:103v, 105r:122v, 124r:145v, 147r:184v, 187r:190v, 196v:203v, 214r:233r, 242r:242v, 244r:244v, 246r:251v, 253r:257r, 258r:261r, 262r:264v, 266r:270v, 272r:273v, 276r:279r, 282r:313v, 315r:324v, 326r:348v, 350r:370v, 372r:436v, ii-r:ii-v, back-i
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