File 1356/1912 Pt 1 'Turco-Persian Frontier:- negotiations at Constantinople.' [33r] (75/885)
The record is made up of 1 volume (436 folios). It was created in 7 Feb 1912-25 Sep 1912. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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[This Document is the Property of His Britannic Majesty’s Govemmont ]
Section 1 ,
[ 22320 ]
No. 1 .
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir P. Cox to Sir Edward Grey.—(Received May 25.)
(No. 3 M.)
Sir, ^ Mohammerah, May 4, 1912.
IN continuation of my letter No. 2 of the 8 th April, 1912, I have the honour to
forward copies of a despatch,* with enclosure, which I have addressed to His Majesty’s
Minister, Tehran, giving further details regarding the “ Shalhah ” Island. A brief
abstract of the additional information now acquired was contained in my telegram
No. 447, dated the 25th April, 1912.
I have, &c.
P. Z. COX, Lieutenant-Colonel, British Resident in
the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and His Majesty's Consul-
General for Ears, Ac.
Enclosure in No. 1.
Lieutenant Wilson to Lieutenant-Colonel Sir P. Cox.
Sir, Mohammerah, May 4, 1912.
IN accordance with your instructions, I yesterday visited the islands in the Shatt-
el-Arab on the eastern side of the mid-channel stream below the village of Shatait, and
have the honour to submit the following further details regarding their position, in
amplification of my despatch No. 104 of the 1st December, 1910, to His Majesty’s
The map to which I would invite reference is that of the Shatt-el-Arab and
Abbadan, on the scale 1 millim. —1 inch.
2. Four islands are shown on this map, on the Persian side of the river, extending
from below Shatait to above Ma’awiyeh. 1 will describe them in turn, commencing
with the one nearest Shatait
3. The first island is a small, very low-lying patch, in which date-palms have not
yet been planted, though it is cultivated and banked. It was first brought under
cultivation in 1908 by Zair Hussain, a subject of the sheikh, resident a few hundred
yards lower down on the Persian side of the river, but last year the island was handed
over by the sheikh to Haji Wahab, of the Bu Chachirah. It has no recognised name.
4 . The second island is that shown (incorrectly) alike on the above map and on
the chart as “ Dawasir.” It is a long and fertile island, stated to have been first
brought under cultivation some fifteen years ago. It is cultivated by the adherents of
Zair Hussain-ibn-Haji Mahmud, who are subjects of the Sheikh of Mohammerah and
live on the Persian bank close by. The island yields a substantial revenue to the
sheikh. Arabs only apply the name “ Dowasir ” to the district on the Turkish bank.
5. The third island is a mere mudbank, not yet cultivated, and covered at high
6 . The fourth island, shown on the map as Ma’awiyeh, is, according to the state
ments of old and respected Arabs resident in the locality, the “ Shalhah ^ which the
Turks claimed in 1877 (the Arabic date was correctly quoted to me). The general
testimony of the elders of the tribe (Thawamir) which cultivate it was that it was first
brought under cultivation about forty years ago, and that thirty-five years ago the
incident referred to in my office note of the 15th December, 1910, took place. ^ It is
covered with date-palms, and yields a handsome revenue to the sheikh. The cultivators
are Thawamir and Ma’awiyeh tribesmen, the former under Sheikh Ghazban-bin-Nasir ,
the latter first brought the island under cultivation, and it is. sometimes called
Nasiriyah in consequence. .
7 . I will conclude with a few general remarks affecting equally all the above
(1.) They are uninhabited, the cultivators living on the mainland on the ieisian
side ; this is because the ground is swampy and unhealthy.
About this item
The volume discusses the disputed Turco-Persian Frontier, particularly at Mohammerah, and the negotiations in Constantinople to attempt to settle it.
The correspondence focuses on:
- the differences of opinion over the actual boundary at Mohammerah, including several maps demonstrating these differences;
- movements of Turkish and Russian troops;
- ownership of the Shat-el-Arab and questions of access for navigation;
- copies of treaties, correspondence and memoranda dating back to 1639 relating to the question of the Turco-Persian frontier.
The principal correspondents in the volume are the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir Edward Grey); the Secretary of State for India (Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes, 1st Marquess of Crewe); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Sir Percy Zachariah Cox); the British Ambassador to Constantinople (Sir Gerard Lowther); the British Ambassador to Russia (Sir George Buchanan); the Viceroy of India (Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst); the British Ambassador to Tehran (Sir George Head Barclay); representatives of the Foreign Office (particularly Alwyn Parker) and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; and Arthur Talbot Wilson, on special duty in relation to the Turco-Persian Frontier.
This volume is part one of two. Each part includes a divider which gives the subject and part numbers, the year the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references contained in that part by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (436 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.
The subject 1356 (Turco-Persian Frontier) consists of 2 volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/266-267. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 436; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.
The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.
- Written in
- English and French in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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