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File 2182/1913 Pt 9 'Arabia Policy towards Bin Saud' [‎84r] (165/406)

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The record is made up of 1 item (203 folios). It was created in 27 Dec 1918-2 Jun 1919. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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17 >1. i etoraburg pluo*
,‘. 2 .
2. b. 19.
A. 1.
with reference to your memorandum dated 16th February
1/1 which has been forw.yrded here to me from Camberley, I
feerejfith return the 1 inutea of the Conference held on the 24th
February with.a few amendments in mutters of detail.
In view of the decisions arrived at, namely
(i) tli at the Sharif and I bn Baud should bo permitted
to ii{#it out the issue subject to guarantee of
the protection of the Holy Places
(ii) that both parties should be informed that H. l # *s
lovt. arc prepared t< id# the issue by a
Boundary Commission, if and when both parties
express a desire .for such a solution ;
and in view t>f the fact that Sharif Faisal is in Europe, while I
myself may, I think fairly claim to be able to represent Ibn
Baud in these matters, I venture to suggest for the consideration
oi Lord Curzon that, rather than let mutters drift towards war
between two Arab powers friendly to' ourselves, it would be
preferable to cxh ust such possibilities as may lie in further
negotiations and that some useful purpose mi, fit be served by
if such could be arranged.
T am convinced that buhabicra is sod will, during the life
of Ibn Baud, continue to be a serious movement, whoso aggressive
tendencies will ‘be aggravated rather than mi tigated by the
dharif 1 s ho‘.utility with- cons'-maionecs ihicb c-;umot be foreseuu
or safely predicted, while at the same time I am equally sure
that the movement can be kept within definite limits if dealt
with on reasonable linos. The Sharif's dream* of the conquest
of Central Arabia and the suppression of Wahabism by force
is, I m convinced, Utopian uid the alternative is the
perpetuation
Lieut. A. H. Joins
Secretary, I.D.C.L.
I*** O ? * • Pf ->*
Porei/gn Uliice

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Part 9 primarily concerns the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz], and British policy towards both. The item includes the following:

  • a note by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. 's Political Department, entitled 'Arabia: The Nejd-Hejaz Feud', which laments the fact that relations between Bin Saud and King Hussein have to some extent been reflected in the views of the two administrations with which they have respectively been brought into contact (i.e. the sphere of Mesopotamia and the Government of India in Bin Saud's case, and the Cairo administration in King Hussein's case);
  • reports on the presence of Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces in Khurma and debate as to which ruler has the stronger claim to it;
  • attempts by the British to ascertain whether or not a treaty exists between King Hussein and Bin Saud;
  • a copy of a report by Harry St John Bridger Philby entitled 'Report on Najd Mission 1917-1918', which includes as appendices a précis of British relations with Bin Saud and a copy of the 1915 treaty between Bin Saud and the British government;
  • reports of alleged correspondence between Bin Saud and Fakhri Pasha, Commander of the Turkish [Ottoman] forces at Medina;
  • reports of the surrender of Medina by Ottoman forces;
  • discussion as to whether Britain should intervene further in the dispute between Bin Saud and King Hussein;
  • details of the proposals discussed at an inter-departmental conference on Middle Eastern affairs, which was held at Cairo in February 1919;
  • reports that King Hussein's son Abdulla [ʿAbdullāh bin al-Ḥusayn] and his forces have been attacked at Tarabah [Turabah] by Akhwan forces and driven out.

The principal correspondents are the following:

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1 item (203 folios)
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English in Latin script
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File 2182/1913 Pt 9 'Arabia Policy towards Bin Saud' [‎84r] (165/406), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/390/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100036528094.0x0000ad> [accessed 17 July 2019]

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