File 2182/1913 Pt 9 'Arabia Policy towards Bin Saud' [39r] (75/406)
The record is made up of 1 item (203 folios). It was created in 27 Dec 1918-2 Jun 1919. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
* Serial No. 88. This refers tn™ . , applies.
14th January! 7 tele 8 ram -* dated the
Telegram P, .dated the 16th (received 18th) January 1919
rom His Majesty's Secretary of State for I ml' r
To-Hia Excellency the Viceroy (Po L0nil0D >
Baghdad)" (FOreign Md ^tical Department) (repeated to
Poliowing is most confidential. P a p ers follow b Ma
t- ~*«i t.»..,««
ol series of Committees with the obiect of V r T nCeS -°. f the Tui 'kish Empire
and ultimate re-establishment of Moslem ruieT 7 u “ ltln ? Moslem elements’
ul-Islam. To select, for the purpose nf !, ,. eontemplated by the Shaikh!
m position from the dependabTA™!,. t ^ ylng0n . succes8fu l Propaganda men
»i.h. co^ito. rrSLrssr.ar, “*«»!««
the occupied provinces and cease exercising infln! t ? Pei th ? Allies to
of union of the Moslems. A person who ie^L n i nCe ^ ere ’ W ^1 be the obiect
considerable influence in Islam world and who i!°d n m -J j dla an d exercises
biggest and wealthiest Ulema in Turkish Arabia if bed f s the son of the
selected by the Shaikh-ul-Islam. To enable them to n “ S o ® W ° rkers to be
son is said to be trying to get a pass for Welf and ? t0 ® a S h dad, this
STsh^ZdVodge'^fur^mafonstr statu^b A"“
mia, demanding national autonomy, ’under Ottoman Ltafuty! fol Iraq^'
Telegram P., dated the 20th (received 22nd) January 1919 .
Frcm-His Majesty's Secretary of State for India, London,
To-His Excellency the V.ceroy (Fore.gn and Polit.cal Department), Delhi
(Addressed to Baghdad.)
My telegram) of the same date has crossed yours regarding Ibn Sand
t s.n., as. y 0lJ need not despatch Bray 5 SaUd '
da^d'the Iflth* January. elegram ^ N °' ^
$ Serial No. 85 .
Telegram P., dated the 24th (received 26th) January 1919,
From His Majesty's Secretary of State for India, London,
To-His Excellency the Viceroy (Foreign and Political Department), Delhi.
Following, dated January 21st, from Foreign Office to Cairo -.—Begins.
Letter in Turkish addressed to Kins: and signed bv Bashid n au*- * u
descnhes bimself a8 0hief of tribe of bi g / ash ^ en “ a ^ ^ b °
Netherlands Legation, Constantinople. Letter is dated 13 T?sbrin slnf lS^
Neldl!? ^ * herci ?. in the name of Bin Eashid that Eashldi EmUate ^
J d r desir ® s permanent friendly relations with His Majesty’s Goyernment and
asks for aid and protection. Eeference is also made to long friendTy “T at ions
extend 6 ^° USe B f ¥j d i az an , d 1118 pointed out that people of Emirate “ which
tribe fL -n 1 Bagbd , ad ‘0 Mosul” all belong to the hardy Sl,amar Khatan
Arah;! d p W1 - alwa ? s be P re P ared to hold eyen the balance of power amon<rat
*o fa!fr*^ mirS j ■ Flnall y> tetter asks that “ Goyernment officials ” may be sent
t facilitate and assure communication and means of intercourse. Ends.
Your views as to the reply should please be telegraphed.
About this item
Part 9 primarily concerns the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz], and British policy towards both. The item includes the following:
- a note by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. 's Political Department, entitled 'Arabia: The Nejd-Hejaz Feud', which laments the fact that relations between Bin Saud and King Hussein have to some extent been reflected in the views of the two administrations with which they have respectively been brought into contact (i.e. the sphere of Mesopotamia and the Government of India in Bin Saud's case, and the Cairo administration in King Hussein's case);
- reports on the presence of Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces in Khurma and debate as to which ruler has the stronger claim to it;
- attempts by the British to ascertain whether or not a treaty exists between King Hussein and Bin Saud;
- a copy of a report by Harry St John Bridger Philby entitled 'Report on Najd Mission 1917-1918', which includes as appendices a précis of British relations with Bin Saud and a copy of the 1915 treaty between Bin Saud and the British government;
- reports of alleged correspondence between Bin Saud and Fakhri Pasha, Commander of the Turkish [Ottoman] forces at Medina;
- reports of the surrender of Medina by Ottoman forces;
- discussion as to whether Britain should intervene further in the dispute between Bin Saud and King Hussein;
- details of the proposals discussed at an inter-departmental conference on Middle Eastern affairs, which was held at Cairo in February 1919;
- reports that King Hussein's son Abdulla [ʿAbdullāh bin al-Ḥusayn] and his forces have been attacked at Tarabah [Turabah] by Akhwan forces and driven out.
The principal correspondents are the following:
- Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , temporarily based in Baghdad [Lieutenant-Colonel Arnold Talbot Wilson, acting Resident in Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Percy Zachariah Cox's absence];
- Civil Commissioner, Baghdad [held in an officiating capacity by Lieutenant-Colonel Arnold Talbot Wilson];
- High Commissioner, Egypt (General Sir Francis Reginald Wingate, succeeded by General Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby);
- Milne Cheetham, Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. , Cairo;
- Secretary to the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. 's Political Department (John Evelyn Shuckburgh);
- Bin Saud;
- King Hussein;
- Feisal [Fayṣal bin Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī], son of King Hussein;
- Foreign Office;
- Secretary of State for India [Edwin Samuel Montagu];
- Harry St John Bridger Philby.
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