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File 2182/1913 Pt 9 'Arabia Policy towards Bin Saud' [‎27r] (51/406)

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The record is made up of 1 item (203 folios). It was created in 27 Dec 1918-2 Jun 1919. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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(? in
r an s la-
of Hejaz. Sherriff Husain has left Mecca and is encamped,
Abdoolla. has joined aim* I understand they are fully
'-quipped wita fiela-guns, machine-guns and military prepara-
tions. I pray to God to help us against his hostile inten
tions and to help against oppressors, certain intriguers and
movements for which there is not room, Mhen inhabitants of
(Nejd?) I heard they were (words undecypherable)* on account
of inferioxity or fear, out on the contrary as a precaution
againso theii previous and recent deeds, I am warning raidii
and now matters have reached their extreme. When the British
Government was engaged in time of war, we had left matters and
given up many of our rights, out now I cannot excuse the Brit
ish Government. If Sherrif is obedient to the orders of your
Government and follows them, then I am prepared to entrust
settlement of the dispute between us to you under the necessary
right which was as clear as the sun* So I hope that you will
settle by arbitration between us with pre-emptive rights* If
he is the aggressor, you can stop him* If I am the aggressor,
you can stop me, and place the responsibility on whoever acts
(group unde cypher able )* and commits aggression after the
settlement of tie dispute, and what has encouraged me to address
you is two things; firstly, God willing, I am guarding myself
against aggression and fully believe in rny rights, which are
biown to every one before as now, and the second thing is that
trusting in God and then in you and your justice, there will be
no (group undecypherable)* consequences according to what you
promised me (corrupt group* ?ihat have been the) characteristic
of your Government* If it is that Sherriff is out of your
hands and he has no willingness to follow advice and you give
me your definite reply, then I will defend my tribes and my
rights and the responsibility will be on the disobedient. At

About this item


Part 9 primarily concerns the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz], and British policy towards both. The item includes the following:

  • a note by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. 's Political Department, entitled 'Arabia: The Nejd-Hejaz Feud', which laments the fact that relations between Bin Saud and King Hussein have to some extent been reflected in the views of the two administrations with which they have respectively been brought into contact (i.e. the sphere of Mesopotamia and the Government of India in Bin Saud's case, and the Cairo administration in King Hussein's case);
  • reports on the presence of Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces in Khurma and debate as to which ruler has the stronger claim to it;
  • attempts by the British to ascertain whether or not a treaty exists between King Hussein and Bin Saud;
  • a copy of a report by Harry St John Bridger Philby entitled 'Report on Najd Mission 1917-1918', which includes as appendices a précis of British relations with Bin Saud and a copy of the 1915 treaty between Bin Saud and the British government;
  • reports of alleged correspondence between Bin Saud and Fakhri Pasha, Commander of the Turkish [Ottoman] forces at Medina;
  • reports of the surrender of Medina by Ottoman forces;
  • discussion as to whether Britain should intervene further in the dispute between Bin Saud and King Hussein;
  • details of the proposals discussed at an inter-departmental conference on Middle Eastern affairs, which was held at Cairo in February 1919;
  • reports that King Hussein's son Abdulla [ʿAbdullāh bin al-Ḥusayn] and his forces have been attacked at Tarabah [Turabah] by Akhwan forces and driven out.

The principal correspondents are the following:

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1 item (203 folios)
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English in Latin script
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File 2182/1913 Pt 9 'Arabia Policy towards Bin Saud' [‎27r] (51/406), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/390/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 March 2020]

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