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File 2182/1913 Pt 10 'N.W. Frontier: Proposed Russian zoological expedition' [‎299r] (189/664)

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The record is made up of 1 item (330 folios). It was created in 28 May 1919-13 Jan 1920. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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!> \ K-77
iranslation of a letter dated Dhll-Qaadah, 1337 (August,
iyiy), from His Jbcoellericy SJieiich sir Abdul Aziz bin Abdur
Rahman Ai-l?aisai As Sam, Ruler of Hajd, to Syed
Siaaiq Hasan Hsqr., Indian Assistant, In charge Politioal
Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. , Bain’ein.
At' ter comp Ilmen t s,
I have the honour to aoKnowleage receipt of your cordial
letter dated 2Hna Shawwai 1337 ( 21st July, lyiy, 8na to say
that I have fully understood the contents, especially regarding
the telegrams received by you from the Hon'ble Civil Commis
sioner stating' that my son Pal sad had joined the raids on ■
Al-Shasmah which is to the east or the pilgrimage road from
Meoca to Madina ana on Dafinah which is two days north of
Ashirah and that my relation gaud Al-Arafah was with them and
also other men of Haja, of Qat-Qat ana Al-Artawiyah. I beg to
state to you that the read conditions as regards my son Faisal
ana the alleged raids said to have been comuiitted by nim on
this pilgrimage roaa between Mecca ana Madina, this is a thing
which has absolutely no truth because, firstly, my son Faisal
Was si^it since Rabi uij.1 he ieit for your side daring which
period no one made any raid, neither the people of Haja, nor
any oi my sons, between Mecca and Madina, ana if any one maKes
raids I shall be responsible. Only Phan bin Rashid accompanied
by one 0 . 1 . the Ashraf left Madinah with some men of the Hataim
fa-oa the Haro of Madinah by the order of Sharif All ana attacked
the inhabitants of DhaKhnah, a village in the vicinity of
i*asim ana plundered 400 camels from them (Inhabitants of
Dhakhnah or ojasim ?) in the beginning of Ramadham (June). He
was perfumed by sixty camels ana fifty horsemen ana was over-
tanan at 3'aja. Ana 150 camels ana all his stores were
capuLred and the camels (illegible). Phis is a well-known
thing ana the news must have reached Kuwait and other towns
as well and it is not hidden from any one. As regards the

About this item


The title provided at the beginning of this item does not relate in any way to the item's contents. Part 10 is in fact concerned with the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz], and British policy towards both.

The item begins with reports that Bin Saud's Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces have advanced to Tarabah (also spelled Turaba in the correspondence) [Turabah], in Hejaz, and includes details of His Majesty's Government's proposed response, which is to inform Bin Saud that if he does not withdraw his forces from Hejaz and Khurma then the rest of his subsidy will be discontinued and he will lose all advantages secured under the treaty of 1915. Included are the following:

  • copies of translations of correspondence between Bin Saud and King Hussein;
  • discussion as to whether the British should send aeroplanes to assist King Hussein;
  • minutes of inter-departmental meetings between representatives of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the War Office, the Foreign Office, and the Treasury, on the subject of Bin Saud, held at the Foreign Office and chaired by the Foreign Secretary, Earl Curzon of Kedleston [George Nathaniel Curzon];
  • discussion as to how the British should respond in the event of Bin Saud's Wahabi [Wahhabi] forces taking Mecca and advancing on Jeddah, which it is anticipated may result in the evacuation of a large number of Arabs and British Indians;
  • discussion regarding a proposed meeting between Harry St John Bridger Philby and Bin Saud on the Gulf coast;
  • a report by Captain Herbert Garland [Director of the Arab Bureau, Cairo], entitled 'Note on the Khurma Dispute Between King Hussein and Ibn Saud';
  • a document entitled 'Translation of a Memorandum on the Wahabite [sic] Crisis', addressed to the High Commissioner, Egypt, by Emir Feisal [Fayṣal bin Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī], in which Feisal implores the British to take military action against the Wahabi movement;
  • copies of translations of letters addressed to Bin Rashid [Saʿūd bin ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Āl Rashīd], from Bin Saud and King Hussein respectively, which provide the perspectives of both on recent events at Khurma and Tarabah;
  • a memorandum from the Foreign Office's Political Intelligence Department, entitled 'Memorandum on British Commitments to Bin Saud'.

The item's principal correspondents are the following:

This item also contains translated copies of correspondence between Hussein and the then High Commissioner at Cairo, Sir Arthur Henry McMahon [commonly referred to as the McMahon-Hussein correspondence], dating from July 1915 to January 1916.

Extent and format
1 item (330 folios)
Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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File 2182/1913 Pt 10 'N.W. Frontier: Proposed Russian zoological expedition' [‎299r] (189/664), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/390/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 24 July 2019]

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