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File 1356/1912 Pt 1 'Turco-Persian Frontier:- negotiations at Constantinople.' [‎47r] (103/885)

The record is made up of 1 volume (436 folios). It was created in 7 Feb 1912-25 Sep 1912. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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[This Document is the Property of His Britannic Majesty’s Government]
[June 12.]
Section 1.
[Further Amended Copy.]
[ 25042 ] No. 1.
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir P. Cox to Mr. Parker.—(Received June 12.)
Dear Mr. Parker, Muscat, May 21, 1912.
I ENCLOSE informally a copy of a letter with enclosures which I am posting
provisionally by this mail to the Government of India. I say “ provisional,” because it
refers to the advance copy of your memorandum received from you personally, and on
receipt of the memorandum in its final form officially I may need to modify my letter,
should the contents of the memorandum have been modified.
On receipt of the latter I will telegraph to the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. as to whether my letter
(enclosed) can be accepted officially or whether an amended cop } 7 follows.
I am sending a copy of this letter and enclosures privately to Sir A. Hirtzel.
Yours sincerely,
P. z. COX.
Enclosure 1 in No. 1.
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir P. Cox to Government of India.
[Note by Mr. Parker. —My comments are inserted in italics. Some of the points have
already been dealt with on the telegraphic correspondence.—A. P.]
gj r) ' Muscat, May 21, 1912.
IN submitting the accompanying notes relating to points of detail in Mr. Alwyn
Parker’s memorandum of April 1912 on the subject of “ the frontier between Moham-
merah and Turkey,” I have the honour to offer the following observations for the
consideration of the Government of India, on the bearing of the memorandum as a
whole and the line of policy advocated therein.
2 . The findings arrived at in the memorandum may be summarised as follows :—
(a.) As regards the riparian tract west of Mohammerah, it is agreed that there is
a case for supporting a Persian claim for the formal recognition and confirmation of the
status quo as represented by the boundary locally observed.
(b.) As regards the district of Hawizeh, it is suggested that there are no grounds
for any modification of the arbitrary line inserted in the mediating commissioners’ rough
diagram as indicating the boundary recommended for adoption in respect of that locality.
My suggestion in my memorandum under discussion was overruled (see tele
gram No. 335 of the llih April, 1912, to St. Petersburg). I may add that I am
convinced by Sir P. Cox’s facts and arguments on this point that my suggestion was
inexpedient. — A. P.
(c.) As regards the waters of the Shatt-el-Arab, it is held that a claim on the part
of Persia to the mid-channel boundary is untenable.
(d.) Apart from the above main issues under immediate consideration, Mr. Parker
expresses the apprehension that the question of the status of the Sheikh of Mohammerah
in the matter of jurisdiction over those of his tribesmen who tenant lands in admittedly
Turkish limits must come up incidentally for discussion in the course of the frontier
negotiations now in progress at Constantinople. He merely touches on this problem
for the purpose of indicating the probability of the contingency arising.
My words were that it (( is not unlikely to be discussed A I am preparing a
separate paper on this question. — A. P.
(e.) Lastly, he suggests, at the conclusion ot his memorandum, that the Sheikh
of Mohammerah seems to be pursifi^eavgoj^^vof territorial encroachment by means
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23 AUG 1 S 12 i ; ; ' 23 AUG 1912
n: 34

About this item


The volume discusses the disputed Turco-Persian Frontier, particularly at Mohammerah, and the negotiations in Constantinople to attempt to settle it.

The correspondence focuses on:

  • the differences of opinion over the actual boundary at Mohammerah, including several maps demonstrating these differences;
  • movements of Turkish and Russian troops;
  • ownership of the Shat-el-Arab and questions of access for navigation;
  • copies of treaties, correspondence and memoranda dating back to 1639 relating to the question of the Turco-Persian frontier.

The principal correspondents in the volume are the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir Edward Grey); the Secretary of State for India (Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes, 1st Marquess of Crewe); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Sir Percy Zachariah Cox); the British Ambassador to Constantinople (Sir Gerard Lowther); the British Ambassador to Russia (Sir George Buchanan); the Viceroy of India (Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst); the British Ambassador to Tehran (Sir George Head Barclay); representatives of the Foreign Office (particularly Alwyn Parker) and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; and Arthur Talbot Wilson, on special duty in relation to the Turco-Persian Frontier.

This volume is part one of two. Each part includes a divider which gives the subject and part numbers, the year the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references contained in that part by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (436 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 1356 (Turco-Persian Frontier) consists of 2 volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/266-267. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 436; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 1356/1912 Pt 1 'Turco-Persian Frontier:- negotiations at Constantinople.' [‎47r] (103/885), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/266, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 27 January 2020]

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