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File 2182/1913 Pt 10 'N.W. Frontier: Proposed Russian zoological expedition' [‎263v] (118/664)

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The record is made up of 1 item (330 folios). It was created in 28 May 1919-13 Jan 1920. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Up to the present moment I am myself, with all my might, carrying out in my
country all thino-s in conformity with the Islamic law all things which tend to benefit
the rest of the kingdom, and I shall continue to do so until it pleases God to order
otherwise •
In order to reassure vour Excellency, I can declare that the whole cc ^ry,
together with those who you say are submitting themselves to Turco-German orders,
are all waiting the result of these negotiations, which are dependent onlj' on your
refusal or acceptance the question of the limits, and in your declaration of safe-
guarding their religion first and then the rest of rights from any harm or danger.
Whatever the illustrious Government of Great Britain finds conformable to its
policy in this subject communicate it to us and specify to us the course we should
In all cases it is only God 5 s will which shall be executed, and it is God who is
the real factor in everything. _ _
With re ard o our demand for grain for the natives and the monies (surras)
known to the Wakfs Ministry, and all other articles sent here with pilgrims’ caravan,
0 High Exc llency, my intention in this matter is to confirm your proclamations to the
whole world, and especially to the Moslem world, that your antagonism is confined
only to the party which has usurped the rights of the Caliphate, in which are included
the rights of all Moslems. # ^ i .
Moreover, the said gram is from the special Whkfs, and has notning to do with
politics. . ,
if you think it should be, let the grain of the two years be transported in a special
steamer to Jeddah in an official manner, in the name of all the natives as usual, and
the captain of the steamer or the special “ Mamur ’ detailed as usual every year to
hand it over on his arrival at the port, will send to the Governor of Jeddah asking for
the Mamur of the grain at Jeddah, or a responsible official to take over the grain, amd
give the necessary receipt signed by the said Mamur, that is, the Mamur of the
gram himself. He should make it a condition that he would accept any receipt but
that signed by this Mamur.
Let the captain of the steamer or the “ Mamur” (detailed with the grain) should
be instructed that if he finds anything contrary to this arrangement, he should warn
them that he will return home with the cargo. Thereupon the Mamur and the special
committee detailed with him, which is known as the committee of the grain for the
natives, will take over the grain in the proper form.
Please accept my best regards and salutations.
If you choose to send a reply to this, please send it with bearer.
29t/z Shawal, 1333 [September 9, 1915].
(4-)
Letter from Sir H. McMahon, His Majesty's High Commissioner, Cairo, to the Sherif of
Mecca, dated October 25, 1915.
To the Sherif of Mecca (with titles).
October 25, 1915.
I HAVE received your letter of 29th Shawal with much pleasure, and your
expressions of friendliness and sincerity have given me the greatest satisfaction.
I regret that you should have received from my last letter the impression that I
regarded the question of the limits and boundaries with coldness and hesitation ;
such was not the case, hut it appeared to me that the moment had not yet arrived when
they could he most profitably discussed.
I have realised, however, from your last letter that you regard this question as
one of vital and urgent importance. I have therefore lost no time in informing the
Government of Great Britain of the contents of your letter, and it is with great
pleasure that I communicate to you on their behalf the following statement, which I
am confident you will receive with satisfaction.
The districts of Mersina and Alexandretta and portions of Syria lying to the west
of the districts of Damascus, Hama, Homs, and Aleppo cannot be said to be purely
Arab, and should be excluded from the proposed limits and boundaries. *
*

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Content

The title provided at the beginning of this item does not relate in any way to the item's contents. Part 10 is in fact concerned with the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz], and British policy towards both.

The item begins with reports that Bin Saud's Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces have advanced to Tarabah (also spelled Turaba in the correspondence) [Turabah], in Hejaz, and includes details of His Majesty's Government's proposed response, which is to inform Bin Saud that if he does not withdraw his forces from Hejaz and Khurma then the rest of his subsidy will be discontinued and he will lose all advantages secured under the treaty of 1915. Included are the following:

  • copies of translations of correspondence between Bin Saud and King Hussein;
  • discussion as to whether the British should send aeroplanes to assist King Hussein;
  • minutes of inter-departmental meetings between representatives of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the War Office, the Foreign Office, and the Treasury, on the subject of Bin Saud, held at the Foreign Office and chaired by the Foreign Secretary, Earl Curzon of Kedleston [George Nathaniel Curzon];
  • discussion as to how the British should respond in the event of Bin Saud's Wahabi [Wahhabi] forces taking Mecca and advancing on Jeddah, which it is anticipated may result in the evacuation of a large number of Arabs and British Indians;
  • discussion regarding a proposed meeting between Harry St John Bridger Philby and Bin Saud on the Gulf coast;
  • a report by Captain Herbert Garland [Director of the Arab Bureau, Cairo], entitled 'Note on the Khurma Dispute Between King Hussein and Ibn Saud';
  • a document entitled 'Translation of a Memorandum on the Wahabite [sic] Crisis', addressed to the High Commissioner, Egypt, by Emir Feisal [Fayṣal bin Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī], in which Feisal implores the British to take military action against the Wahabi movement;
  • copies of translations of letters addressed to Bin Rashid [Saʿūd bin ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Āl Rashīd], from Bin Saud and King Hussein respectively, which provide the perspectives of both on recent events at Khurma and Tarabah;
  • a memorandum from the Foreign Office's Political Intelligence Department, entitled 'Memorandum on British Commitments to Bin Saud'.

The item's principal correspondents are the following:

This item also contains translated copies of correspondence between Hussein and the then High Commissioner at Cairo, Sir Arthur Henry McMahon [commonly referred to as the McMahon-Hussein correspondence], dating from July 1915 to January 1916.

Extent and format
1 item (330 folios)
Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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File 2182/1913 Pt 10 'N.W. Frontier: Proposed Russian zoological expedition' [‎263v] (118/664), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/390/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100036528096.0x000084> [accessed 21 July 2019]

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