Skip to item: of 1,080
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

File 2182/1913 Pt 10 'N.W. Frontier: Proposed Russian zoological expedition' [‎245r] (81/664)

This item is part of

The record is made up of 1 item (330 folios). It was created in 28 May 1919-13 Jan 1920. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

public demarcation of the boundary by a British Commission It
was only suggested that he should agree either to meet Ibn Baud
tCb f 7 t? + i d ?i, Ute K a - re P r ® sent * ti ™ *0 meet a plenipotentiary from
isue betwlen tt t °f ^ all pofnls a“
o'nininrt r u th two ., ru ? ers - was not anticipated that public
p wou d necessarily jump to the conclusion from the fact of
ipon™^ mth^nor 6 0W / lershi P ot ' ^ hllrma was being arbitrated
upon, tt might not even be necessary for an arbiter to step in at all
oresTnt'in c aS rt SS f ted “ ™P artial Britis b official Should be
P .. as ® the two parties failed to arrive at an agreement He
must realise that if His Majesty’s Government were S, present ifn
Saud with another ultimatum, the result would be that P the whole
1 1 ant power of t.,e Akhwan would be let loose upon himself. It
appeared from the result of the recent conflict th£t be would be
unable to resist them, but would lose Mecca, and would retire into
: S rult th6 g ‘' eateSt S ‘ ain tha * C ° Uld ^ memor^of
• , T ^ e P olltlcal objections to the provision of British troons to
from M aS 3 ea p that he C ° Uld n0t lo ° k tor “^tary support
defeated bv lbn r H G ° Ve /T ent - ,J is a ™y had been severely
eated WJbn Sand, and it was difficult to avoid the conclusion
ffite.ritv m of ar th reSU H W0Uld f0ll0W from further hostilities. The
integrity of the Hejaz was as important to His Maiestv’s
Government as it was to himself, but it was futile for them to let on
the assumption that he would be able to uphold by force of arms
any demsion which was arrived at by His Majesty’s Government of
a nature to precipitate further conflict. J
bbn Saud had also demanded from His Majesty’s Government a
definite recognition of h.s various claims, and His Sty’s
Government had declined to discuss them with him until he Imd
“ d l,n re ft eff ° rt 1° ?“? 1° a ? cement without their inter-
to Jeddah a J a h Under / tood that ISa “d w °uld be ready to come
tSrv hot TT a M a - ^ conversation with Hussein on his own
’ , but Hls Majesty s Government did not propose to suggest
tins to him unless they were assured that in the event of
impLliaUrbiter g ’ h Part ‘ eS W0UU aCCept the decision of an
Maiest ^ h p regard t0 b he ownership of Khurma and Turaba, His
tw k3w e, ' n “ e u ^ ad n -°e receded from their . previous attitude
i • • A ®f ussei J 1 a right to restore order in Khurma This
decision ts.ul been based on the evidence they had received, but in
wabim the aQn j h f atl0n of bl ? armies, and of the fact that Ibn Saud
' ’ . P'epared to accept this decision, His Majesty’s Government
earnestly hoped that he would consent as a matter of form to this
nclusmn, among others, being eventually referred to a British
rbitrator in the event of an unsatisfactory conclusion to the inter
view between himself and Ibn Saud.
ra G0l ° De i W 3 m ’gbb also mfortn Hussein that His Majesty’s
novt rnlue,lt , w ‘’ u M be delighted to receive him in London some time
ext year but that they were anxious that before he came to
England the risk of hostilities between himself and Ibn Saud should
be entirely removed.
^ tl I ie d^stions asked by Ibn Sand’s delegation, he thought
at until the mam issues had been decided it was unreasonable to
expect His Majesty s Government to give definite answers on points
ot detail He was prepared to receive the delegation before they
lett England ana he suggested that he should inform them of the
proposal which Colonel Wilson was to make to King Hussein, and
which would provide an answer to all his questions, except that of
the subsidy. With regard to the subsidy, he did not see that there
was any case lor enhancing it, nor did he consider that His Majesty’s
Government were under any obligation to rehabilitate the territory
ot ibn baud from the ruin caused by internal war, by Turkish
occupation, and by aggression on the part of Ibn Rashid. He was

About this item


The title provided at the beginning of this item does not relate in any way to the item's contents. Part 10 is in fact concerned with the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz], and British policy towards both.

The item begins with reports that Bin Saud's Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces have advanced to Tarabah (also spelled Turaba in the correspondence) [Turabah], in Hejaz, and includes details of His Majesty's Government's proposed response, which is to inform Bin Saud that if he does not withdraw his forces from Hejaz and Khurma then the rest of his subsidy will be discontinued and he will lose all advantages secured under the treaty of 1915. Included are the following:

  • copies of translations of correspondence between Bin Saud and King Hussein;
  • discussion as to whether the British should send aeroplanes to assist King Hussein;
  • minutes of inter-departmental meetings between representatives of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the War Office, the Foreign Office, and the Treasury, on the subject of Bin Saud, held at the Foreign Office and chaired by the Foreign Secretary, Earl Curzon of Kedleston [George Nathaniel Curzon];
  • discussion as to how the British should respond in the event of Bin Saud's Wahabi [Wahhabi] forces taking Mecca and advancing on Jeddah, which it is anticipated may result in the evacuation of a large number of Arabs and British Indians;
  • discussion regarding a proposed meeting between Harry St John Bridger Philby and Bin Saud on the Gulf coast;
  • a report by Captain Herbert Garland [Director of the Arab Bureau, Cairo], entitled 'Note on the Khurma Dispute Between King Hussein and Ibn Saud';
  • a document entitled 'Translation of a Memorandum on the Wahabite [sic] Crisis', addressed to the High Commissioner, Egypt, by Emir Feisal [Fayṣal bin Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī], in which Feisal implores the British to take military action against the Wahabi movement;
  • copies of translations of letters addressed to Bin Rashid [Saʿūd bin ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Āl Rashīd], from Bin Saud and King Hussein respectively, which provide the perspectives of both on recent events at Khurma and Tarabah;
  • a memorandum from the Foreign Office's Political Intelligence Department, entitled 'Memorandum on British Commitments to Bin Saud'.

The item's principal correspondents are the following:

This item also contains translated copies of correspondence between Hussein and the then High Commissioner at Cairo, Sir Arthur Henry McMahon [commonly referred to as the McMahon-Hussein correspondence], dating from July 1915 to January 1916.

Extent and format
1 item (330 folios)
Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

File 2182/1913 Pt 10 'N.W. Frontier: Proposed Russian zoological expedition' [‎245r] (81/664), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/390/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 July 2019]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">File 2182/1913 Pt 10 'N.W. Frontier: Proposed Russian zoological expedition' [&lrm;245r] (81/664)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image