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File 2182/1913 Pt 9 'Arabia Policy towards Bin Saud' [‎77r] (151/406)

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The record is made up of 1 item (203 folios). It was created in 27 Dec 1918-2 Jun 1919. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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dangerous and must be checked;
and proposes as an alternative decision that Ibn Saud
should be infonned that his subsidy, continued to him
after the armistice to facilitate demobilisation,
would no* be discontinued and that he should be pressed
to do his utmost to check the further spread of the
Ikhwan movement.
7. He anticipates that Ibn Saud will beg for a
continuance of his subsidy on a reduced scale and
suggests that His Majesty^ Government would be
prepared to make a concession in this direction "on
certain stipulations". He does not specify what
those stipulations would be but it is clear that he
contemplates that they should involve the complete
surender of Ibn Saud on the Khurma question. He
thinks that this alternative is more likely to achieve
the results desired by His Majesty’s Government than
the decision already arrived at.
8. With all due deference to Wilson I cannot take
the financial grounds adduced by him at all seriously.
I cannot believe that £60,000 per annum is a matter
which will weigh strongly with His Majesty’s
Government in the presence of strong political arguments
for retaining a lien on the affections of Ibn Saud. A
monthly subsidy is in present circumstances the only
method open to us of keeping some sort of hold on Ibn
Saud and provides us with a ready weapon to use in the
event of his becoming really refractory. Its discontin
uance will give him fL good grounds for denouncing the
treaty of 1916 by which we have acquired a prvileged
position in Central Arabia and will inevitably lead, if
the

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Part 9 primarily concerns the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz], and British policy towards both. The item includes the following:

  • a note by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. 's Political Department, entitled 'Arabia: The Nejd-Hejaz Feud', which laments the fact that relations between Bin Saud and King Hussein have to some extent been reflected in the views of the two administrations with which they have respectively been brought into contact (i.e. the sphere of Mesopotamia and the Government of India in Bin Saud's case, and the Cairo administration in King Hussein's case);
  • reports on the presence of Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces in Khurma and debate as to which ruler has the stronger claim to it;
  • attempts by the British to ascertain whether or not a treaty exists between King Hussein and Bin Saud;
  • a copy of a report by Harry St John Bridger Philby entitled 'Report on Najd Mission 1917-1918', which includes as appendices a précis of British relations with Bin Saud and a copy of the 1915 treaty between Bin Saud and the British government;
  • reports of alleged correspondence between Bin Saud and Fakhri Pasha, Commander of the Turkish [Ottoman] forces at Medina;
  • reports of the surrender of Medina by Ottoman forces;
  • discussion as to whether Britain should intervene further in the dispute between Bin Saud and King Hussein;
  • details of the proposals discussed at an inter-departmental conference on Middle Eastern affairs, which was held at Cairo in February 1919;
  • reports that King Hussein's son Abdulla [ʿAbdullāh bin al-Ḥusayn] and his forces have been attacked at Tarabah [Turabah] by Akhwan forces and driven out.

The principal correspondents are the following:

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1 item (203 folios)
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English in Latin script
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File 2182/1913 Pt 9 'Arabia Policy towards Bin Saud' [‎77r] (151/406), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/390/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100036528094.0x00009f> [accessed 17 July 2019]

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